Science

  • China Begins Operating World's Largest Radio Telescope
    ABC News

    China Begins Operating World's Largest Radio Telescope

    The world's largest radio telescope began searching for signals from stars and galaxies and, perhaps, extraterrestrial life Sunday in a project demonstrating China's rising ambitions in space and its pursuit of international scientific prestige. Beijing has poured billions into such ambitious scientific projects as well as its military-backed space program, which saw the launch of China's second space station earlier this month. Measuring 500 meters in diameter, the radio telescope is nestled in a natural basin within a stunning landscape of lush green karst formations in southern Guizhou province. It took five years and $180 million to complete and surpasses that of the 300-meter Arecibo Observatory

  • Musk's SpaceX successfully tests rocket engine that could help us colonize Mars
    CNBC.com

    Musk's SpaceX successfully tests rocket engine that could help us colonize Mars

    The methane-fueled engine is expected to form part of the Dragon rocket, with Musk suggesting the engines are three times more powerful than the current Merlin engines that SpaceX uses on its Falcon 9 rocket. The engine was fired at the company's McGregor, Texas facility, according to a report by tech website Engadget and comes ahead of a long-awaited speech by Elon Musk. USA Today reported on Sunday that Musk would outline his ideas for how to establish a city on Mars within a decade. The speech is due to be held at the International Astronautical Congress in Guadalajara, Mexico, and Musk is expected to detail a new system called the "Mars Colonial Transporter," that could deliver 100 people to the planet Mars.

  • ABC News

    Mother Uncovers Lasting Impact of Son's Organ Donation

    An ultrasound showed one of Sarah Gray's unborn twins was missing part of his brain, a fatal birth defect. His brother was born healthy but Thomas lived just six days. Latching onto hope for something positive to come from heartache, Gray donated some of Thomas' tissue for scientific research — his eyes, his liver, his umbilical cord blood. Only no one could tell the Washington mother if that precious donation really made a difference. So Gray embarked on an unusual journey to find out, revealing a side of science that laymen seldom glimpse. "Infant eyes are like gold," a Harvard scientist told her. "I don't think people understand how valuable these donations are," said Gray, who hadn't grasped

  • India to ratify Paris Agreement climate pact on Oct. 2
    Mashable

    India to ratify Paris Agreement climate pact on Oct. 2

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi said India will ratify the Paris Agreement climate change pact on Oct 2. Modi’s announcement on Sunday is seen as a major boost to the implementation of measures at international level in an attempt to control global warming. Modi added that the country has chosen Oct. 2 to coincide with the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, who lived his entire live with minimum carbon footprint.

  • LiveScience.com

    In Shift, Most Americans Now Say President Should Release All Medical Records

    A majority of Americans now say that a U.S. president should release all of his or her medical information. The poll, which was conducted by Gallup last week, found that a slim majority of Americans, 51 percent, said that a president should release all medical information that might affect that person's ability to serve in office, whereas 46 percent said that a president should have the right to keep those medical records private. The new poll results are a change from the results in 2004, when just 38 percent of Americans said that a president should release all of his or her medical information, and 61 percent said that a president should be able to keep those records private, according to Gallup.

  • Forensic scientists are burning pigs and flying laser planes to find Mexico’s 43 missing students
    Quartz

    Forensic scientists are burning pigs and flying laser planes to find Mexico’s 43 missing students

    It’s been two years since 43 students from a teacher’s college in the Mexican state of Guerrero went missing and there’s still no trace of them. On Sept. 26, 2014 they disappeared on their way to a protest. A few months later, the government claimed they were killed and burned at a dump by a drug cartel that believed the students were members of a rival group. Since then, though, forensic science has largely disproved that theory, and could eventually provide some answers to the grief-stricken families of “the 43,” as the victims are known, and millions of outraged Mexicans. Pigs in a pyre The Mexican government enlisted an independent group (link in Spanish) of international investigators to

  • Why students who do well in high school bomb in college
    Miami Herald

    Why students who do well in high school bomb in college

    The first year of college is a tough transition, and for many students, a disillusioning one. A study conducted last fall at the University of Toronto found that incoming students arrived with unreasonably optimistic expectations. On average, students predicted they would earn grade-point averages of 3.6. Those dreams were swiftly punctured. By the end of the year, the average freshman had only a 2.3. What separated the high-achievers from the low-achievers? As any college admissions counselor will tell you, high school grades have always been the single best predictor of college success. But that does not mean that high school grades are good predictors. Research shows that differences in students'

  • Canada confirms Arctic discovery of 200-year-old ship
    AFP

    Canada confirms Arctic discovery of 200-year-old ship

    Canada's parks department on Monday confirmed the discovery of a British exploration ship that vanished during a storied Arctic expedition in 1846. The statement comes two weeks after scientists from the Arctic Research Foundation announced they had found the ship -- part of a two-vessel expedition during which both disappeared -- submerged but well-preserved beneath 24 meters of water in the Northwest Passage. "Parks Canada's underwater archaeology team is proud to confirm that the wreck located in Terror Bay on the south-west side of King William Island, Nunavut is that of HMS Terror," the government agency said.

  • Singapore's manufacturing output inches up by 0.1% in August
    Singapore Business Review

    Singapore's manufacturing output inches up by 0.1% in August

    There has been an upturn in Singapore's manufacturing sector, as output emerges from the red in August. According to the latest figures by the Singapore Economic Development Board manufacturing output increased 0.1% in August 2016.

  • Accesswire

    American CryoStem to Participate in World Medical Tourism & Global Healthcare Congress

    EATONTOWN, NJ / ACCESSWIRE / September 26, 2016 / American CryoStem Corporation (CRYO), a leading developer, marketer and licensor of patented adipose tissue based cellular technologies for the regenerative and personalized medicine industries with laboratories

  • Bee Pharma Africa and a Flying Pharmacy
    The Daily Meal

    Bee Pharma Africa and a Flying Pharmacy

    Hugo Fearnley of Whitby, England is studying the potential of bee-produced medicines for the treatment of human diseases. Fearnley, CEO of BeeVital and Director of the Apiceutical Research Centre (ARC), recently earned a Churchill Travelling Fellowship to fund his research and coalition-building in four African countries. One potentially promising compound for Fearnley is propolis, sometimes called bee glue: a mixture of plant resins and wax used for structural purposes in hives.

  • Mystery radio bursts may be pulsars bumping into asteroids
    New Scientist

    Mystery radio bursts may be pulsars bumping into asteroids

    It’s a case of pulsar ping-pong. Repeating radio bursts from space may be the result of pulsars colliding with asteroids in faraway stellar systems. Fast radio bursts (FRBs) are a rare and mysterious phenomenon. Until recently, we had seen fewer than 20 of these milliseconds-long pulses of radio waves, and they have been attributed to everything from quasars to aliens. Last year, astronomers at the Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico nearly doubled the number of observed FRBs when they saw 16 bright bursts from the direction of FRB 121102, where a single burst had been detected in 2012. Such repeating FRBs add another layer to the mystery. It’s possible that all FRBs repeat but our telescopes

  • U-2 Spy Plane Crash: Why 'Cold War' Aircraft Are Still Relevant Today
    LiveScience.com

    U-2 Spy Plane Crash: Why 'Cold War' Aircraft Are Still Relevant Today

    A U-2 spy plane that crashed in northern California earlier this week, killing one of the two pilots, focused attention on a normally clandestine aspect of the U.S. military. The U-2 plane has a long and storied history that stretches back to the late 1950s, but how is the reconnaissance aircraft used today? U-2 planes have been flown by the United States and other nations for more than 60 years, as both a spy plane and an instrument of science.

  • The Atlantic

    Why Does Fracking (Sometimes) Trigger Earthquakes?

    At 3 a.m. on the morning of May 17, 2012, the town of Timpson, Texas, was awoken by the largest earthquake ever measured in the eastern half of the state. Earthquakes do not often strike Texas: Timpson is closer to tornado alley than the Pacific ring of fire. Timpson isn’t even in West Texas, where the state’s worst quakes have historically taken place.

  • Engadget

    Researchers think chaos theory can get us past Moore's Law

    Gordon Moore, co-founder of Intel, believed that the number of transistors on an integrated circuit would double every year or two. And, to his credit, that rule pretty much held out between 1965 and 2015, when the laws of physics began to get in the way. Now, researchers at North Carolina State believe that we don't need to obsess over ever-smaller transistors to make chips even more powerful. Instead, they've turned to chaos theory in the hope that mixing things up will provide the performance boost that Intel can't. Lead researcher Behnam Kia explains that we are now "reaching the limits of physics in terms of transistor size." If you've ever listened to one of Intel's presentations, you'll

  • St. Louis Post-Dispatch

    WashU receives $23.6 million science grant to understand how single cells work

    ST. LOUIS • A joint effort between Washington University and the University of Pennsylvania received a $23.6 million federal grant to start a new Science and Technology Center. The partnership, fueled by the five-year grant, creates the Science and Technology Center for Engineering MechanoBiology. It's an effort to understand how single cells work, what they react to and how they can be used or developed to prevent diseases, boost crop practices and more. Single cell organisms are the root of all plants and animals. "Being named an STC is a prestigious distinction reserved for sweeping research projects that have the power to change lives. We're ready to get to work," Guy Genin, principal researcher

  • African elephants 'suffer worst decline in 25 years'
    AFP

    African elephants 'suffer worst decline in 25 years'

    The number of African elephants has dropped by around 111,000 in the past decade, a new report released Sunday at the Johannesburg conference on the wildlife trade said, blaming the plummeting figures on poaching. The revelation, the worst drop in 25 years, came amid disagreement on the second day of the global meet over the best way to improve the plight of Africa's elephants, targeted for their tusks. With Namibia and Zimbabwe, wanting to be allowed to sell ivory stockpiles accrued from natural deaths to fund community elephant conservation initiatives, Zimbabwe's Environment Minister Oppah Muchinguri rejected the "imperialistic policies" of opposing countries, branding them a "clear infringement on the sovereign rights of nations".

  • Why this biotech startup is going after rare neurological diseases
    Business Insider

    Why this biotech startup is going after rare neurological diseases

    Researchers had noticed that, right off the bat, tumors were growing instead of shrinking, Dr. Jeremy Levin, previously an SVP at competing company Bristol-Meyers Squibb, told Business Insider. Now, Levin is the CEO of Ovid Therapeutics, a pharma company focusing on rare neurological diseases.

  • Scientists are pushing for a fourth presidential debate for science-based issues to be discussed
    Newsweek

    Scientists are pushing for a fourth presidential debate for science-based issues to be discussed

    This week’s debate between Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton is the first of three the candidates will engage in before the November election. As in years past, each debate will be broadly aimed at one of three single subject areas—domestic policy, the economy and foreign policy.   For the last several election cycles, a consortium of Nobel Prize winners and American scientific associations has been pushing for a fourth separate debate devoted entirely to science issues. (Newsweek covered this effort in-depth.) They argue that in our rapidly advancing, high-tech world, with the greatest global challenge being man-caused climate change, voters need to understand where candidates get their scientific

  • Paris bans cars along part of River Seine
    AFP

    Paris bans cars along part of River Seine

    Strollers and cyclists can breathe easy on the banks of the Seine after Paris on Monday approved a plan to ban cars on a long stretch of riverside road cutting across the city. A centrepiece of her battle against pollution, the plan has divided opinion in the French capital. "We need to slow down a bit, let go, stop and relax," said Violetta Kolodziejczak, a restaurant greeter.

  • Biologists Receive 2016 MacArthur 'Genius Grants'
    LiveScience.com

    Biologists Receive 2016 MacArthur 'Genius Grants'

    Two biologists have been honored with MacArthur "Genius Grants," the MacArthur Foundation announced today (Sept. 22). The MacArthur "Class of 2016" list of 23 fellows represents exceptional achievements in the sciences and arts, as well as in the advancement of human rights and advocacy for social change.

  • Try riding a roller coaster to dislodge those painful kidney stones
    Los Angeles Times

    Try riding a roller coaster to dislodge those painful kidney stones

    Just ask any one of the 300,000 Americans who, in any given year, develop kidney stones: What if the excruciating pain of passing one of those little devils could be prevented by strapping yourself into a make-believe runaway mine train, throwing your hands in the air and enduring G-forces as high as 2.5 for about three minutes? In a bit of medical research inspired by strange and remarkable patient accounts, a Michigan State University urologist reports that, yes, riding a medium-intensity roller coaster such as the Disney theme parks’ Big Thunder Mountain Railroad can result in the painless passing of small, and even a few large, kidney stones. For best results, ride in the back, where — roller coaster afficionados all seem to agree — the thrills are greatest. Independent of kidney stone volume and location, findings reported Sunday in the the Journal of the American Osteopathic Assn. showed that sitting in the back of the roller coaster resulted in an average passage rate of 63.89%.

  • Supersoldier programs for cognitive enhancement and running speed
    nextbigfuture.com

    Supersoldier programs for cognitive enhancement and running speed

    Paul Scharre, a former Army Ranger and the director of the 20YY Future of Warfare Initiative at the Center for a New American Security, said performance-enhancers that are being explored could offer tremendous operational advantages for warfighters. DARPA has launched 4MM, a project to develop a device that could enable dismounted troops to run a four-minute mile, a benchmark normally reserved for the world’s most elite runners. “The underlying theory there is if you can provide some forward push to … the wearer, can you make it so they can run faster,” said Mike LaFiandra, chief of the dismounted warrior branch in the human research and engineering directorate at the Army Research Laboratory, where 4MM prototypes have been tested. With DARPA funding, researchers at Arizona State University developed a system called Air Legs.

  • Drug Overdose Cluster in Canada Tied to Opioid-Laced Cocaine
    LiveScience.com

    Drug Overdose Cluster in Canada Tied to Opioid-Laced Cocaine

    More than 40 people in a Canadian city were treated for an opioid overdose this summer after they smoked crack cocaine that had been contaminated with an opioid drug related to fentanyl, according to a new report. In mid-July, a hospital in the city of Surrey, British Columbia, experienced a large spike in patients needing treatment for an opioid overdose — about 11 patients per day needed treatment, up from the usual four patients per day. Most of the patients had become unconscious after smoking what they thought was crack cocaine, the report said.