Fund managers are prioritizing new deals over add-ons
34% are paying higher multiples
Nearly 60% of large funds are evaluating de-SPACs and IPOs as exits
CHICAGO, October 26, 2021--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Private equity fund managers are accelerating deal timelines in an effort to win bids, and more than half say uncovering risk during due diligence is a main challenge to closing deals, according to BDO’s Fall 2021 Private Capital Pulse Survey.
The findings of the survey, which polled 200 U.S. private equity fund managers, underscore the frenzied state of deal making. Forty-two percent of fund managers say they are directing the most capital to new deals (up from 19% a year ago and 26% in the spring) and deal flow drivers are up across the board. Meanwhile, their pursuit of add-on acquisitions has fallen to 16% from 24% a year ago and 29% in the spring.
"To compensate for the slowdown in deal activity at the beginning of the pandemic, fund managers are racing to put committed capital to work and get deals done," said Scott Hendon, Co-Leader of BDO’s National Private Equity practice. "Everything from private company sales to corporate divestitures is driving more deal flow. Add to that a healthy dose of external influences, such as a potential capital gains tax rate increase and a limited number of attractive targets to absorb all the dry powder on the sidelines, and you have a healthy amount of M&A deal activity—and competition—to contend with."
Among the fund managers who identified a capital gains tax increase as the tax change they’re most concerned about, 59% said that in this competitive climate, they were accelerating the deal process to get to deal close more quickly. Moving faster to deal close is a top strategy among all fund managers to win bids, tying at 49% with highlighting industry or sector specialization, a differentiation tactic that has been on the upswing.
Concurrently, while they are positioning themselves to accelerate deal timing, 53% of fund managers say risk exposure uncovered during due diligence remains the top challenge to closing deals, followed by increased competition from other buyers (48%) and gaps between buyer/seller expectations (46%).
"Risk is top of mind for fund managers—not just during due diligence but throughout the holding period," said Verenda Graham, Co-Leader of BDO’s National Private Equity Practice. "More funds are prioritizing cyber security concerns, for example, to remove risk that can discount the value of an asset at exit. Given the intensity of competition and high multiples, risk mitigation will be crucial to ensuring an investment’s value proposition."
Top challenges to closing deals
Risk exposure uncovered during due diligence
Increased competition from other buyers
Gaps between buyer/seller valuation expectations
Lack of transparency, including access to management team or complete financial information
Supply chain disruption
Lack of bandwidth among legacy and other vendors
Lack of internal resources/bandwidth/talent
Key drivers of deal flow
Private company sales and capital raises retained the top spot as the key driver of deal flow (56%) and has shown a steady increase since last fall (45%) and earlier this spring (50%). Succession planning took the number two spot this fall (50%), followed by public to private transactions (45%).
To be competitive in this deal market, fund managers are also laying out more capital: 34% say they are paying higher multiples to win bids. Higher multiples, in turn, are putting pressure on the ability to generate returns.
As a result, fund managers are using a combination of strategies to extract value from their investments, with the top tactics being:
Implementing new technology and digital capabilities (57%)
Adopting more sophisticated pricing strategies/identifying and launching more sales growth initiatives earlier in the holding period (50%)
Creatively managing cash flow across the portfolio to unlock cash from working capital (49%)
Identifying and implementing supply chain efficiencies (41%) is another lever they are pulling.
"In this competitive climate, fund managers have become increasingly focused on deploying a combination of operational initiatives strategically to generate value post-acquisition, and many are revolving around supply chain efficiencies," said John Krupar, Partner and National Leader of BDO’s Operational Value Creation practice. "This attention to creating value will ultimately drive better results related to EBIDTA, cash flow and assurance in the exit of a portfolio company."
Fund managers from large firms* are more likely to say they are identifying and implementing supply chain efficiencies (52% vs. 30% for small firms 44% for mid-sized firms). They are also more focused on cost efficiencies than their smaller counterparts: 56% say they are creatively managing cash flow, tying with 56% who say they are adopting more sophisticated pricing strategies.
Leveraging technology as part of post-M&A integration is also increasing in importance. Organizations of different sizes are looking to technology as one of the core ways to boost performance improvement, which fund managers say is their top post-M&A challenge (43%), followed by technology/ERP integration and optimization (39%) and operational improvements (38%).
Exit strategies: More fund managers weighing IPOs and SPACs
In private equity deals, dispositions historically have favored strategic buyers and other funds. However, given the performance of the public markets, 58% of large fund managers say their exit strategies over the last 18 months have shifted to include greater consideration of a special purpose acquisition company (SPAC) or initial public offering (IPO), compared to 33% among mid-size funds and 28% among small funds.
On average, nearly half (49%) of respondents say they’re placing more scrutiny on paths to exit during consideration of a potential target. This is followed closely by fine-tuning their exit strategies throughout the holding period (45%). Broken down by assets under management (AUM), these two strategies are a top priority for both mid-sized funds and small funds.
Private equity’s challenges to adopting ESG
Integrating environmental, social, and governance (ESG) criteria was at the top of limited partners’ list of priorities in the spring, and as funds seek to follow through to meet investors’ expectations, they are finding challenges across the board.
On average, fund managers are finding that adopting ESG goals and objectives that drive value creation is the greatest challenge, though the fact that the range of all responses is somewhat narrow (24% to 35%) indicates the ESG/investor landscape is still emerging. Fund managers recognize the need to incorporate ESG criteria at the portfolio company level as doing so may mitigate challenges at exit that could arise from the lack of a standard reporting framework—having the proper data, systems and reporting mechanisms to successfully integrate ESG criteria and report on it to regulatory bodies and shareholders/stakeholders.
Funds' Biggest Challenges to Integrating ESG
Adopting ESG goals and objectives that drive value creation
Identifying and mitigating material ESG risks
Developing short- and longer-term ESG actions tied to business strategy
Determining a consistent approach and framework for reporting on ESG across our portfolios
Implementing continuous ESG enhancements
Producing transparent and measurable outcomes for LPs/investors
Lack of actionable data and/or resources at the fund level
Ensuring integrity of data and systems for reporting on ESG
Adopting relevant reporting processes, procedures and report formats
Lack of uniformity in standards, reporting and ratings
Additional survey findings:
A potential capital gains tax rate increase was the top tax concern, displacing fears about increased taxation of digital products and services, which took the No. 1 spot among biggest tax change concerns in the spring
Outsourcing is the least-pulled value creation lever but is a rising trend in the industry as fund managers seek to bring down portfolio costs.
*Fund size is defined as having assets under management (AUM) of <$1 billion (small), $1-$3 billion (mid-sized), >$3 billion (large)
BDO’s Fall 2021 Private Capital Pulse Survey is a survey of 200 private equity fund managers at firms in the United States. The survey was conducted by Rabin Research Company, an independent marketing research firm, in August 2021. Download the full survey findings here.
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