On current trends, that plunge in stocks of global wildlife could extend to two-thirds by 2020, an annual decline of two percent, conservation group WWF and the Zoological Society of London warned in their joint biennial Living Planet report. "This should be a wake-up call to marshal efforts to promote the recovery of these populations," said Ken Norris, director of science at the Zoological Society of London.
Across the world, women now consume nearly as much alcohol as men do, according to a new study. The findings show that the gap between men's and women's drinking habits is closing. This is particularly true for women born in the last 15 to 25 years
Assuming you don’t get caught, taking the first step toward dishonesty can cause you to be more and more dishonest when similar opportunities present themselves in the future. In an experiment we carried out with colleagues Stephanie Lazzaro and Dan Ariely—published in Nature Neuroscience—we gave 80 people the opportunity to lie again and again on a financial task in order to gain money at another person’s expense. This escalation of dishonesty was observed only when participants lied for their own benefit, not when they did so solely for the benefit of others. Outside the laboratory, there are many reasons for why dishonesty may escalate—incentives may become larger or past lies might need to be covered up.
Russia is claiming that the Afghanit active protection system (APS) mounted on Moscow’s powerful new T-14 Armata main battle tanks has been proven effective at intercepting depleted uranium-core armor-piercing fin-stabilized discarding sabot (APFSDS) cannon shells. If Moscow’s claims are accurate, the new Russian active protection system would be a game-changing development in the realm of mechanized warfare. While active protection systems were thought to be effective mostly against incoming anti-tank missiles and rocket propelled grenades, most industry and defense experts had believed that active protection systems were ineffective against kinetic energy (KE) round such as the U.S. Army’s M829A4 120mm APFSDS.
The National Assessment of Educational Progress, or NAEP, is called The Nation's Report Card for good reason; the tests are administered the same way year after year, using the same kind of test booklets, to students across the country. That allows researchers and educators to compare student progress over time. NAEP tests serve as a big research project to benchmark academic achievement in subjects like science, math, reading, writing, civics, economics, geography and U.S. history. Science results were out Thursday for 4th, 8th, and 12th graders. Among seniors, achievement was flat, and performance gaps by race, ethnicity and gender persisted. But fourth- and eighth-graders showed modest progress:
This event will feature more than 40 different speakers from the food and agriculture field. Researchers, farmers, chefs, policymakers, government officials, and students will come together for interactive panels, networking, and delicious food, followed by a day of hands-on activities and opportunities for attendees. Food Tank recently had the opportunity to speak with Fred Kirschenmann, Distinguished Fellow at the Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture and President of the Stone Barns Center for Food and Agriculture, who will be speaking at the summit.
The United States and China appear to be keeping an unusually low profile as they push for more dialogue and cooperation on space exploration. The State Department hosted a new round of space cooperation talks in Washington last week with a delegation led by China’s National Space Administration (CNSA), but U.S. officials didn’t publicly announce the meeting until Monday, via a tersely worded press release that said a third round of civil space dialogue would be held in China next year. CNSA has yet to make any public mention of the talks, which included Pentagon officials and representatives from NASA, the Federal Aviation Administration, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and
The European Union adopted a plan to keep a leading place in the increasingly competitive global space industry by encouraging companies to make use of its cutting-edge satellite data set to become indispensable in areas from producing driverless cars to monitoring climate change. The European Commission, the regulatory arm of the 28-nation EU, wants to promote the creation of industrial space hubs and help start-ups gain a foothold in the region’s space industry. The Space Strategy for Europe also highlights the need for the region to develop autonomous access to space through building its own launchers.
The wreck of a World War I German submarine has been discovered off the coast of Scotland by marine engineers surveying the route of an undersea power cable. Researchers said they think the wreck is one of two German U-boats sunk by British patrol ships in the Irish Sea in 1918 — including one that was supposedly attacked by a sea monster, according to an internet legend. Marine archeologist and historian Innes McCartney, from Bournemouth University in the United Kingdom, said the submarine wreck was in reasonably good shape, considering it has spent almost 100 years on the seafloor at a depth of 340 feet (about 100 meters).
The world's whaling watchdog moved Thursday to curtail Japan's annual whale hunt, conducted under scientific licence but blasted by critics as a commercial meat haul. A resolution on "improving" the review of deadly research programmes, which Japan alone conducts, split the 70-year-old International Whaling Commission (IWC) into familiar camps -- pro- and anti-whaling. It garnered 34 "yes" votes to 17 cast by the camp that includes Japan and commercial whalers Norway and Iceland.
Now that General Electric Co. CEO Jeff Immelt has moved to Boston, he doesn’t want anyone else to leave. Speaking Tuesday night at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute’s Joint Visiting Committee Symposium, which brings together and educates the hospital’s donors and community ambassadors, Immelt said he moved his company to Boston to be immersed in "a sea of ideas." Now he wants to make sure the people behind Boston’s health care ecosystem aren’t leaving. “One of our hypotheses in moving here was … this was kind of a wasted ecosystem — if you look at Silicon valley, Sand Hill Road, everything around Stanford. There’s no reason all of that couldn't be, in some shape or form, here,” Immelt said. “I think
Astronauts may have no trouble moving heavy objects in the weightlessness of space, but that doesn't mean that the experience isn't hard on their backs. Astronauts on long-duration spaceflights routinely report back pain, both during and after the flight. Now doctors think they know what's causing this. In a new study, researchers used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans to observe the spines of six NASA astronauts before they landed, at the time of landing and about two months after they had spent upward of seven months on the International Space Station. The researchers found that the prolonged exposure to weightlessness weakened the muscles supporting the astronauts' spines. The discovery
VISALIA, Calif., Oct. 25 (UPI) -- Researchers have discovered a new, especially leggy species of millipede in the dissolved marble caves of California's Sequoia National Park. The millipede boasts 414 legs. The newly named millipede, Illacme tobini, is the closest relative of the leggiest species on the planet, Illacme plenipe, which deploys 750 legs. The species is only the second to be organized within the Illacme genus. Like its relative, Illacme tobini enjoys appendages and other physiological features in abundance. It has four penises and 200 poison glands. What's more, its body -- made up of more than 100 segments -- is covered with hundreds of silk-secreting hairs. Illacme plenipe was
Richard Hoagland told his wife he was going to the hospital in 1993 and never came back. Badly eroded and in happier times Rick certainly and then little boy's fantasy foreign vacations in beautiful within the and it lit. In the Americas. What did you
Bayer is offering $57 billion for Monsanto, MON -0.59 % and that means Billy Talen has some fiery new songs to write. “Are we planting aspirin this spring?” Mr. Talen softly crooned, as other members of his choral group swayed along. Environmental advocates such as Mr. Talen have invested years, even decades, writing chants, printing T-shirts and composing songs to jab at Monsanto Co.—or “Monsatan” as some call the company—for the chemicals and genetically modified seeds it produces. Monsanto’s September agreement to sell itself to Bayer AG BAYRY 0.62 % , if approved by regulators and shareholders, is widely expected by analysts and investors to result in Monsanto’s name being minimized.
"The color change is thought to be an effect of Saturn's seasons," the US space agency said. What happened? Saturn has four seasons. They last about seven Earth years. The planet has photochemical haze, or particles in its atmosphere. Between November 1995 and August 2009, Saturn underwent a "winter polar darkness," according to Hampton University Assistant Professor Kunio Sayanagi. Well, the northern cloud-like barrier, which scientists call a six-sided jet stream, is affected. During the winter, particles are not produced. There's no sunshine. They can't reach the hexagonic jet stream. And the jet stream itself blocks them. "The hexagon jet acts as a barrier and when when there is nothing produced
The problem with providing a “rough, first-draft of history” is that so few people ever see the later drafts. And so it goes with Gaétan Dugas, an Air Canada flight attendant who died in 1984 and soon thereafter was identified by the media as “Patient Zero” in the North American HIV/AIDS epidemic. Journalist Randy Shilts cast Dugas as such in his 1987 book, And the Band Played On; although other reports had avoided the mischaracterization, the moniker stuck. Scientists have returned to this episode in a rigorous new Nature paper that traces the actual origin of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the U.S. back to the early 1970s. About 35 million people have died from AIDS-related causes since the disease
"Everything should be made as simple as possible, but not simpler," said Albert Einstein, who managed to distill the relationship between mass, energy, and light into an equation so brief it could be text slang. CRISPR (Nature has a great overview here) builds ever-so-slightly off a strategy used by bacteria to fend off repeat attacks from viruses. In the human version, scientists use an RNA guide to direct an enzyme, Cas-9, to a specific point in any organism's DNA--where, like an eagle-eyed copy editor, the enzyme snips out an errant letter or sequence as if it were expunging a typo.
More corals are dying and others are succumbing to disease and predators after the worst-ever bleaching on Australia's iconic Great Barrier Reef, scientists said Wednesday. A swathe of corals bleached in the northern third of the 2,300-kilometre (1,429-mile) long biodiverse site off the Queensland state coast died after an unprecedented bleaching earlier this year as sea temperatures rose. "In March, we measured a lot of heavily bleached branching corals that were still alive, but we didn't see many survivors this week," Andrew Hoey of the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies at James Cook University said in a statement.
Army veteran Jon Ross explains
The labels on prescription testosterone will now carry a new warning about the serious health risks that have been linked with abuse of these products. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced the new labels today (Oct. 25), saying that some people abuse testosterone drugs. For example, the agency said, athletes and body builders have been known to take doses that are higher than those prescribed, and to use testosterone together with other anabolic steroids.
MOSCOW, Oct. 26 (UPI) -- Russia's A-100LL flying laboratory for its advanced long-range radar detection and control aircraft has made its maiden flight, Russian news agency Tass reported Wednesday. The flight for the airborne radar system proceeded in a normal manner, Tass quoted officials from the United Instrument-Making Corporation as saying. The A-100LL flying lab is based on the A-50 and is being developed to replace the A-50 and A-50U long-range radar detection and control aircraft. It will be used for ground and flight tests of various system elements, including electromagnetic compatibility and information exchange protocols.
It's about to get a lot easier for untraditional startups to find funding -- like ones who want to build nuclear reactors. MIT is launching a startup accelerator, called The Engine, aimed at driving social change. The university said on Wednesday it will invest $150 million in startups developing technology breakthroughs in expensive, time-intensive areas such as clean energy, climate change, nuclear power and clean water. While the school will contribute $25 million of its own money for the initiative, it plans to raise the rest from outsider investors. "This is putting a piece in the puzzle that is missing," MIT treasurer Israel Ruiz told CNNMoney. "There's a deficiency in the ecosystem to
SALISBURY, Md. — Frank Turano stalks among clumps of leafy sugar beet plants in a field about the size of a tennis court. He is on the hunt for flaws and having an easy time of it. He presses his fingertips into a mushy beet half-buried in the mud and suffering from root rot. A few paces away, he folds open a leaf on a stunted specimen to reveal a plague of dark spots, a tell-tale sign of a fungus called cercospora. "As a breeder, I like that," Turano says. "That's our competition." The beet plants bred by his company, meanwhile, appear to be largely free of disease. And they're producing tubers up to twice the size of the commercial varieties growing in the same rows. Turano, the head scientist