Science

  • Kerry urges phasing-out of toxic greenhouse gases
    AFP

    Kerry urges phasing-out of toxic greenhouse gases

    US Secretary of State John Kerry on Friday urged signatories of an international ozone pact to back the phasing-out of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) -- toxic greenhouse gases thousands of times more potent than carbon dioxide. "Climate change is happening – and it is happening quicker than most of us ever anticipated," Kerry said. "Week after week, month after month, year after year, we continue to see new evidence, tangible evidence, of the danger climate change poses to our planet.

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  • Cosmos Magazine

    New brain map unearths 97 new areas

    A new map of the brain based on scans of 420 people has defined 97 new functional parts of the cortex – the wrinkled grey outer shell – more than doubling previous tallies. The atlas and software, produced by researchers in the US and the Netherlands, combines different imaging and measurement techniques to assign each cortex area a "fingerprint" based on architecture, cell type and function. The work was published in Nature. Mapping the human brain is a centuries-old exercise. The problem is everyone's brain is unique. Until recently, the best scientists could do was assign brain regions by, for instance, cell type. They dissected brains were examined under a microscope and saw different areas

  • The Most Impossible Technology From 'Star Trek'
    Forbes

    The Most Impossible Technology From 'Star Trek'

    Fifty years ago, a new vision of humanity’s future first graced the world’s consciousness: the vision of Star Trek. The brainchild of creator Gene Roddenberry , it ran contrary to the dominant ethos of its time of a world filled with the pollution and destruction of humans, overrun with selfish, unethical behavior, war, strife and conflict. Instead of a dystopian future where humanity brought about our own destruction, this was a future where technology existed to further the peaceful goals and ideals common to all humans. This was a future where the dream of the United Nations was extended to not just all of Earth, but to a myriad of planets beyond our Solar System: a United Federation of Planets.

  • Russian balloonist circling globe crosses Australian coast
    Associated Press

    Russian balloonist circling globe crosses Australian coast

    A 65-year-old Russian adventurer reached the Australian coast on Saturday and was within a few hours of setting a new record for flying solo nonstop around the world, an official said. Fedor Konyukhov's 56-meter (184-foot) -tall helium and hot-air balloon was descending as it crossed the southwest coast directly over the city of Perth at 95 kilometers (60 miles) per hour and at an altitude of less than 7,000 meters (23,000 feet), support crew member Steve Griffin said. When he drifts across 117 degrees longitude east of Perth, he will have shaved two days off the record of 13 days and eight hours set by American businessman Steve Fossett in 2002.

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  • Alcohol's cancer risks outweigh any health benefits, study shows
    Mashable

    Alcohol's cancer risks outweigh any health benefits, study shows

    “There is no argument, on current evidence, for a safe level of drinking with respect to cancer,” Jennie Connor, the author and a professor of epidemiology at Otago University in New Zealand, wrote in the analysis, published Thursday in the scientific journal Addiction. Connor’s report found there is strong evidence that alcohol causes cancer of the liver, colon, rectum, esophagus, larynx, pharynx and female breast. “Alcohol consumption is one of the most important known risk factors for human cancer and potentially one of the most avoidable factors, but it is increasing worldwide,” the authors of that study wrote.

  • Son Tells Investigators How He Stole Millions With Dad: Part 5
    ABC News Videos

    Son Tells Investigators How He Stole Millions With Dad: Part 5

    Vincent Cabello told investigators where they hid the stolen money in a safe deposit box in Washington.

  • Reuters

    China completes world's largest amphibious aircraft: Xinhua

    China has completed production of the world's largest amphibious aircraft after seven years of work, which it plans to use to perform marine rescue missions and fight forest fires, the Xinhua news agency reported. The AG600, which is about the size of a Boeing 737 and was developed by state aircraft maker Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC), rolled off a production line in the southern city of Zhuhai on Saturday, Xinhua said quoting the firm. AVIC deputy general manager, Geng Rugang, said the plane was "the latest breakthrough in China's aviation industry." A plan for the development and production of the AG600 received government approval in 2009.

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  • The Huffington Post

    Are gifted kids more sensitive to screen violence?

    07/22/2016 01:35 pm 13:35:18 | Updated 1 hour ago The past few weeks have been full of several unfortunate violent events: the massacre in Orlando, the killing of black men by police officers, the sniper attack in Dallas, the Bastille Day attack in France, the violent coup attempt in Turkey and the shooting in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. While many of us may not have been directly affected by these events, we watched the news as it unfolded on broadcast and social media. Witnessing such violence on media can take a severe toll on us even when our near and dear ones are not directly affected. Surprisingly, what research is beginning to uncover is that impact on young children - especially young gifted

  • There's a simple reason why one kind of trip gives you the worst jet lag — and you can use it to make your next trip a breeze
    Business Insider

    There's a simple reason why one kind of trip gives you the worst jet lag — and you can use it to make your next trip a breeze

    No matter how long it lasts, jet lag is never fun, and researchers still haven't found a "cure" for the bothersome side-effect. It turns out that our internal clocks are a bit laggy — they run a tad longer than 24 hours.

  • Brazil scientists find Zika traces in Culex mosquitoes in wild
    Fox News

    Brazil scientists find Zika traces in Culex mosquitoes in wild

    Brazilian researchers on Thursday said they found signs of the Zika virus in a common mosquito that is a separate species from the insect known to be the primary means of transmission. They warned, however, that further tests are needed to determine whether the species, known as Culex quinquefasciatus, is in fact responsible for transmitting the virus to humans and, if so, to what extent. The scientists, from a leading Brazilian research institute known as the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, discovered the Zika traces in Culex mosquitoes captured in and around the northeastern Brazilian city of Recife, capital of the state that was hit hardest by the Zika outbreak since last year. In March, the same

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  • Removing Wylfa nuclear plant's radioactive fuel 'priority'
    BBC News

    Removing Wylfa nuclear plant's radioactive fuel 'priority'

    The push to recover used radioactive fuel from the last nuclear power station of its kind is under way. Wylfa nuclear plant's last reactor was turned off after 44 years at an outage ceremony on Anglesey in December. Workers have spent the past six months putting decommissioning plans into action, including a new safety regime. Removing 800 tonnes of spent Magnox fuel will now be the "dominant" focus over the next three years, officials have said. "Once we are fuel free, over 99% of all the radioactivity on the site will have left," said Gordon Malcolm, deputy site director at Wylfa. "Then the whole site moves on to the next phase of work, preparations for care and maintenance... which will last

  • Some Microbes Have Been With Us Since Before We Existed
    The Atlantic

    Some Microbes Have Been With Us Since Before We Existed

    Around 10 million years ago, a population of African apes diverged down two paths. One lineage gave rise to gorillas. The other eventually split again, producing one branch that led to humans and another that forked into chimpanzees and bonobos. This is the story of our recent evolutionary past. It’s also the story of some of the microbes in our guts. We have tens of trillions of bacteria and other microbes in our guts—at least one for each of our own human cells. Some species within this microbiome are passers-by, which we pick up from our food and our environments. But others are much older companions. Andrew Moeller from the University of California, Berkeley, has found that there are a few

  • Russia's adventuring priest readies to set world record
    Newsweek

    Russia's adventuring priest readies to set world record

    Russia’s famous priest-turned-adventurer, Fyodor Konyuhov is expected to break the record for a solo balloon flight around the world as he prepares for landing in Australia this weekend. Konyuhov, who is a trained Orthodox priest, is well known in his homeland for his travels, including a 2008 boat journey around Antarctica, which took him 102 days and saw him nearly collide with a whale. He is set to open a religious school for young adventurers in Russia, where they will get a Christian upbringing as well as a taste of his extreme journeys. He is making headway on his latest adventure as Konyuhov stands to set a new record for flying solo in a hot air balloon around the world, should he land

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  • US land capacity for feeding people could expand with dietary changes
    medicalxpress.com

    US land capacity for feeding people could expand with dietary changes

    A new "food-print" model that measures the per-person land requirements of different diets suggests that, with dietary changes, the U.S. could feed significantly more people from existing agricultural land. Using ten different scenarios ranging from the average American diet to a purely vegan one, a team led by scientists from the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University estimated that agricultural land in the contiguous U.S. could have the capacity to feed up to 800 million people—twice what can be supported based on current average diets. The researchers found that a vegetarian diet that includes dairy products could feed the most people from the area of land available.

  • Take a 3D Tour Inside the Apollo 11 Command Module
    Popular Mechanics

    Take a 3D Tour Inside the Apollo 11 Command Module

    Yesterday, we celebrated the 47th anniversary of the Apollo 11 mission, the historic initiative that landed astronauts on the moon. The only part of the Apollo 11 spacecraft to make it back to earth was the command module "Columbia," where astronauts Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins and Buzz Aldrin lived throughout the eight day mission. Since its landing on July 24th, 1969, the Columbia has been kept sealed in plexiglass at the Smithsonian Institute in Washington, DC. That is, until recently, when the software company Autodesk was allowed a rare opportunity to use their high-tech 3D scanning equipment to create a simulation of the spacecraft that anyone on the internet can explore. This was no

  • Reuters

    EU approves Monsanto, Bayer genetically modified soybeans

    The European Commission on Friday approved imports of Monsanto's Roundup Ready 2 Xtend genetically modified soybean variety, after months of delays that had derailed the U.S. seed giant's product launch this spring. Rivals Cargill Inc, Bunge Ltd and CHS Inc, which had also refused to accept the variety without EU import approval, could not be immediately reached for comment. The EU is the second largest importer of soybeans and its approval is not expected to have a major impact on merger talks by German suitor Bayer AG, whose sweetened $64-billion buyout offer of Monsanto was rejected last week, as it had been widely anticipated, analysts said on Friday.

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  • Da Vinci's 'irrelevant' doodles actually contain his most revolutionary physics discovery
    Business Insider

    Da Vinci's 'irrelevant' doodles actually contain his most revolutionary physics discovery

    Although it has been common knowledge that Da Vinci conducted the first systematic study of friction (which underpins the modern science of tribology, or the study of friction, lubrication, and wear), we didn't know how and when he came up with these ideas. Hutchings was able to put together a detailed chronology, pinpointing Da Vinci's "aha" moment to a single page of scribbles penned in red chalk in 1493. Almost a century later, Hutchings thought this page was worth a second look.

  • Solar plane takes off from Egypt on final leg of world tour
    Reuters

    Solar plane takes off from Egypt on final leg of world tour

    By Lila Hassan CAIRO (Reuters) - An aircraft powered by solar energy left Egypt on Sunday on the last leg of the first ever fuel-free flight around the globe. Solar Impulse 2, a spindly single-seat plane, took off from Cairo in darkness en route to Abu Dhabi, its final destination, with a flight expected to take between 48 and 72 hours. The plane, which began its journey in Abu Dhabi in March 2015, has been piloted in turns by Swiss aviators Andre Borschberg and Bertrand Piccard in a campaign to build support for clean energy technologies.

  • LUX: World's most sensitive detector finds no dark matter. What's next?
    Los Angeles Times

    LUX: World's most sensitive detector finds no dark matter. What's next?

    The findings, presented at the Identification of Dark Matter conference in Sheffield, England, were not unexpected — though they do highlight the challenge of finding the elusive stuff known as dark matter. “I couldn’t say with a straight face that I was expecting to find dark matter with this particular data set,” said Simon Fiorucci, an experimental physicist at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and science coordination manager for LUX. Dark matter can’t be seen, heard or felt – but scientists know something must be there because they watch how its enormous mass turbocharges the spin of galaxies. Everything we can detect in the universe, from Earth to the stars, black holes and distant galaxies – all of it makes up less than 5% of the mass and energy in the universe.

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  • The world's first graphene car is unveiled in Manchester
    BBC News

    The world's first graphene car is unveiled in Manchester

    The world's first car made with graphene in its bodywork has been unveiled in Manchester. The vehicle, with graphene in its panels, was made by Briggs Automotive Company in Speke, Liverpool. The BAC Mono spearheads an exhibition to highlight the future technology of graphene, which is 200 times stronger than steel. It was developed by scientists at the University of Manchester in 2004 who won the Nobel Prize for it. Graphene is made of sheets of carbon just one atom thick. The BAC Mono has been road-tested and is being displayed at the National Graphene Institute in Manchester as part of the Science in the City festival from July 22-29. James Baker, graphene business director at The University

  • LiveScience.com

    Alcohol Can Cause Certain Cancers, Study Says

    Drinking alcohol may cause seven different types of cancer, a new meta-analysis finds. Previous studies have found an association between drinking alcohol and a higher risk of developing certain cancers, according to the study. In the new meta-analysis, published today (July 21) in the journal Addiction, researchers looked at the major review studies done over the last decade on alcohol and cancer, including reviews from the American Institute for Cancer Research and the International Agency for Research on Cancer.

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  • Associated Press

    Scientists work toward storing digital information in DNA

    Her computer, Karin Strauss says, contains her "digital attic" — a place where she stores that published math paper she wrote in high school, and computer science schoolwork from college. Strauss, who works at Microsoft Research in Redmond, Washington, is working to make that sci-fi fantasy a reality. Rather, they aim to help companies and institutions archive huge amounts of data for decades or centuries, at a time when the world is generating digital data faster than it can store it.

  • NASA Gives Employees Guardians of the Galaxy Patch
    Screen Rant

    NASA Gives Employees Guardians of the Galaxy Patch

    Guardians of the Galaxy: Vol 2 has been generating a lot of buzz during the lead-up to and including San Diego Comic Con 2016 where tomorrow it’ll have a panel during the Marvel Studios Hall H presentation. The sequel to the outer-space superhero ensemble won’t be hitting theaters till summer 2017, but that hasn’t stopped fans getting excited about what little we have seen so far. Directed by James Gunn, the followup to Guardians of the Galaxy features the original cast alongside some new faces from the comic books, and this year’s SDCC has already shown us a new portrait of Yondu along with a concept art poster featuring the new, and larger team roster. Now NASA is even getting in on the Guardians

  • Showing girls the way to careers in STEM
    Miami Herald

    Showing girls the way to careers in STEM

    Yoldine Nicoleau stuffed a strawberry into a Ziploc bag and smashed it to a pulp. As about 20 other girls joined in, the science lab quickly filled with the sweet smell of fresh fruit and the sound of fists pounding on tables. This is what it takes to extract DNA from grocery store items. It’s also what getting girls interested in science looks, smells and sounds like. “This is fun for me,” said Nicoleau, a rising junior at Miami-Dade’s School for Advanced Studies. “I feel comfortable. I enjoy it. I’m around people who understand me.” For a week this summer, a group of young women from across Miami-Dade County got a hands-on introduction to working in STEM — Science, Technology, Engineering and