Scientists are working to create yeast that operates with custom-made DNA. They have long been able to make specific changes in an organism's DNA. Now, they're pushing into the more radical step of starting over, and building redesigned versions from scratch. Their work is part of a bold and controversial pursuit aimed at creating custom-made DNA codes to be inserted into living cells to change how they function, or even provide treatments for diseases. It could also someday help give scientists the profound and unsettling ability to create entirely new organisms. The genetic code is like a book written with an alphabet of only four letters: A, C, G, and T. Chemical building blocks that correspond
DUBAI/WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Iran successfully tested a rocket that can deliver satellites into orbit, state television reported on Thursday, an action the United States said breaches a U.N. Security Council resolution because of its potential use in ballistic missile development. Iranian state television showed footage of the firing of the rocket, mounted on a launchpad carrying pictures of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, founder of the Islamic Republic, and Supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. The rocket launch violated United Nations Security Council Resolution 2231, State Department spokeswoman Heather Nauert said on Thursday.
President Donald Trump said today (July 26) that transgender individuals could not serve in the military. "After consultation with my Generals and military experts, please be advised that the United States Government will not accept or allow … transgender individuals to serve in any capacity in the U.S. Military," Trump tweeted. "Our military must be focused on decisive and overwhelming … victory and cannot be burdened with the tremendous medical costs and disruption that transgender in the military would entail," he continued in another tweet.
U.S. scientists have genetically modified human embryos.
A construction permit should be granted for a giant telescope planned for a Hawaii mountain summit that some consider sacred, a hearings officer recommended Wednesday. Retired judge Riki May Amano, who is overseeing contested-case hearings for the Thirty Meter Telescope, had been weighing facts in the case since June, after hearing oftentimes emotional testimony that spanned 44 days. The $1.4 billion project has divided those who believe the telescope will desecrate land atop Mauna Kea held sacred by some Native Hawaiians and those who believe it will provide Hawaii with economic and educational opportunities.
Out-of-control wildfires like the ones that brought destruction to southern Europe, North America and parts of South Africa in recent weeks will likely become more frequent as global temperatures soar under climate change, experts say. More than 10,000 people had to flee raging fires in southern France this week, and several villages were evacuated in Portugal just weeks after another blaze killed more than 60 people there. In South Africa in June, nine people died and some 10,000 people were evacuated from their homes as fires raged through the drought-stricken Western Cape region, while this month some 40,000 people have had to flee wildfires in western Canada, where officials declared a state of emergency.
For you and I, the upcoming total solar eclipse on August 21st will be a pretty stunning spectacle — as long as the weather cooperates and you’re in a position to catch it as it unfolds — but for NASA scientists it’s also a fantastic opportunity to conduct some research. If you’re in the right spot for the eclipse, you’ll get a fantastic view of the sun’s corona, and researchers are looking forward to the opportunity to observe and analyze it. In order to get the most out of the eclipse, NASA is planning on flying special research jets along the path of the eclipse in the United States.
NEW YORK (AP) — "Pharma Bro" Martin Shkreli has kept up his trademark trolling on social media during his securities fraud trial — calling the case "bogus" — but the jury won't hear him defend himself in court. Closing arguments are set for Thursday, with deliberations expected to begin as early as Friday. Although not part of the case, the price-gouging scandal has hung over the trial and burdened Shkreli with a likability deficit that made it even more of a longshot that he would testify.
Extremely rare footage of a megamouth shark has been captured off the coast of Indonesia. British diver Penny Bielich was diving at the Gili Lawa Laut off Komodo Island when the megamouth shark passed over her. Her diving partner, Heikki Innanen, told her to get her camera and she managed to film the shark as it swam by. In the 26 second clip, you can see the large shark swim past—seemingly unperturbed by Bielich’s presence—before it disappears into the distance. Megamouth sharks are elusive creatures, with scientists having only ever encountered 102 specimens. While the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists them as being of least concern, meaning it is not considered to
NASA launched its newest app this week designed to motivate the average person to be a citizen scientist during the upcoming solar eclipse. Space Scientist Elizabeth Macdonald told Fox News the Globe Observer app was designed by a NASA-supported research program called the Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment, better known as GLOBE. The initiative encourages students and members of the public to collect and analyze environmental observations. “This is apart of a citizens' science project - so that people all across the country can report all the changes they see,” Macdonald explained. “Those can help us understand better how these clouds change and occur during a rare event
According to NASA, the main iceberg, known as A-68A, continues to move northward, away from the Larsen C Ice Shelf. #A68 update: New #Sentinel1 time series 6-24 July: the #iceberg continuing to break up and drift further from #LarcenC ice shelf.
July 26 (UPI) -- A team of American and Swiss paleontologists have identified one of the earliest large predatory fish species from the Triassic period. Scientists suggest the large-mouthed fish dominated the seas in the aftermath of the Permian-Triassic extinction event. The extinction event separating the Permian and Triassic periods occurred 252 million years ago. It was the most devastating extinction event in the planet's history. Roughly nine out of every ten marine species perished. But the latest discovery proves at least one sizable fish predator survived. The remains of Birgeria americana were found in Nevada. During the Triassic, Nevada and its neighbors were underwater. Only a handful
WASHINGTON — A Senate appropriations subcommittee approved a spending bill July 25 that would provide NASA with $19.5 billion, striking a middle ground between the administration's original request and a more generous House bill. The commerce, justice and science subcommittee (CJS) approved the bill in a brief markup session, delayed by more than an hour due to a procedural vote on the Senate floor about healthcare legislation. The full Senate Appropriations Committee is scheduled to mark up the bill July 27. While the committee has yet to release the bill, the summary of the bill notes it provides $19.53 billion for NASA, $437 million above the administration's request for fiscal year 2018.
To raise awareness about prediabetes, a new campaign features something most people can't resist — adorable animal videos. With videos staring puppies, hedgehogs and baby goats, the campaign aims to teach people about their risk of prediabetes by walking them through a brief, 1-minute prediabetes risk test. "So is taking a 1-minute prediabetes risk test," the ad says.
Bormes-les-Mimosas (France) (AFP) - Huge fires that forced mass evacuations in southern France were under control Thursday, allowing holidaymakers and residents in the worst-hit area to return to their accommodation and homes. Blazes that raged in hills around the village of Bormes-les-Mimosas, near beaches popular with tourists on the Cote d'Azur, forced 10,000 people to be evacuated from the region overnight Tuesday. Hundreds of firefighters and a fleet of planes dropping water on the burning trees and bushland have contained the blazes, meaning people who spent two nights in emergency centres or sleeping on beaches could return home.
Not since Concorde was removed from service in October 2003 has a commercial airliner flown at beyond the speed of sound. Famously, a plane breaking the sound barrier provokes a "sonic boom" - a cacophonous whip-crack which, if it erupts close enough to the ground, can cause windows to break and complaints to be issued. Contrary to perception - and in spite of the popular consensus that the plane was generally a success in its 27 years of active service - supersonic flight over the US is banned, and has been since 1973.
Wealthy investors say former biotech CEO Martin Shkreli told them he was managing tens of millions of dollars' worth of investments, that they were making double-digit returns and they could withdraw their money at any time. Prosecutors in closing arguments Thursday at Shkreli's securities fraud trial said it was all a brazen con. The defense countered that no one should feel sorry for the alleged victims because they were high-rollers who ended up doubling or tripling their money.
A conservation group says nearly a fifth of the forest in an orangutan sanctuary on the Indonesian part of Borneo has been taken over by people, threatening efforts to rehabilitate the critically endangered great apes for release into the wild. People thought to have migrated from other parts of Indonesia have occupied part of the sanctuary, cut down trees and planted crops including palm oil, Borneo Orangutan Survival Foundation spokesman Nico Hermanu said Thursday. The human activities are near a "forest school" where more than 20 orangutans live semi-independently and learn how to find food, build nests and other skills they need for survival — a crucial part of their rehabilitation from trauma often inflicted by people, who take babies for pets or kill the animals for wandering into plantations.
Elon Musk, billionaire entrepreneur and CEO of SpaceX and Tesla, is digging into his tunnel-making business. The business, known as The Boring Company, was inspired by the soul-crushing traffic congestion Musk experienced in Los Angeles. The aim is to find a way cost-effectively dig networks of tunnels for vehicles and high-speed trains.
(CNN)If you were looking to space for extra-terrestrial life, maybe it's time to look in the mirror. A new study claims we might all be part-alien. Supercomputer simulations conducted by a team of astrophysicists at Northwestern University suggest that each of us -- and everything in our galaxy -- may have been expelled vast distances across the universe by exploding supernovas. Thrown into space with such force, streams of charged atoms are blasted away from their original galaxy's gravitational pull and carried to our Milky Way on "powerful galactic winds." Daniel Angles-Alcazar, a postdoctoral fellow at Northwestern in Illinois who led the study, told CNN that the team created intricate 3-D
Since you were a child you've probably been led to believe that rainbows are half-circles, right? It was shot by a crane operator working on the 1,500 ft tall Lakhta Centre skyscraper in St Petersburg, Russia. In theory, every rainbow is a circle, but thanks to the Earth's curvature, only the upper half can be seen.
In a flurry of activity last week, Anthony Scaramucci became the White House communications director while President Trump accepted Sean Spicer’s resignation. In doing so, President Trump gave one of the biggest microphones in the world to someone who believes the Earth is 5,500 years old. Scaramucci, one of many Wall Streeters who now influence the Trump Administration, is known for his business acumen as a salesman. Unfortunately, that does not translate into the realm of science, to which Scaramucci unfoundedly disagrees with basic conclusions of science. In an interview on CNN in 2016 Scaramucci compared the consensus on climate change to the once held belief that the world is flat. First,
A child in South Africa who was born with HIV has been virtually free of the virus for nearly nine years now and didn't take anti-HIV drugs for most of that time, according to a new report of the case. The child was treated with HIV medications early in life, but has not received anti-HIV drugs for eight and a half years, according to the researchers, who reported the case today (July 24) at an international AIDS conference in Paris. The researchers hope that by studying this child, they may gain a better understanding of how a person's body can, in some cases, control HIV without the use of daily drugs.
Although in this case, we're talking miles, not inches, as scientists are sending telescopes up on airplanes to monitor conditions on the Sun and Mercury during the upcoming total eclipse. Weather permitting, the Great American Eclipse (as some are calling it) will be at least partially visible from anywhere in the continental U.S. on August 21. Scientists at the Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) have announced plans to mount monitoring equipment on NASA research planes. The telescopes, which contain super-sensitive, high-speed, and infrared cameras, will rise 50,000 feet (about 9.5 miles) above the Earth's surface to sneak a very special peek at the goings-on in our Sun and its nearest planetary buddy.
In 2006, Fei-Fei Li started ruminating on an idea. Li, a newly-minted computer science professor at University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, saw her colleagues across academia and the AI industry hammering away at the same concept: a better algorithm would make better decisions, regardless of the data.