Sweden, which refused to implement a coronavirus lockdown, has so far avoided a mass outbreak. Now it's bracing for a potential surge in deaths.


People walk in the main street of the old town in Stockholm, Sweden, on March 25, 2020.


  • Sweden took the unusual step of not implementing a lockdown to halt the spread of the coronavirus.

  • The country urged people to practice social distancing, but left places like shops and restaurants open, breaking the model followed by countries across Europe and around the world.

  • Sweden has 477 deaths from the virus so far, but Stefan Löfven, the prime minister, is now warning that thousands will die from COVID-19 and the parliament may bring in more restrictive measures.

  • Some experts have questioned the country's strategy, but Lofven appeared to reject criticism of it. Sweden's chief epidemiologist maintained that the best strategy is simply asking people to stay apart.

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Sweden, which broke international trends and didn't implement a lockdown in its bid to slow the coronavirus, has so far avoided a mass outbreak. But it's now bracing for a potential surge.

As European countries moved into strict lockdown mode — ranging from the closure of non-essential businesses, to police-enforced orders for people not to leave their homes — Sweden carried on almost as normal.

The country moved to protect the most vulnerable while doing little to slow the virus through the rest of the population as most workplaces, restaurants, and bars were still open.

People have been urged to practice social distancing and avoid traveling to help the slow the virus' spread. The government only restricted social gatherings to a maximum of 50 people, a revision down from 500 people before.

Sweden has not seen a mass outbreak like some other European countries like Italy and Spain. But it has not completely avoided the virus: As of Tuesday morning, the country has reported just over 7,200 cases and 477 deaths.

'We will count the dead in thousands'

On Saturday, Prime Minister Stefan Löfven warned that the coronavirus may have spread slower in Sweden than in many other countries, but that did not mean it could avoid its worst effects.

stefan lofven

Swedish Prime Minister Stefan Löfven.

Dan Kitwood/Getty

"We have chosen a strategy of trying to flatten the curve and not get too dramatic a process, because then the healthcare system probably will not cope," he told Sweden's Dagens Nyheter newspaper, according to The Guardian.

"But it also means that we will have more seriously ill people who need intensive care, we will have significantly more deaths. We will count the dead in thousands."

Sweden's parliament may also introduce more restrictive measures, which could include shutting transport links, closing shops and restaurants, and putting new limits on public gathering.

People sit in a bar in Stockholm, Wednesday, March 25, 2020. The streets of Sweden's capital are quiet but not deserted. Sweden has some of the most relaxed measures in Europe in the fight against the coronavirus outbreak. So far, only gatherings of over 500 people are banned and elementary and middle schools remain open. The new coronavirus causes mild or moderate symptoms for most people, but for some, especially older adults and people with existing health problems, it can cause more severe illness or death. (AP Photo/David Keyton)

People sit in a bar in Stockholm on March 25, 2020, when many other European countries have implemented strict lockdowns.

Associated Press

But Löfven appeared to reject the idea that Sweden's unusual strategy was at fault, saying people "should not dramatize" the differences between the approaches.

"We're doing it in a somewhat different way," he said, adding that "sometimes that is because we are in different phases" of the outbreak.

Anders Tegnell, Sweden's chief epidemiologist, also defended the country's strategy.

"We think we've already taken the most important measures," he said. "Stay home if you feel ill, work from home if you can. And we have to ensure that we protect our older fellow citizens."

"You could alter other rules, such as those governing trips to the restaurant or gatherings. But you get the best effect when everyone simply sticks to the basic code of conduct."

Some scientists and health experts have been critical of the country's response, which resembles an earlier plan in the UK that proposed the virus should move through most of the population so that they could build up a "herd immunity."

That plan was abandoned when modelling showed it would have resulted in up to 250,000 deaths.

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