A snapshot of the US economy's health, at a glance

The Associated Press
Associated Press

The U.S. economy grew at a lackluster 1.5 percent annual pace from April through June. The economy's other vital signs aren't looking very healthy, either:


Job growth has slowed sharply — to an average of 75,000 a month in the April-June quarter from a robust 226,000 a month in the first three months of 2012. Unemployment has been stuck at 8.2 percent for two straight months. The economy isn't growing fast enough to generate stronger hiring.


Consumers have been holding back, one reason economic growth was so slow in the April-June quarter. Once you adjust for inflation, consumer spending barely grew from March to April — and didn't grow at all from April to May. Spending on autos and other big-ticket durable goods actually fell in May. All this is worrisome because consumer spending accounts for about 70 percent of U.S. economic activity.


The recovery of the housing market has lost some momentum. Most economists think housing is improving but slowly and unevenly. Sales of new and previously occupied homes both fell from May to June. They had been rising, or at least flat, in May and April. The National Association of Realtors' index of sales agreements fell 1.4 percent last month to below a reading considered healthy. But the index is higher than it was a year ago. Builders are more confident and are breaking ground on more homes. Construction of single-family homes rose to a two-year high last month. Mortgage rates are at record lows.


Manufacturing shrank nationwide in June for the first time in three years, the Institute for Supply Management said this month. The group's April and May surveys both showed expansion, but it slowed from April to May. Europe's financial crisis and slower growth in emerging markets such as China and India have reduced demand for U.S. goods.


Business orders that signal investment plans have declined in three of the past four months. So-called core capital goods fell 1.4 percent from May to June. Such goods include computers, equipment and heavy machinery. Orders rose from April to May but declined in the previous two months. The downward trend suggests that businesses are less confident in the economy.


After adjusting for inflation, wages in the private sector grew 0.8 percent from March through June. That was the fastest three-month pace since early 2009. But inflation-adjusted wages are still below where they were when the recession ended in June 2009. Employers haven't had to offer healthy wage increases: In this weak job market, many workers haven't had anywhere else to go.


The stock market has declined slightly, largely because of signs that the economy remains weak and worries about Europe's struggles with government debt, weak banks and stagnant economies. The Dow Jones industrial average has dropped about 1 percent since March 31.