US President Donald Trump speaks in Nashville, Tennessee on March 15, 2017
Washington (AFP) - President Donald Trump is set to propose drastic cuts to America's foreign aid and environmental programs in a security-heavy first budget blueprint to be released Thursday.
In a plan designed to translate bold campaign promises into dollar and cent commitments, the Republican leader is expected to propose steep cuts in State Department funding.
That could be a harbinger of reductions in foreign aid and funding to UN agencies, with knock-on effects around the world.
The Pentagon is expected to be the major winner with a nearly 10 percent boost -- shoveling more cash toward a defense budget already greater than that of the next seven nations combined.
Trump's broad-brush proposal covers only a fraction of the $3.8 trillion federal budget -- which is dominated by healthcare, pension and other baked-in costs.
The text will be heavily revised and fleshed out by Congress, before a full budget is released around May.
In that sense, the plan is as much a political statement as a fiscal outline: a fact not lost on the White House.
- Playing to the base -
The budget is a signal to Trump's supporters that he is a "man of action" and not a "typical politician."
Trump is looking to rally his base, amid multiple controversies over his Twitter outbursts, Russian meddling in the election that brought him to power and a simmering rift with Congressional Republicans over healthcare reform.
According to Gallup, Trump has approval ratings of 40 percent, a low for any modern president weeks into his tenure.
But security has been a major vote winner. An Economist/YouGov poll found that 51 percent of Republicans believe the United States will be safer from terrorism at the end of his term.
The budget may also be seen as a signal to the world that Trump's United States may be less engaged and will put "America first."
Diplomats and some former defense officials have already warned that less spending on things like democracy promotion and humanitarian aid will spell more trouble, and military spending, down the road.
More than 120 retired generals and admirals recently signed a letter warning "that many of the crises our nation faces do not have military solutions alone."
They cited Jim Mattis, now defense secretary, as once saying "if you don't fully fund the State Department, then I need to buy more ammunition."
- 'Drastic cuts' -
The Environmental Protection Agency, which helps monitor air, water and other standards, is also likely to see significant cuts.
That is in keeping with Trump's promise to gut regulation.
On Wednesday, Trump traveled to Michigan, the home of the American auto industry -- and announced he will freeze targets to limit future vehicle emissions.
Trump's top advisor Steve Bannon has promised a broader "'deconstruction of the administrative state."
But Trump's plan is already coming under fire from Democratic lawmakers.
"It will prescribe drastic cuts in many of the programs and agencies that keep America safe, whether it's environmental programs, whether it is food safety, drug safety," said Kentucky representative John Yarmuth.
The ranking member on the House budget committee speculated that the proposal could be a negotiating position, an opening salvo in Trump's "art of the deal."
"If they want to negotiate with the health and safety and future of the American people, then that's pretty cynical," he said.