By Estelle Shirbon LONDON (Reuters) - A complex legal dispute involving a transgender woman's pension rights over a period when her gender had not been officially recognized has divided Britain's Supreme Court, which referred the issue on Wednesday to the European Union's top court. Britain voted to leave the EU in a referendum on June 23, but the terms of its exit will take years to negotiate and in the meantime it continues to be subject to EU law. The impact of EU legislation on domestic law was one of the topics of debate in the run-up to the referendum. Pro-Brexit campaigners argued that unaccountable EU judges were chipping away at British sovereignty, while their opponents said EU laws were sensible and had improved human rights protection. The Supreme Court made it clear it required EU guidance to resolve the case of a woman, named only as "MB" in court documents, who was registered as a boy at birth but has lived as a woman since 1991 and had gender reassignment surgery in 1995. MB turned 60 in 2008 and applied for a state pension, which under British law women born before 1950 are entitled to from that age. Men born before 1953 become entitled at the age of 65. MB was turned down because she did not have a full gender recognition certificate, an official document she could not obtain because she remained married to a woman. At the time, same-sex marriage was not legal in Britain. The case echoes a number of legal disputes in the United States over complex issues involving transgender people, including a dispute over bathroom rights that has reached the U.S. Supreme Court and received extensive media coverage. In Britain, the laws affecting MB's circumstances have since changed. Same-sex marriage became legal in 2014 and a full gender recognition certificate can now be given to a married transgender applicant with the consent of their spouse. But that did not change MB's situation and she was told she could not be treated as a woman for state pension purposes and would only become eligible when she turned 65. MB took legal action against the government, arguing that its approach to her case breached an EU directive on the equal treatment of men and women in matters of social security. Article 4 of that directive says there must be no discrimination on ground of gender either directly, or indirectly by reference to marital or family status. The case went all the way to the Supreme Court, which said it needed help from the Luxembourg-based Court of Justice of the European Union on how to interpret the directive. "The Supreme Court is divided on the question, and in the absence of Court of Justice authority directly in point, considers that it cannot finally resolve the appeal without a reference to the Court of Justice," it said in a ruling. (Editing by Stephen Addison)
- Yahoo Canada Style
The Toronto-based social media star died last week, according to a post made by her parents.
Catherine Zeta-Jones Has a Refreshing Take on Why She Doesn't Want Her Marriage to Michael Douglas to Be 'Relationship Goals'
Catherine Zeta-Jones loves being married to Michael Douglas, but she doesn’t want the pressure of their marriage to become a “relationship goals” hashtag. The 53-year-old actress is here to remind everyone that they have issues just like any other couple — life is not always sunshine and roses. “I think it’s more about not thinking, for […]
Buckingham Palace staffer who resigned over racist comments once reportedly said Harry and Meghan's marriage would 'end in tears'
Lady Susan Hussey resigned after reportedly asking a Black charity founder "where they really came from" multiple times during a royal event.
- AZCentral | The Arizona Republic
TikToker Katie Sigmond recorded herself hitting a golf ball into Grand Canyon and her club flew in after it. Here are the crimes she was charged with.
"I laughed involuntarily. His comment was so absurd and insulting that I felt my brain separate from my body, like I wasn’t there."
The couple's three-day trip comes amid fresh racism allegations for Britain's royal institution.
Kim Kardashian and Kanye West have officially cemented their “single parent” status and wiped their hands clean from one another as spouses. The Blast reported on November 29th that Kanye and Kim, along with their respective legal teams, reached a settlement agreement regarding the custody of their four children and the division of properties. Kim […]
UPDATED with family statement: Deadline has confirmed that the NYPD has identified a body found dumped outside a Bronx sheet-metal manufacturing factory Monday as Frank Vallelonga Jr., a sometime actor most notable for his role in 2018’s Green Book. He was 60. Vallelonga’s family said Thursday that he died November 28. In Best Picture Oscar […]
- WSB Cox articles
The witness told officials that he overheard someone inside the home state that multiple people were on their way to “have their way with her.”
Amy Robach & Her Husband Are Officially Divorcing After Her Rumored Affair With TJ Holmes—They’ve Been ‘Rocky’ For Years
You may recognize her husband, Andrew Shue, as one of the heartthrobs from "Melrose Place."
Experts fear the consolidation of Kroger and Albertsons could give shoppers even less control over the cost of their groceries.
Is love in the air in Boston, Massachusetts? It’s known as the Cradle of Liberty, and it could potentially lead to a cradle of a different sort for Prince William and Kate Middleton, according to an inside source. The royal couple are reportedly “going with the flow” when it comes to getting pregnant with baby […]
The tweet was removed during an InfoWars broadcast where Ye told Alex Jones, “We got to stop dissing Nazis all the time.”
TikToker shares disappointing reveal of $7,000 custom 'nightmare' wedding dress at her final fitting — 2 months before a 500-person wedding
Ten weeks before her wedding day, Josephine Pepa saw the final product: A "nightmare" she'd spend double the money replacing.
The Trump Org. hopes to beat a corporate tax-fraud rap by invoking a three-word legal loophole and convincing jurors the Trump family knew nothing.
"My first thought was that I have to share this with my mom," local resident Alex Cross, 30, tells PEOPLE of her impromptu exchange with the royal
Move over Stranger Things, there’s a new sheriff in town (not you, Jim Hopper). Tim Burton’s highly anticipated series Wednesday made its official debut on Netflix a few weeks back and it’s already breaking some massive records, and could even potentially surpass Stranger Things 4 in total hours viewed. Netflix Longtime Addams fans get to see the return of the smart and slightly terrifying Wednesday Addams (played by Jenna Ortega), who transfers to the magical institution known as Nevermore Acad
- Fox News
Hakeem Jeffries, House Dems' new leader, said Tara Reade's Biden accusation should be 'investigated seriously'
Democratic Rep. Hakeem Jeffries said in 2020 that Tara Reade’s sexual assault allegation against then-Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden should be investigated.
- The Oprah Magazine
Sharon Stone, 64, shared a topless bikini photo on Instagram, writing: “Gratefully Imperfect on a Perfect Day.” Fans adored the glowing, confident shot.
An elegant pair.