In November 2016, Jude Sparks, now 10, was on an outing with his family near their New Mexico home when he tripped over what he thought was a cow skull. Now, researchers at New Mexico State University are preserving the discovery, which was identified as a Stegomastodon -- a mastodon-like or elephant-like animal. "I imagined through my own mind of being 9 years old and finding something like that and how incredible it would be," dad Kyle Sparks.
Researchers looked at climate models to see how aerosolized fossil fuels could be changing rainfall patterns and causing droughts.
California's vast San Joaquin Valley, the country's most productive farming region, is engulfed by some of the nation's dirtiest skies, forcing the state's largest air district to spend more than $40 billion in the past quarter-century to enforce hundreds of stringent pollution rules. The investment has steadily driven down the number of days with unhealthy air — but on hot, windless days, a brown haze still hangs overhead, sending wheezing people with tight chests to emergency rooms and hundreds each year to an early grave. In California, where Democratic Gov. Jerry Brown is an outspoken leader in the global fight against climate change, the San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District now is waging a very public campaign against enforcement of the landmark U.S. Clean Air Act.
A bag of moon dust owned by a suburban Chicago woman has sold at auction for $1.8 million, after a galactic court battle. Used by astronaut Neil Armstrong during the first manned mission to the moon in 1969, the collection bag was featured Thursday at a Sotheby's auction in New York City of items related to space voyages. The artifact from the Apollo 11 mission had already made quite the journey — from the moon to the pocket of Armstrong's spacesuit, to the garage of a space rock thief, to a government online auction, to the bedroom closet of a northwest suburban Inverness woman, before the government seized it again. Nancy Lee Carlson, a baby boomer who told the Tribune in the past she had always been fascinated by the Apollo missions, came across the bag, labeled "lunar sample return," on an online federal auction site.
For when you want to visit space, but you don't want to do all that astronaut training.
Dogs and humans may have had a similar relationship as far back as 14,000 years ago in hunter-gatherer communities. About 7,000 years ago, these farming communities had just arrived in Europe, replacing hunter-gatherer societies and creating denser groups of people. This would have probably altered the dogs' behavior as well, as they adapted to be around more people. Rather than being kept as house pets, these dogs probably roamed close to or within villages. And food-wise, they may have needed to fend for themselves and scavenge, according to Adam Boyko, assistant professor at Cornell University's department of biomedical sciences, who was not associated with the study. Unlike modern dogs, they
History buffs may have a reason to rejoice after a team of archeologists found evidence of a tomb, which they believe to be that of King Tutankhamun’s wife Ankhesenamun. "We are sure there is a tomb there, but we do not know for sure to whom it belongs," Hawass told Live Science in an email.
Speaking at the International Space Station Research and Development Conference on Wednesday, Tesla and SpaceX Founder Elon Musk said we need to build a base on the moon to help support missions to Mars and to spur public support for space exploration.
This week, the surrealist painter Salvador Dali is being exhumed from his grave in Figueres, northeastern Spain, where he has lain beneath the stage of a museum since his death in 1989. Researchers hope to collect DNA from his skeleton in order to settle a paternity suit brought by a tarot card reader named Pilar Abel, who claims that her mother had an affair with the artist while working as a maid in the seaside town where the Dalis vacationed. If the claim is substantiated, Abel may inherit a portion of the $325 million estate that Dali, who was thought to be childless, bequeathed to the Spanish state upon his death. The grave opening may seem like a fittingly surreal turn of events, but advances in DNA research and other scientific techniques have recently led to a rise in exhumations.
Jurassic Park's most iconic scenes should have run a little slower, based on new research suggesting our favourite dinosaur, Tyrannosaurus rex, couldn't manage more than a walk. It turns out that while T. rex could still take quick steps, any serious gait would leave it with more than just a bad case of shin splints. The research, led by scientists from the University of Manchester in the UK, created a detailed computer model that used multi-body system dynamics – which looks at connected solid objects – to analyze the bends and twists applied to different parts of a skeleton.
The first humans arrived in Australia up to 15,000 years earlier than previously thought, scientists have announced. During excavations of the Madjedbebe rock shelter in northern Australia, researchers have found thousands of artefacts, including stone tools, grinding stones and hatchets, showing humans must have been at the site at least 65,000 years ago. The findings, published in Nature, have major implications for our understanding of early human migration beyond Asia, why Australia’s megafauna went extinct, and, potentially, if these early humans interacted with Homo floresiensis, the mystery “hobbit-like” species found only on the Indonesian island of Flores.
Wildlife researchers in Cambodia have found a breeding location for the masked finfoot, one of the world's most endangered birds, raising hopes of its continuing survival. The New York-based Wildlife Conservation Society said Thursday its scientists, along with conservationists from Cambodia's Environment Ministry and residents along the Memay river in the Kulen Promtep Wildlife Sanctuary, discovered the only confirmed breeding location in Cambodia for the very rare species. The International Union for Conservation of Nature has placed the bird on its red list of globally endangered species because its worldwide population of less than 1,000 is declining at an alarming rate.
Groups that represent industries from farming to fracking are supporting a legislative push to rewrite how government handles science when drawing up regulations. And the whole effort has scientists worried. Consider, for example, the Honest and Open New EPA Science Treatment Act, or HONEST Act, which passed the House in the spring and now is with the Senate. Just how "honest" it is depends on whom you ask. The HONEST Act says the EPA can't take a particular action based on scientific research unless that research is "publicly available online in a manner than is sufficient for independent analysis and substantial reproduction of research results." Trouble is, making all that data widely available
Dogs most probably evolved from wolves at a single location about 20,000 to 40,000 years ago, a study suggests. Previously, it had been thought that dogs were tamed from two populations of wolves living thousands of miles apart. Researchers studied DNA from three dogs found at archaeological sites in Germany and Ireland that were between 4,700 and 7,000 years old. The ancient canines share ancestry with modern European dogs. By looking at the rates of change to the DNA from the oldest specimen, scientists were able to place the timing of the domestication of dogs to between 20,000 and 40,000 years ago. Krishna Veeramah of Stony Brook University in New York is a researcher on the study. He said
Lightning struck twice for the crew of the trawler ship Cú na Mara. On Tuesday, they caught their second rare giant squid in the waters off the Dingle coast in Ireland, two months after their first. The Cú na Mara had been trawling the area where they had found their first giant squid when they landed their surprise second.
See the Photos of the First Real Tesla Model 3 The First Tesla Model 3 Is Coming on Friday When last we heard about Red Dragon, SpaceX's plan to land the Dragon capsule on Mars, the company was saying it wanted to land not one but two spacecraft on our neighboring planet in 2020 or so. Well, a lot can change in two months. SpaceX chief Elon Musk confirmed today that the company is putting the Red Dragon plan on hold. The project would have involved putting thrusters in the bottom of the Dragon so the capsule could fire them during descent on Mars and touch down gently. It'd be a cool way to land the Dragon on Earth, too. But here's what Musk said to the International Space Station Research and
Deep under Shanghai, workers on a flood-lit construction rig carefully install massive concrete wall sections for a new subway tunnel, adding metre-by-metre to the world's longest metro system. In 2001, four mainland Chinese cities including Beijing and Shanghai had rather limited networks. State media reports say Chinese spending on subway construction could top 2 trillion yuan ($295 billion) from 2016-2020 alone.
A recent survey of children aged eight to 12 found that indoor play is now the norm, a third have never splashed in a puddle and the distance children are allowed to play from home has shrunk by 90% since 1970. Parenting hasn’t only changed in terms of what is considered safe for children. Parents now worry more about the impact of their parenting on their children, feeling pressured to provide a stream of stimulating activities in a way that would have once seemed absurd.
Space buffs, NASA is currently uploading hundreds of stunning archival films to YouTube. Recovered from the archives of NASA's Armstrong Flight Research Center (AFRC) in Edwards, California, the footage covers decades of pivotal research and development undertaken by the agency and Air Force. Among the short clips is footage of space shuttle landing research, tests on the Lunar Landing Research Vehicle, and flights of the first supersonic aircraft, Motherboard reports. To be sure, this footage has long been available to the public but viewing it meant you had to know it existed and know where to find it. The footage was relatively hidden in the Dryden Aircraft Movie Collection, which could be
The world’s most destructive mud volcano was born near the town of Sidoarjo, on the island of Java, Indonesia, just over 11 years ago – and to this day it has not stopped erupting. The mud volcano known as Lusi started on May 29, 2006, and at its peak disgorged a staggering 180,000 cubic metres of mud every day, burying villages in mud up to 40 metres thick. The worst event of its kind in recorded history, the eruption took 13 lives and destroyed the homes of 60,000 people.
President Trump has shown encouraging support for America’s leadership in space, signing the bipartisan NASA Transition and Authorization Act of 2017 that provides for a healthy, balanced program, as well as the 2017 omnibus spending bill, providing needed funds to carry out existing programs. More recently, he signed an Executive Order reestablishing the National Space Council, and Vice President Pence visited the Kennedy Space Center just last week to emphasize the administration’s support for a robust American future in space. This welcome attention to space policy across NASA’s portfolio appears to continue policies that support ongoing operations in low Earth orbit while doubling down
By Tom Westbrook and Jonathan Barrett SYDNEY (Reuters) - Detailed sea-floor maps made during the unsuccessful search for missing Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370, released by Australia on Wednesday, could help increase the knowledge of rich fisheries and the prehistoric movement of the earth's southern continents. Pattiaratchi said the location of seamounts would also help model the impact of tsunamis, given undersea mountains help dissipate their destructive energy, and potentially change our understanding of the break-up of the ancient supercontinent of Gondwana.
Having Neil deGrasse Tyson on the set of Salvation was a special moment for the executive producers — and apparently, it was special for Tyson too. When the renowned astrophysicist filmed his cameo in the pilot, EP Craig Shapiro asked why he agreed to appear on the show, since Tyson no doubt receives millions of offers. “He said he liked the project because it took science and the scientists seriously and their work was treated as serious work and not just a throwaway plot point, and that the scientists were very human and were not robots in a lab somewhere,” Shapiro tells EW.
Indian poultry farms aren’t just rearing chickens — they’re also breeding germs capable of thwarting all but the most potent antibiotics, researchers found. Random tests on 18 poultry farms raising about 50,000 birds each in India’s northwestern state of Punjab found that two-thirds of fowl harbored bacteria that produce special enzymes, known as extended-spectrum beta-lactamase, or ESBL, that destroy most penicillin- and cephalosporin-based antibiotics. Of tested birds destined for meat consumption, 87 percent had the super germs, a study published Thursday in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives showed. That compared with 42 percent of egg-laying hens. Farms supplying India’s biggest
For decades scientists have debated how, where and when the wolf became the dog. Now a new study hints that dogs were domesticated just once, challenging a previous claim about how many times humans befriended canines. In a paper published this week in Nature Communications Krishna Veeramah at Stony Brook University and colleagues argue that dog domestication occurred once, sometime between 20,000 and 40,000 years ago. Early efforts at nailing down the time and place of domestication varied wildly. One set of analyses published in the late 1990s suggested dogs and wolves diverged some 135,000 years ago in the Middle East. A 2009 paper placed the divergence much more recently, at 16,300 years