Experts weigh in on judging Kavanaugh for alleged adolescent behavior: 'Most teens don't do that type of thing'
The heat on Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh increased on Monday, as Christine Blasey Ford, the woman who has accused him of drunkenly sexually assaulting her more than three decades ago, took control of her own narrative by coming forward and offering to testify.
“I thought he might inadvertently kill me,” Ford, now a 51-year-old research psychologist in California, told the Washington Post on Sunday. “He was trying to attack me and remove my clothing.” She and Kavanaugh, as well as a third person allegedly in the room, Mark Judge, were all high school students in suburban Maryland, attending a party.
While Kavanaugh, 53, has “categorically and unequivocally” denied the accusations, saying, “I did not do this back in high school or at any time,” and Judge calls it “absolutely nuts,” Ford refers to the incident as an “attempted rape” and says she spent time dealing with the psychological fallout in therapy. She has already passed a lie-detector test regarding the alleged incident and has offered to testify about it publicly (something Kavanaugh, as of Monday afternoon, also agreed to do).
Still, as Washington insiders hash out the details and decide what to do, if anything, with the potentially damaging information, outsiders have not been shy about weighing in. Twitter has been especially alive with discussions about teens behaving badly and whether or not it’s fair to hold adults accountable for their decades-old, adolescent actions, no matter how egregious.
Women: Take note of who says that what Kavanaugh is accused of is just standard teen boy behavior. Then make sure to never be in a room alone with them.
— Jessica Valenti (@JessicaValenti) September 17, 2018
The same people saying “#Kavanaugh was only a kid, it’s okay” are the ones saying “Michael Brown deserved to be executed.”
— TheAnonJournal (@TAPAlerts) September 17, 2018
I was raped by a high school peer in situation similar to #Kavanaugh. It isn’t “oh one night when he was a teen…” to me, the victim. I was afraid to tell anyone other than my best friend. We never told anyone out of fear. It has negatively affected my entire life.
— Linda UWSⓋ 🐖🐄🐓💞 (@maisondechienvt) September 17, 2018
#Kavanaugh getting his high school, frat-boy record exposed in the middle of a hearing where he’s being assaulted is kinda karma for the Trayvon Martin’s of the world.
— Davs_TwoCents (@Davs_TwoCents) September 17, 2018
Tweet 1 of a bunch: I oppose Kavanaugh’s nomination, think senators should vote no based on his judicial record, but am uncomfortable with asserting that his behavior as a teen tells us anything about his “character” now.
— Rosa Brooks (@brooks_rosa) September 17, 2018
I have no new insight to offer re Kavanaugh news. I do wonder how many men did something terrible as a teen–maybe drunk, maybe egged on by a friend, maybe out of jealousy, whatever. Then memory-holed the whole incident+never did anything like it again. My guess: More than a few.
— Harold Pollack (@haroldpollack) September 16, 2018
Conservative writer and professor Tom Nichols, meanwhile, tweeted, “We’ve now gone from ‘he did this terrible thing at 17’ to ‘he’s a man who treated a woman like that. Man, I hope all the people who are making this case had spotless lives at 17, because I sure as hell didn’t.” He deleted it after being called out for insensitivity but continued with this: “All of you arguing that what someone did at 17 is relevant when you’re 53 better to be [sic] ready *always* to die on that hill, because it’s going to be the new rule. Don’t complain later when the revolution eats its young.” He went on…
This, right here, is one of the reasons I’m worried about the “high school is fair game” precedent. Yes: sexual assault is an exceptional case. But making the case that 17 is within a normal investigation will lead to data-mining of every nominee’s childhood for more than that. https://t.co/zv7ggtHJwq
— Tom Nichols (@RadioFreeTom) September 17, 2018
But what does such alleged sexually assaultive behavior say about a person’s adult character and inner moral compass — which are obviously important aspects to consider when it comes to making a SCOTUS appointment? And does such an incident deserve to be given full weight when the person in question, now in his 50s, was just 17 at the time?
Laurence Steinberg, a professor of psychology at Temple University and an expert on adolescents, says no way.
“There are many reasons to be concerned about the nomination of Judge Brett Kavanaugh for a position on the Supreme Court, but something he may have done as an intoxicated 17-year-old at a party with his classmates isn’t one of them,” Steinberg, author of Age of Opportunity: Lessons From the New Science of Adolescence, wrote in a letter to the editor that he sent to Yahoo Lifestyle right after submitting it for consideration to the New York Times.
“Indeed, the very body on which Judge Kavanaugh would serve, if confirmed, has ruled repeatedly during the past 13 years that people under the age of 18 should not be held to the same standards of criminal responsibility as adults, because teenagers are impulsive, susceptible to peer influence, and still capable of change,” he continued. “Few of us would want to be judged in adulthood on the basis of isolated incidents in which we were involved (or accused of having been involved) as teenagers. I sure wouldn’t.”
Still, some research has shown that an individual’s personality is set for life way before adolescence — even as early as by first grade, according to one study out of the University of California, Riverside, which looked at personality traits including impulsiveness over a span of 40 years. Another, more recent study, found that that most people stay true to their intrinsic morals, good or bad, when it comes to day-to-day choices. “Using naturally observed, everyday behaviors and self-reports of moral decision-making, we demonstrate that one’s morality is stable,” said one of the lead authors, Kathryn Bollich of Washington University.
But things do get a bit trickier, as Steinberg notes, when talking about the moral compass of a still-developing teen.
“There are a number of things to consider. On one hand, the teen brain is not fully developed,” Connecticut-based psychologist Barbara Greenberg, who has an expertise in adolescents, tells Yahoo Lifestyle. The part that’s not fully developed — and won’t be until at least a person’s mid-20s — is the frontal cortex, Greenberg says, which helps a person regulate emotions, make good decisions, and control impulses. “And so, during your teens, you make bad decisions,” she says. “However, most teens do not go on to sexually assault another teen. … If a teen does something like yells at a parent, slams a door, or tries drugs, we can attribute it to the teen brain. But sexual assault? No. I think the teen bears responsibility. It’s an atypical behavior.”
She adds, “If somebody does something characterized by aggression and disrespect for humanity, that goes far beyond the teenage brain. Most teens don’t do that type of thing.”
In order to more fully assess the Kavanaugh incident, it’s important to look beyond that one night, and into behavior patterns, notes Greenberg. Echoing that is Darcia Narvaez, a professor of psychology at the University of Notre Dame who has written extensively on morality, including in her book, Neurobiology and the Development of Human Morality: Evolution, Culture, and Wisdom.
“I think a nice kid can be egged on to do things they wouldn’t normally do, whether by drinking alcohol or by peer pressure,” Narvaez tells Yahoo Lifestyle. But “I would be worried about a person behaving [as Kavanaugh is alleged]. There’s something not quite reassuring, and it casts some doubt on his character. … The behavior he allegedly did indicates an egregious sense of male privilege and superiority, and that would come from family and peer group culture. So that is worrisome for someone put into a position that will judge the benefits and burdens of living together as fellow citizens.”
But bottom line, Narvaez adds: “We need more information. One incident is not enough to determine a person’s character.”
Read more from Yahoo Lifestyle:
• ‘You’re a repulsive human’: Donald Trump Jr. receives harsh criticism after seemingly mocking Kavanaugh’s sexual assault accuser on Instagram
• Donald Trump Jr. shared vacation photos, and people are wondering if he’s boycotting Nike
• Kathy Griffin shares savage response to Donald Trump Jr. and his new girlfriend’s Instagram photo
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