New images from a NASA satellite indicate that the European Space Agency's experimental Schiaparelli lander created a shallow crater on Mars when it plummeted to the surface last week. ESA lost communication with Schiaparelli shortly before the probe was supposed to touch down on Oct. 19. Two days later, pictures taken by NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter showed a black spot at the landing site — indicating that the probe crashed at speed and may have exploded. ESA said Thursday that more detailed images from the orbiter indicate that Schiaparelli dug a crater some 50 centimeters (nearly 20 inches) deep and about 2.4 meters (7.9 feet) across. It's still analyzing asymmetrical dark markings around
Before the "hearts-for-eyes" face, the praying hands and the notorious eggplant, there was the very first set of emoji — an assortment of small and now-primitive pictographs that include a green coffee mug, a blue airplane and a purple face with two carets for eyes and a tiny rectangle for a mouth. The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York City announced yesterday (Oct. 26) that it has acquired the original 176 emoji for its permanent collection, reported The New York Times. MoMA will feature the emoji in the museum's lobby starting in December, as part of an exhibit that includes other graphics and animations.
Agreement was reached Friday to create a vast US and New Zealand-backed Antarctic marine sanctuary in the Ross Sea -- the world's largest -- at a meeting of the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) in Hobart. Conservationists have been pushing for years to better protect pristine Antarctic waters -- claimed by a host of countries -- from exploitation. Plans were tabled in 2012 to create two massive and remote marine sanctuaries, in the Ross Sea and East Antarctica.
Scientists on Wednesday released new footage of the widespread devastation across Australia's Great Barrier Reef. The reef's northern section suffered the worst coral bleaching event in history earlier this year following an extreme underwater heatwave
Florida's fourth- and eighth-grade students boosted their showing on science tests taken as part of "the nation's report card," posting strong gains in 2015 after a lackluster performance six years ago, according to results released today. The state's fourth graders beat the national average and eighth graders kept pace with it, both improvements from 2009. That year's science test release prompted then education commissioner to lament, "We have significant ground to capture." Florida followed the national trend on the most-recent test, as scores for the nation's fourth and eighth graders also moved up in 2015 compared with 2009. That was the last time students at both grade levels took the National
Last Tuesday, Fossil Free Sweden finally received confirmation from the Nobel Foundation that it does not intend to adopt rigid sustainable investment guidelines which entirely exclude investments in the least sustainable companies on the planet—those driving climate change through the exploitation of fossil fuels. Divest Nobel We at Divest Nobel love the work the Nobel Foundation does in lifting the greatest achievements of mankind for mankind into the public consciousness. There is, to be frank, no other award on this planet is valued or respected more. But this is an intervention—we do not want the institution we love and which has done so much good for mankind, to be linked to an industry
A shipwreck graveyard of more than 40 vessels which lay perfectly preserved for centuries has been discovered by scientists at the bottom of the Black Sea. Researchers came across the ghostly wrecks by chance while mapping the sea floor at depths of between 1,000ft and almost 6,000ft. At those depths there is so little oxygen that the timbers hardly decay – meaning wooden structures and even intricate carvings that are many hundreds of years old are still intact. And they have been brought back to life with 3D imaging technology that reveals detailed pictures of the wrecks without disturbing the seabed. Archaeologists have long believed there was a “dead zone” beneath the surface but had not
10/28/2016 02:24 am ET | Updated 33 minutes ago According to the bi-annual study by the London Zoological Society and the World Wildlife Fund, global wildlife populations have declined by 58% since 1970. Freshwater environments, lakes and streams and their surroundings, says the report, are the most grievously damaged, with on average 81% of their 1970-level non-human animal life now missing. Methodological critiques of the report - deeming its authors to have mashed vast and variegated data excessively into too few signal numbers - abound. But no serious biologist denies that we are in the midst of an enormous extinction event. "Event" is the proper term, although not all mass extinctions
The world's whaling watchdog moved Thursday to curtail Japan's annual whale hunt, conducted under scientific licence but blasted by critics as a commercial meat haul. A resolution on "improving" the review of deadly research programmes, which Japan alone conducts, split the 70-year-old International Whaling Commission (IWC) into familiar camps -- pro- and anti-whaling. It garnered 34 "yes" votes to 17 cast by the camp that includes Japan and commercial whalers Norway and Iceland.
This misshapen pebble is actually the first ever dinosaur brain fossil ever found. On a dark winter night in 2004, Jamie Hiscocks spotted an oddly shaped stone on a beach by his home in Sussex, England. “I could see in my torchlight structured detail on the surface of the object,” Hiscocks, a fossil hunter by trade, told me in an email.
High-powered laser light will be used to protect crops from pests in a trial funded by the European Commission. Researchers at Liverpool John Moores University hope a "fence" of laser light will scare rats and other pests, proving an alternative to poison. The technology will be trialled in Scotland, the Netherlands and Spain starting in November. The National Farmers' Union (NFU) said innovation was important to support the farming industry following Brexit. The European Commission has contributed 1.7m euros ($1.85m, £1.5m) to support the research, the Register reports. "The laser has already been produced," Dr Alex Mason, project co-ordinator of the Life Laser Fence project, told the BBC. "It's
Global warming is likely to change the environment of the Mediterranean region in ways unseen in the past 10,000 years, reshaping forests and turning parts of Europe into desert, researchers warned Thursday. The Mediterranean is known as a hotspot for biodiversity, and it is warming up fast. Already its regional temperatures are 1.3 degrees Celsius higher than the period 1880-1920, said the study in the journal Science.
On Tuesday night, the northern lights put on quite a show for people as far south as Minnesota and Wisconsin, and tonight could bring even more aurora action. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Space Weather Prediction Center is forecasting that a "moderate" geomagnetic storm will continue through Wednesday, possibly bringing the cosmic light show as far south as New York and Idaho. Photographers around the world posted their views of the northern and southern lights on Instagram.
An hour car journey from the Italian city of Florence, through the green and luxuriant Tuscan landscape is all it takes for visitors to reach the thick stone walls of Volterra. The town has been on top of the hills for the past 3,000 years and abounds with archaeological treasures. Inhabited since the Iron Age, Volterra's early history is tied to Etruscan and Roman settlements. Many of the structures built at the time remain in place today – including parts of the city walls that have Etruscan origins. The rich medieval history of Volterra is also impossible to ignore when you stroll along its streets. The old stone buildings and the precious artefacts from very distinct eras are the pride of
The original surface of what many Christians believe is the tomb of Jesus Christ, located in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in the Old City of Jerusalem, has been exposed for the first time in centuries. The restoration project, which is being filmed by National Geographic, will give scientists an unprecedented opportunity to study the original surface of what is considered the most sacred site in Christianity. According to Christian belief, the body of Christ was laid on a shelf — or a “burial bed” — following his crucifixion by the Romans. The analysis of the original rock may enable researchers to better understand the original form of the tomb chamber, National Geographic wrote on its website.
KIC 8462852 is one of the most unusual stars ever spotted in the night sky. It was discovered as early as the 1980s, but it remained quietly out of the limelight until September 2015, when Tabetha S. Boyajian, then a postdoctoral researcher at Yale University, published a study highlighting something unusual going on with the KIC 8462852. The star, which became known as Tabby's Star after Dr. Boyajian's paper was published, has become one of the most intriguing astronomical mysteries in the night sky. While scientists still suspect that the mysterious flickering has some kind of natural explanation, one theory that seems to fit the facts of the case is that Tabby's Star may be surrounded by orbiting pieces of alien technology.
Richard Hoagland told his wife he was going to the hospital in 1993 and never came back. Badly eroded and in happier times Rick certainly and then little boy's fantasy foreign vacations in beautiful within the and it lit. In the Americas. What did you
While thousands of people the world over continue to go solar to generate alternative energy, a lab at the University of Wisconsin-Madison just made a major breakthrough on a completely unique new conductive material: wood pulp. While the mention of wood pulp mention leave many scratching their head, the lab found a way to manufacture floorboards out of the commonly wasted material, and did so in a manner that took advantage of its composition of cellulose nanofibers. In other words, the team of engineers managed to develop a flooring material capable of generating electricity by something as simple as a footstep.
In the ancient swamps of southeast England, a palm-sized clump lay pickling in river sediment for 133 million years. Then a fossil hunter found the stone in 2004. The specimen is the world's first known example of dinosaur brain tissue, according to a special publication by the Geological Society of London released Thursday.
An Israeli firm says a super-efficient engine it has created could drastically reduce fuel consumption and help power an auto industry revolution as manufacturers search for environmentally sound alternatives. Industry analysts, however, question the reinvented internal combustion engine's chances of success at a time when purely electric car technology is advancing and attracting investors. The invention from Israeli-based Aquarius Engines is currently being discussed by France's Peugeot, the firm said.
A mass extinction may drop the number of the planet’s wild animals by two-thirds before the year 2020, a new report claims. According to the researchers, the falling numbers are being caused by hunting, destroyed wild habitats, and pollution. The comprehensive analysis compiled by scientists from WWF and the Zoological Society of London found that animal populations dropped by 58 percent between 1970 and 2012. That same loss is on track to hit 67 percent by 2020. Those animals range from vultures and salamanders, to elephants and gorillas. “The richness and diversity of life on Earth is fundamental to the complex life systems that underpin it,” said Marco Lambertini, director general of WWF.
Think autism and an image of an awkward boy typically emerges. The developmental disorder is at least four times more common in boys, but scientists taking a closer look are finding some gender-based surprises: Many girls with autism have social skills that can mask the condition. The gender effect is a hot topic in autism research and one that could lead to new ways of diagnosing and treating a condition that affects at least 1 in 68 U.S. children.
Marijuana is an ancient plant with borderline mystical properties — just ask the 266 million people who smoke it every year. Hemp, the industrial strain of Cannabis sativa, has been used for many purposes — food, fuel and textiles among them — for tens of thousands of years. Unlike its sister strain, hemp can’t get you high. But much like the drug, it has extraordinary qualities. America is no stranger to hemp. In fact, Betsy Ross sewed the first American flag with hemp and George Washington farmed it at Mt. Vernon. Unfortunately, its full potential was never realized; drug restrictions that banned marijuana suppressed hemp, too. This spurious conflation quashed the industry for about 60 years,
Based upon fundamentals in color psychology, with years of research by color psychologists, the characteristics of certain colors have been identified to cause an emotional response in people. Roughly 30% of female respondents and 33% of male respondents said they disliked the color.
A new look at the genomes of chimpanzees and bonobos has revealed that the two species likely interbred more than 200,000 years ago. This discovery about the demographic history of our closest living relatives may provide us with an opportunity for comparisons with our own history, scientists hope. Chimpanzees and bonobos are known to interbreed when they are in captivity, but it is not clear if they do so in the wild as well. Recent studies into the genomes of chimpanzees and bonobos have suggested that there are four distinct species of chimps – a product of a complex evolutionary history potentially involving gene flows between the two great apes. Despite this, the extent to which they have