Investors like to track the portfolios of big-time fund managers. But these gurus have different investing styles and use different strategies.
So what are the specific traits that successful investors all have in common?
David Rubenstein — billionaire co-founder and co-chairman of The Carlyle Group — is coming out with a new book How to Invest: Masters on the Craft that seeks to answer the question.
To write the book, Rubenstein spent years interviewing some of the most prominent figures on Wall Street, including Ray Dalio, Larry Fink, Ron Baron, and Stanley Druckenmiller.
Rubenstein finds that these investing legends do share a lot of traits. They tend to come from middle-class families, are good at math, like to read, and like to be in control.
But the most useful finding in terms of helping your own investing? They’re all largely contrarian.
“They are really willing to go against conventional wisdom, which is what makes them great,” Rubenstein tells CNBC. “If you want with conventional wisdom, you presumably are like everybody else.”
Mitt Romney says a billionaire tax will trigger demand for these two physical assets — get in now before the super-rich swarm
You could be the landlord of Walmart, Whole Foods and Kroger (and collect fat grocery store-anchored income on a quarterly basis)
What do Ashton Kutcher and a Nobel Prize-winning economist have in common? An investing app that turns spare change into a diversified portfolio
Making billions by being contrarian
Rubenstein illustrates his point with two examples.
The first one is about billionaire hedge fund manager John Paulson.
“John Paulson made a famous trade where he kind of went against what other people thought was possible to do with the big mortgage trade, the short, and he made roughly $20 billion on that,” Rubenstein says.
Then there’s the story of Michael Novogratz, who’s now the CEO of blockchain-focused fund giant Galaxy Investment Partners.
“Mike Novogratz got into crypto very early when people thought that was terrible. He made a lot of money in that. It's obviously come down but he still made a lot of money and still holds a lot of crypto.”
Rubenstein has gone against conventional wisdom himself.
He started a private equity firm in Washington, D.C. when people advised against it because “Washington is a government city.” However, he made the firm successful “with the help of a lot of others.”
The next big opportunity?
To go against conventional wisdom, you have to know what conventional wisdom is.
Rubenstein suggests that right now, the conventional wisdom is that the economy is close to entering a recession, the Fed will continue to hike interest rates, and that upside in the stock market could be limited.
He notes how today’s conventional wisdom suggests “it’s not likely to be a lot of equity upside in technology stocks or crypto.”
Tech stocks have been hit hard this year. While the S&P 500 is down 17% in 2022, the tech-centric Nasdaq Composite plunged a more painful 25%.
The crypto world is in an even tougher situation. Bitcoin, the world’s largest cryptocurrency, is down a staggering 60% year to date.
So it’s what you should do if you decide to go against the herd.
“If you're now bullish on crypto or you're bullish on technology, now's the time to get in, and maybe a year from now you'll look very smart,” Rubenstein says.
Like most things in life, people that succeed in investing tend to work really hard.
“There's nobody nine to five, just kind of coming in late, leaving early,” Rubenstein says. “No, these are workaholics.”
It’s about more than just money. Rubenstein points out that these people have already made it and are worth billions, but they still work hard because they love what they do.
“For these people, investing is not work — it’s pleasure,” he explains. “And if they weren't making a lot of the enormous amounts of money that they were making, they'd still do it.”
What to read next
Warren Buffett likes these 2 investment opportunities outside of the stock market
'Imagine you are laid off’: Suze Orman's tough-love tips to prepare for the recession ahead
This article provides information only and should not be construed as advice. It is provided without warranty of any kind.