13 Cross Training Exercises Runners Can Do At Home

·4 min read

This article originally appeared on Trail Runner

Running can be an amazing way to support your mind, body, overall health, and even community. But like any exercise, running also has a cost. Like other aerobic activities, it's catabolic, meaning it demands more oxygen and breaks down your muscles. Lots of catabolic exercise over time decreases muscle mass, lowers your metabolic rate, and can even lead to injury.

If you're looking to decrease your injury risk, increase your stamina and speed, and even boost your metabolism, don't quit! Instead, add to your fitness. The straightforward solution is strength-based cross-training exercises for runners.

But if you don't have access to a gym, that's still no problem. Follow along as we share a version of the top lower-body and core-strengthening exercises that you can do anywhere -- no special equipment necessary.

13 Essential Cross-Training Exercises for Runners

Muscle Group: Gluteus Maximus

The gluteus maximus is your major running power generator, as well as your low back and knee protector. Strengthen it by selecting from these exercises:

  1. Stepstool or Park Bench Step-Ups

  2. Suitcase Squats (Hold a weighted object in each hand, then lower into a squat)

  3. Hip Thrusts (Upper back on a chair)

RELATED: Here’s How To Maximize Your Glutes

Muscle Group: Hamstrings

Hamstrings are the assistants for your gluteus maximus. They are essential for running speed. Strengthen them by selecting one of the following exercises:

  1. Hip Bridges

  2. Single-Leg Deadlifts (with any weighted object)

  3. Kettlebell Swings (with a water jug)

cross training for runners
Squats are a great cross training exercise for runners: pistol squats add an extra challenge and also help improve balance. (Photo: Pavigym Prama/Unsplash)

Muscle Group: Quadriceps

Taking the stress off your knees for the repetition involved in running requires strong quads. Select from the following exercises:

  1. Heels-Elevated Squat (Put books or another similar object under your heels.)

  2. Wall Sits (Hold for time instead of doing reps.)

  3. Goblet Squats (Hold a water jug at the center of your chest.)

RELATED: Runner’s Knee? Tight Hips? Here’s How To Address Common Upper Leg Injuries

Muscle Group: Low Back

Your low back is the link between your core and legs. Strength and efficiency here increase speed, power, and stability. Try one of the following exercises:

  1. Superman

  2. Straight-Leg Hip Bridge with Feet Elevated (Use a sturdy chair.)

  3. Bird Dog

cross training exercises for runners
Supermans help build upper back strength and improve your posture. (Photo: LOGAN WEAVER | @LGNWVR/Unsplash)

Muscle Group: Side Core

Your obliques and gluteus medius connect the front and back sides of your core. You can actually target both of them in a single do-anywhere exercise:

The Side Hip Bridge (aka Side Plank on Knees)

When you do this exercise, aim for hold time instead of reps. Start with 10 seconds, and gradually work up to 90 seconds over several weeks or months.

RELATED: Strength Train For Better Downhill Running

Next Steps

Now that you've got the top cross-training exercises for runners on your radar, you need a program!

Follow these steps to build your program:

  1. Pick one exercise from each muscle category.

  2. If the exercise is new to you, start with no external load. Build up to 3 sets of 20.

  3. Once you can do 20 reps with good form, find household objects to increase the load to the point that you sense muscle fatigue at 12-15 reps. Then challenge yourself to complete 3 sets of 15.

  4. Once you achieve step 3, add more external load. Aim for 3 sets of 8-12.

  5. Once you achieve step 4, you are ready for a new program!

Repeat the process, selecting different exercises. Changing your cross training exercises each month keeps you getting stronger, while minimizing wear and tear on your joints, ligaments and tendons.

Your turn! Take five minutes to build your program so it's ready for your cross-training days. Then, save this post so you know how to build your cross-training program each month. Even better, share this post with a runner friend; you can even help each other design programs to enhance your muscle strength.

This story originally appeared on Oxygen.

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