Links between Jeffrey Epstein and the great and good of the British establishment, are back under the spotlight as the disgraced billionaire faces a fresh raft of underage sex charges.
As part of the new case being brought against the Wall Street financier, investigators in the United States are understood to be once again examining his relationships with a string of high profile figures on both sides of the Atlantic, including his British former girlfriend, Ghislaine Maxwell - daughter of the late media baron, Robert.
Epstein, 66, a close friend of Prince Andrew, was sentenced to 13 months in custody in 2008, after pleading guilty to procuring a 14-year-old girl for prostitution.
But the sentence - which was part of a controversial plea bargain - was condemned by many as too lenient and even potentially unlawful, and last week he was arrested again and charged with running a "vast network" of underage girls for sex.
The indictment alleges that Epstein enticed girls, some as young as 14, to his homes in New York and Florida between 2002 and 2005, where they were paid to perform massages and sex acts on him.
It is also alleged he conspired with others "including employees and associates" to procure youngsters.
Miss Maxwell, who began a relationship with Epstein after moving to New York following her father's death in 1991, is credited with introducing him to a string of influential British establishment figures, including Prince Andrew and his ex-wife Sarah Ferguson.
The vast extent of Epstein's influential social circle was revealed in 2015 when his address book was published following a court hearing in a civil case.
In the book were contacts for world leaders, business tycoons and even rock stars.
Epstein included Presidents Trump and Clinton among his friends and repeatedly lent the latter his private jet to travel overseas.
Flight logs showed that the former US leader took at least 26 trips aboard Epstein’s Boeing 727, between 2001 to 2003.
Among the British figures who featured were Tony Blair, the former Prime Minister, and Mick Jagger, the Rolling Stone.
According to the contacts book, Epstein had 16 separate phone numbers for the Duke of York, as well as 18 numbers for his ex-wife Sarah Ferguson.
In a magazine interview published in 2002, Mr Trump described Epstein as a "terrific guy" adding: "I've known Jeff for 15-years. He's a lot of fun to be with. It is even said that he likes beautiful women as much as I do and many of them are on the younger side. No doubt about it - Jeffrey enjoys his social life."
But in recent years Mr Trump has sought to distance himself from Epstein and banned him from his Mar-a-Lago resort after criminal charges were filed against him.
There was never any suggestion of wrongdoing by any of those who featured in his address contacts book.
However, as investigators continue to probe the extensive claims made against Epstein, his influential friends, contacts and associates may be questioned about his lifestyle
The nature of Epstein's relationship with Miss Maxwell also became the focus of intense scrutiny in 2009, when one of his victims accused Miss Maxwell of being complicit in the alleged offences against her.
In a civil claim brought against Epstein, Virginia Giuffre - who was previously known as Roberts - claimed Miss Maxwell had recruited her to work as a masseuse for Epstein, when she was 17, after spotting her working as a changing-room assistant at Mar-a-Lago Club in Palm Beach.
Ms Giuffre claimed after agreeing to work for Epstein she was paid to engage in sexual activity with him and his friends, including, she alleged a number of unnamed high profile international figures.
In 2001 she posed for a photograph with Prince Andrew, while Miss Maxwell stood in the background.
In 2015 court papers lodged in the United States revealed a claim by Ms Giuffre that she had slept with the Duke of York around the time that the picture was taken.
In a strongly worded statement a spokesman for the Prince said: "It is emphatically denied that the Duke of York had any form of sexual contact or relationship with Virginia Roberts. Any claim to the contrary is false and without foundation.”
The Prince also came in for criticism however after being photographed with Epstein in 2011 following his release from prison.
In the wake of the row the prince stepped down from his role as UK trade envoy.
Epstein was arrested last Saturday as his private jet touched down in New York following a trip to France.
Following the arrest, Miss Giuffre - who now lives in Australia - issued a statement in which she said: "I am deeply pleased that federal prosecutors in New York have arrested Jeffrey Epstein and are on the case in a serious way."
Her lawyer, David Boies, added: "She has been subjected to years of verbal abuse by Epstein and his confederates to try to discredit her. This is real vindication, she couldn’t be happier."
Epstein has pleaded not guilty to the latest charges but could face up to 40 years in prison if convicted.