Six carefully selected scientists have entered a man-made dome on a remote Hawaii volcano as part of a human-behavior study that could help NASA as it draws up plans for sending astronauts on long missions to Mars. They will have no physical contact with people in the outside world and will work with a 20-minute delay in communications with their support crew, or the time it would take for an email to reach Earth from Mars. The NASA-funded project will study the psychological difficulties associated with living in isolated and confined conditions for an extended period. "We're hoping to figure out how best to select individual astronauts, how to compose a crew and how to support that crew on long-duration space missions," said principal investigator Kim Binsted, a University of Hawaii science professor.
Donald Trump's choice to head the Environmental Protection Agency said Wednesday that climate change is real, breaking with both the president-elect and his own past statements. In response to questions from Democrats during his Senate confirmation hearing, Oklahoma Attorney General Scott Pruitt said he disagreed with Trump's earlier claims that global warming is a hoax created by the Chinese to harm the economic competitiveness of the United States. "I do not believe climate change is a hoax," Pruitt said.
Former Volkswagen boss Martin Winterkorn said Thursday that he did not know the beleaguered German auto giant was engaging in systematic emissions cheating until shortly before the scam broke. Winterkorn told a parliamentary committee into the "dieselgate" scandal that "total clarity was and is the order of the day", and that he was still trying to understand how the scandal could have happened. The 69-year-old resigned in September 2015, days after the VW group admitted it had installed software in 11 million diesel vehicles worldwide to dupe emissions tests and make the cars seem less polluting than they were.
In Defy the Stars, a new YA novel from Star Wars: Lost Stars and Star Wars: Bloodline author Claudia Gray, a young soldier named Noemi is enmeshed in an intergalactic war — while also fighting a more philosophical battle closer to home. In three weeks, Noemi Vidal will die—here, in this very place. Noemi wants to pray like the other soldiers she hears around her.
The Davos Delusion Davos leaders are gathering this week to change the world. Again. “We are faced by a world which is increasingly schizophrenic. Our world is rapidly changing and power is shifting geopolitically, in business terms and even in the virtual world. Power, wealth and well-being are spread in ever more complex ways, leading to a world which is harder and harder to understand and which often seems alien to us. It is to make sense of this world, and to tackle its complex problems and opportunities, that leaders from all walks of life will once again meet in Davos at our Annual Meeting. The World Economic Forum Annual Meeting gives all of us a chance to understand and shape the Global
A cream used to treat skin cancer and abnormal skin lesions can be lethal for pets, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warned today. The agency said the medication, called fluorouracil, can make pets sick, and even kill them in some cases. "People using this medication should use care when applying and storing the medication if they are also in a household with pets, as even very small amounts could be dangerous to these animals," the FDA said in a statement.
What do you do if a president-elect asks you to lead a government agency that you famously wanted to abolish? Well, if you're former Texas governor Rick Perry, you immediately fess up and apologize to the senate at the start of your confirmation hearing. SEE ALSO: Rick Perry vowed to scrap the Energy Department.
The Conversation is a collaboration between editors and academics providing informed news analysis and commentary free to read and republish Romans stand on the road after leaving buildings following an earthquake on January 18. Alessandro Bianchi/Reuters Another series of strong earthquakes has struck central Italy, with schools and the metro evacuated in Rome. At least four earthquakes with a magnitude greater than 5 have followed in a few hours, with their epicentres near the town of Amatrice. Thankfully, there have been no reported deaths. But this series of earthquakes adds to those that struck the same region over the past year and have left many Italians feeling helpless and traumatised.
The CIA is bound by law to declassify all records that are older than 25 years. In the past, these records could only be accessed at a single place, the National Archives in Maryland. Sun Streak went by many different names, and is referred to in the CIA database as Stargate.
The latest stunning images from NASA's Curiosity Mars rover shows what scientists say likely were cracks in drying mud on the red planet. If that turns out to be true, the mud cracks would be the first identified by Curiosity and could be evidence the planet went through wet and dry periods. Curiosity, the roaming robot tasked with discovering life on Mars, already has found evidence of ancient Martian lakes that would have been favorable for microbes. Curiosity science team member Nathan Stein said the cracks looked like nothing researchers had seen before with Curiosity. "It looks like what you'd see beside the road where muddy ground has dried and cracked," he said. The layer, NASA said, formed
Hawaii has the most aggressive renewable energy targets in the nation, aiming for its utilities to get 100 percent of their electricity from renewable sources by 2045. Now advocates want to extend that goal to the transportation sector to urge all forms of ground transportation to fuel up using renewable sources by 2045. "The majority of our fossil fuel goes into transportation, and that's a challenge that we have to solve, and we currently don't have a vision for what that future looks like," said Jeff Mikulina, executive director of the Blue Planet Foundation, which is pushing the bill.
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres used his first address at the World Economic Forum in Davos on Thursday to push for a new partnership with business to help fight climate change and reduce poverty. Guterres took over from Ban Ki-moon on January 1 with an ambitious plan to reform the United Nations at a time when it is struggling to raise funds for its humanitarian work and to address global crises. The UN chief singled out business as the "best allies" to shield the Paris climate deal from "the possibility of less supportive action of some governments", in a veiled reference to US President-elect Donald Trump.
There's long been good reason to think that some form of calorie restriction could slow aging. Previously, scientists have shown that in animals like mice, fruit flies, rats, certain worms, and yeast, cutting calories a significant amount (around 30% in one recent mouse study) could extend life and health, including brain health, for a significant span — sometimes doubling or tripling it. In primates like monkeys, much more closely related to us, the evidence for calorie restriction (CR) has been more conflicted.
Some parents recently got a shocking sight when they cut open their child's favorite teething toy, Sophie the Giraffe: The toy's innards were teeming with mold. This week, Good Housekeeping reported several instances of parents cutting open Sophie the Giraffe and finding mold inside the toy. Now, a number of parents have taken to social media to share their pictures of Sophie's insides filled with black mold.
Eric Trump says his father's focus will be "running the country," while he and his brother Don Jr. run the company. Reporter: Pause for a moment and consider what must it be like for Donald Trump to call you "Son?" Eric and Donald Jr. The original apprentices know the answer. Reporter: I sat down with Eric, with his wife Lara, and don Jr. Earlier this week to talk about growing up trump.
Identifying mutations in DNA sequences is indispensable when it comes to fighting off emerging diseases, but the practice has always been the domain of highly-specialized laboratories, performed using microscopes costing tens of thousands of dollars. A breakthrough 3D-printed apparatus, designed by scientists at the University of California, Los Angeles, as well as the Stockholm and Uppsala Universities of Sweden, aims to solve that dilemma. Researchers used a Nokia 1020, well known for its 41-megapixel shooter, in developing an array which transforms the phone into a portable, low-cost microscope capable of genetic sequencing.
Not all international borders are uncomplicated, straight lines dividing one country from another. In reality, a political map shows what a mess these boundariesoften invisible, but occasionally obviouscan be.Youll find countries surrounded on all sides
The European Space Agency opened an investigation on Thursday into anomalies that have affected five of the first 18 Galileo satellites in orbit. The agency, which launched the navigation system last December, said however that the failures are not affecting the satellites' proper functioning. The Galileo system, named after the Italian engineer and astronomer, is designed to provide commercial and government customers with more precise location data than GPS.
The molecular diagram at left is a representation of a protein molecule known as DMT superfamily transporter YddG, generated by Rosetta@Home software. Molecular biologists have enlisted cutting-edge trends in genomics and big data to get a grip on one of the grand challenges of biotech: figuring out how protein molecules fold. Researchers from the University of Washington and other institutions say they’ve solved more than 600 protein-folding mysteries – which represents a fair proportion of the estimated 5,200 protein families whose molecular structure was unknown.
From gorillas to gibbons, about 60 percent of primates, the closest biological relatives to human beings, are threatened by extinction due largely to human activities, a study has found. "This truly is the eleventh hour for many of these creatures," said University of Illinois anthropology professor Paul Garber, who co-wrote the study published Wednesday in the journal Science Advances. Researchers reported that about 60 percent of primate species are threatened with extinction, while around 75 percent of species have declining populations.
This collection of historical declassified documents represents a database known as the CIA Records Search Tool (CREST), a system installed in 2000 at the National Archives Records Administration (NARA) in Maryland and formerly searchable only in person, according to a statement published Jan. 17 by the CIA. The files were released under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) — a law that provides people with the right to request access to information from any federal government agency — and they are currently available to view and download via the CIA website. "Access to this historically significant collection is no longer limited by geography," Joseph Lambert, the CIA's director of information management, said in the statement.
Under the Obama administration, NASA has had a dynamic eight years. NASA’s Juno spacecraft put itself into orbit around Jupiter, while the New Horizons mission flew by Pluto, marking the first time the tiny world had ever been explored. All the while, the space agency has maintained a steady human presence in lower Earth orbit, and plans to extend operations of the International Space Station until 2024.
A soft, cup-shaped robotic device that hugs the heart could give it gentle squeezes to help pump blood in patients with weakened hearts, a new study finds. The experimental device is designed to help people who are experiencing heart failure, a serious medical condition in which the heart does not pump as well as it should. According to the American Heart Association, heart failure currently afflicts about 5.7 million people in the United States, costing the nation an estimated $30.7 billion each year.
The National Library of Israel said Thursday it has acquired what is considered the world's greatest private collection of Hebrew books and manuscripts. The Valmadonna Trust Library contains some 10,000 items — including a 15th century copy of the Hebrew Bible and one of the only two surviving copies of a 16th century Passover manuscript from Prague. The collection, assembled over decades by London collector Jack Lunzer, was entrusted to Sotheby's auction house in New York in 2009.