How to Solve the Problem of Kids Getting Left in Hot Cars
Infant, not left unattended, in a car. Photo by Getty Images
The tragic case of Cooper Harris— the 22-month-old Georgia boy left to die in a sweltering SUV in June — has its own unique plot twists. But it has still highlighted the massive problem of tots being forgotten in vehicles, where they are dying of heat stroke at alarming rates: At least 44 children died in 2013, according to data compiled by researchers at San Francisco State University. And so far this year that number is already up to 17. It seems like the kind of tragic situation that should be able to be prevented with a simple warning system — or at least a complex, technological one. Turns out such devices do exist — such as a smartphone-synched car seat, as well as wireless proximity sensors, both of which sound alarms when babies are left alone. It’s just they’ve been deemed to be not all that lifesaving.
“Across different evaluations, the devices were inconsistent and unreliable in their performance,” concluded Kristy Arbogast, director of engineering at the Center for Injury Research and Prevention at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, in a 2012 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) report on such technologies. Still, while Arbogast has not re-evaluated the products since then, she says there’s a problem with the basic nature of these devices.
“The larger issue is that they are all child-restraint based technologies,” she told Yahoo Health, meaning that parents are alerted only if the kids are buckled into their seats. “And while kids in their restraints represent a meaningful number of these tragedies, they don’t represent all of them.” In many other past cases, for example, the children either entered an unlocked car to play and became trapped or were intentionally left in the car by caregivers running errands.
The NHTSA also downplays the power of such warning devices. “While technology-based reminders may prevent some instances, concerns about reliability and establishing a false sense of security lead us to believe eliminating these deaths requires education, vigilance, and personal responsibility,” the NHTSA said in a statement to Yahoo Health. It stresses that the best line of defense against hot-car tragedies is public education, and, to that end, just launched its third year of “Where’s Baby? Look Before You Lock,” a consumer education and awareness campaign.
“Even great parents can forget a child in the back seat, but caregivers who are unaccustomed to transporting children are especially prone to forgetting,” the literature notes. It also offers facts about hot cars — for example: a car can heat up by 20 degrees in just 10 minutes, cracking a window does little to keep the car cool, and a child’s body temperature can rise up to five times faster than that of an adult’s (with death assured at a temperature of 107).
It also includes tips on how bystanders can help rescue a kid trapped a sweltering car — as was the case in both Texas and Georgia recently. “Don’t be afraid to act,” the campaign says, assuring that states have Good Samaritan laws to protect strangers from interfering during an emergency. “If the child is not responsive and appears in great distress,” it advises, “attempt to get into the car to assist the child, even if that means breaking a window.” Further, it notes, “If the child is in distress due to heat, get the child out of the car as quickly as possible. Cool the child rapidly (not in an ice bath) by spraying the child with cool water.”