By Kathryn Doyle (Reuters Health) - A form of "virtual reality" therapy might help treat alcohol addiction, suggests a preliminary study from South Korea. The study involved only 10 patients with alcohol dependence. But senior researcher Dr. Doug Hyun Han of Chung-Ang University Hospital in Seoul and colleagues think the approach might be promising, in part because it puts patients in situations similar to real life and requires their active participation. Participants first went through a week-long detox program, followed by virtual reality sessions using a 3D-television screen, twice a week for five weeks. During each session, the participants cycled through three virtual realities. One reality was meant to relax them. The second was meant to trigger alcohol cravings in a situation where other people were drinking. The last was meant to make drinking seem unpleasant, by transporting participants to a room where people were getting sick from alcohol. The participants also drank a vomit-tasting drink during the aversion simulation. Areas of the brain thought to be sensitive to alcohol showed changes after repeated exposure to the three different virtual realities, researchers found. Before the therapy, the researchers compared participants’ brain metabolism to that in a comparison group of people without alcohol dependence, using positron emission tomography and computed tomography scans. The alcohol-dependent group had more metabolic activity in the limbic system of the brain, which is tied to emotions and behavior. But on brains scans done after five weeks of therapy, metabolic activity had decreased in this area for the alcohol-dependent participants, according to a report in the July issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. On subjective and objective measures, alcohol craving was reduced after the aversive scene, Han told Reuters Health. But there will need to be more research into the long-term results of virtual reality therapy, and testing whether this method may work for other kinds of addiction, he said in an email. “Although this pilot study seems to indicate that virtual reality may produce some changes in brain metabolism, this is not yet studied as a treatment approach,” said Dr. Bernard Le Foll, head of the Alcohol Research and Treatment Clinic, Addiction Medicine Services, Ambulatory Care and Structured Treatments at the Center for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto, Canada. Le Foll was not involved with the new paper. “Much more research work needs to be done to be able to determine if ‘virtual reality’ treatment will have a place in the treatment of alcohol use disorder,” in western countries, he told Reuters Health by email. Currently, behavioral therapy combined with pharmaceuticals like naltrexone, acamprosate or topiramate is the recommended treatment for alcohol use disorder, and can make a big difference for patients, he said. SOURCE: http://bit.ly/1Csuj3v Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, online June 24, 2015
Tom Brady is looking back at special times with the people closest to him, which include ex Bridget Moynahan, with whom he shares son Jack
Tom Brady announced Wednesday morning that he's ending his NFL career "for good"
- NBC Sports Philadelphia
Eagles offensive lineman Josh Sills has been indicted on rape and kidnapping charges in Ohio.
Greene's explanation revealed "what really motivated" serial liar Santos to step down from House committees, the MSNBC anchor said.
- The Daily Reporter
Matthew Jackson, 33, will spend a minimum of 10-30 years in prison for what prosecutor Zack Stempien called, “the most significant domestic violence case that I've ever seen.”
A legendary legal crusader is coming back to TV, with Kathy Bates playing a new version of an old favorite.
- Bengals Wire
Joe Burrow and Patrick Mahomes met at midfield after the game.
- The Daily Beast
Via ABCMyPillow CEO Mike Lindell made his triumphant return to Jimmy Kimmel’s late-night comedy program on Tuesday evening.But given that he appeared from within the confines of an arcade claw machine, it was ultimately even more demoralizing than the first time around.“To help him overcome his debilitating fear of machines, we have installed him inside a claw machine,” Kimmel quipped as he opened the segment. “I don’t know why I decided you should be in there,” he added before stating he was su
- Fort Worth Star-Telegram
Neither CBS Sports nor Tony Romo has commented on the social media fervor as of Tuesday morning.
- The Daily Beast
Scott EisenMAGA-boosting radio host John Fredericks has turned on Donald Trump, telling the former president in no uncertain terms on Tuesday that “nobody cares” about his petty media feuds and “grievances” anymore.Fredericks, a longtime supporter of the twice-impeached ex-president, largely took issue with how Trump has seemingly ignored political issues while focusing his attention on far-fetched lawsuits and complaints about “fake news.” Additionally, Fredericks grumbled about Trump privately
Priscilla Presley's Son Navarone Garcia Breaks His Silence: 'People Know About Me, But They Don't Know Me'
The musician discusses life with his famous mom, his recovery from fentanyl addiction and discovering the truth about the background of his father, producer Marco Garibaldi, in this week's PEOPLE
The "Late Show" host dropped a very unrefreshing refresher on the former president.
- Business Insider
Ben Crump says the only known white Memphis police officer relieved of duty in Tyre Nichols' death pulled him from car and hit him with a Taser — yet had his identity protected
Memphis police put Preston Hemphill, the only known white cop involved in Tyre Nichols' death, on leave. Five Black officers were charged.
- Fox News
The CDC is warning that a brand of eye drops may be linked to a bacterial infection that has affected at least 50 people in 11 states. One person has died.
27 People On Twitter Who Didn't Hold Back Their Feelings About Jonah Hill And Lauren London's New Rom-Com "You People"
"It was a beautiful film that tackled so many aspects — identity, culture, race, and yes relationships."
- Kansas City Star
“You could hear her crying down the hall,” Nicole DeHaven said. “They had to hold her back. She kept saying, ‘I want to go home. I want to go home.’”
Jamie Lee Curtis, 64, posted a throwback topless magazine cover photo, saying “people post their minds,” and were “weird” about “older people” and “sexuality.”
- CBS News
CBS News visits a front-line bunker where Ukraine's drone warriors watch in real time as waves of Russians "advance over the bodies of their fallen soldiers."
- Giants Wire
Eli Manning says his daughter, Ava, learned some new words and hand gestures while attending the Giants-Eagles playoff game in Philly.
Fresh off wearing a red wrap blazer with a plunging neckline yesterday in London, Kate Middleton tried a cream bodycon dress while visiting the University of Leeds.