Who is Steven Sotloff, the other U.S. journalist being held by ISIL?

Dylan Stableford, Yahoo News
Yahoo News
Still image from undated video of a masked Islamic State militant speaking next to man purported to be U.S. journalist Steven Sotloff at an unknown location
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REUTERS IS UNABLE TO INDEPENDENTLY VERIFY THE CONTENT OF THIS VIDEO, WHICH HAS BEEN OBTAINED FROM A SOCIAL MEDIA WEBSITE. A masked Islamic State militant speaks next to a man purported to be U.S. journalist Steven Sotloff at an unknown location in this still image from an undated video posted on a social media website. Islamic State insurgents released the video on August 19, 2014 purportedly showing the beheading of U.S. journalist James Foley, who had gone missing in Syria nearly two years ago, and images of Sotloff whose life they said depended on U.S. action in Iraq. The video, titled "A Message to America," was released a day after Islamic State, an al Qaeda offshoot that has overrun large parts of Iraq, threatened to attack Americans "in any place." U.S. officials said they were working to determine its authenticity. REUTERS/Social Media Website via REUTERS TV ( Tags: CIVIL UNREST MEDIA) ATTENTION EDITORS - THIS PICTURE WAS PROVIDED BY A THIRD PARTY. REUTERS IS UNABLE TO INDEPENDENTLY VERIFY THE AUTHENTICITY, CONTENT, LOCATION OR DATE OF THIS IMAGE. FOR EDITORIAL USE ONLY. NOT FOR SALE FOR MARKETING OR ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS. NO SALES. NO ARCHIVES. RECEIVED BY REUTERS, AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS

The family of Steven Sotloff — believed to be the person who appears at the end of an Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant video showing the beheading of fellow American journalist James Foley — is asking the White House to do everything it can to free him.

Sotloff, seen with his head shaved and wearing an orange jumpsuit similar to Foley's, is dragged into the frame by a masked militant, who demands President Barack Obama end military airstrikes against ISIL.

"The life of this American citizen, Obama, depends on your next decision," the unidentified militant says.

In a Facebook message posted on Wednesday, Frank Castle, the boyfriend of Sotloff's sister, asked supporters to sign a petition calling for his release.

"MY GF Lauren Sotloff's brother Steven Sotloff was taken hostage by ISIS on August 04 2013 & up to this point it has been all under wraps," Castle wrote. "People please not only sign the following petition, but PLEASE SHARE soo the more the better. Thank you in advance & pray for his safe return home."

Lauren Sotloff did not immediately return a Facebook message seeking comment.

Steven Sotloff, a freelance journalist from Miami whose work had appeared in Time magazine, Foreign Policy and the Christian Science Monitor, went missing in Aleppo, near the Syrian-Turkish border.

Sotloff's last published piece appears to be a July 2013 column about Egypt ("Opposing Morsi but Defending Democratic Legitimacy") for World Affairs magazine:

As I stumbled over the sandals and the men sleeping next to them at the Raba’a al-Adawiyya mosque in Nasser City, where the Muslim Brotherhood is holding its daily rallies, the beards and headscarves blended into a blurry monochrome pastel. But as I looked closer into a sea of Egyptians that Moses would have been hard pressed to part, one man’s tresses caught my attention. A cross between Don King’s stand-at-attention locks and Julius Erving’s flapping waves, they drew me in like a siren call.

His last piece for Time ("Libya’s New Crisis: A Wave of Assassinations Targeting Its Top Cops") was published in late 2012.

A friend, Ann Marlowe, tweeted that Sotloff "lived in Yemen for years, spoke good Arabic, deeply loved Islamic world.. for this he is threatened with beheading."

According to his LinkedIn profile, Sotloff is a graduate of the University of Central Florida. His Twitter bio says he was last based in Libya; his most recent tweet, on Aug. 3, 2013, is about the Miami Heat.

A few days before, Sotloff tweeted that he had been pepper-sprayed by police in southern Turkey.

Janine di Giovanni, Newsweek's Middle East editor of Newsweek who worked alongside Sotloff in Syria, described him this way:

Sotloff is young and funny and irreverent. He lived in Benghazi, Libya—he actually lived there—one of the few freelance reporters who felt he had to stay there to do his job properly. He is a great storyteller, but he is also smart and committed. A few days after he disappeared, I got some strange private messages from him on Facebook. They turned out to be from the friend he had been with who had found his computer. It was eerie. While Foley’s abduction had gone public — his family had made that decision, believing it would help locate him — Sotloff’s had been quiet. Some of us tried to find information about what happened to him, but it was as if he had simply disappeared off the face of the earth — which he had.

On July 27, 2013, Sotloff posted a photo of Abdelsalam al-Mosmary, a lawyer and prominent Libyan activist, posing with two children in front of a car adorned with Libyan flags (and a New York Yankees decal, placed upside-down) on his Facebook page. The day before, al-Mosmary was killed by a sniper's bullet while leaving a Benghazi mosque.

Sotloff poses with two children in Libya in 2013. (Facebook)
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Sotloff poses with two children in Libya in 2013. (Facebook)

He used Instagram far less frequently. In December 2012, he posted several photos of children from a Syrian refugee camp.

On Wednesday, President Barack Obama said he was “heartbroken” by the beheading of Foley but vowed to press on with U.S. military operations to cut the “cancer” of ISIL out of the Middle East.

“Jim was taken from us in an act of violence that shocks the conscience of the entire world,” Obama said from Martha’s Vineyard, where he is on vacation.

The president did not mention Sotloff by name.

“The United States of America will continue to do what we must do to protect our people," he said. "We will be vigilant and we will be relentless. When people harm Americans anywhere, we do what’s necessary to see that justice is done."

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