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From its birth 50 years ago, hip-hop has spread throughout Europe and challenged outdated ideals of racial and ethnic identity

  • Rapper Eko Fresh performs during a fundraising concert in Hamburg, Germany, on Dec. 6, 2022. Georg Wendt/Getty ImagesHis name is Alpha Diallo, and in his 2016 song “I am at home,” the French rapper makes clear who and what he is. “I am Black,” he sings, “Proud to be French of Guinean origin.” Known as Black M, Diallo, 38, is one of many African, Caribbean and Middle Eastern immigrants throughout Europe who use hip-hop to advance racial and economic justice. In doing so, they are keeping their mu
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