Supreme Court thwarts voter ID law that targeted black voters with 'almost surgical precision'
The United States Supreme Court has quelled an attempt by Republicans in North Carolina to reinstate a controversial voter-identification law that a lower court said targeted African American voters with an “almost surgical precision”.
The Supreme Court declined to hear the appeal following the ruling last year by the 4th US Circuit Court of Appeals, but did not indicate that it had done so based on the merits of the case.
The voter identification law, championed by state Republicans, required people to show photo ID at the polls, reduced the number of early voting days, eliminated same-day registration, and got rid of out-of-precinct voting.
Chief Justice John Roberts, in a statement that accompanied the court’s ruling to not reinstate the law, said that uncertainty around who was actually able to file an appeal on behalf of the state led the court to its decision. Lower courts had agreed with the administration of former President Barack Obama and civil rights groups who argued that the law violated the Constitution’s equal protection clause and the 1965 Voting Rights Act, a landmark piece of legislation that prohibited racial discrimination in voting.
Although the law was stopped last year, it preceded a decline in early voter turnout by African Americans in the 2016 election. Black early voter turnout dropped by 8.7 per cent compared to 2012 rates, or about 66,000 votes. It wasn’t clear if a lack of enthusiasm may have led to that decline, but other data from southern states with racial voting data did not show a similar decline during that time.
The North Carolina law was enacted in 2013 following a Supreme Court decision that eliminated the Voting Rights Act requirement that states in the South with histories of voter discrimination — including North Carolina — receive approval from the federal government before changing voting rules.