GUANAJUATO, Mexico (AP) — Pope Benedict XVI reached out to the future of the church in Mexico on Saturday, telling a gathering of children to be messengers of peace in their often-violent country.
The pope reserved his only public remarks of the day for a gathering of about 4,000 children and their parents massed in Peace Plaza in the city of Guanajuato, telling them that they are each a "gift of God to Mexico and the world."
Referring indirectly to the drug-fueled violence plaguing Mexico, he urged them all to be messengers of peace.
"The disciple of Jesus does not respond to evil with evil, but is always an instrument of good instead, a herald of pardon, a bearer of happiness, a servant of unity," Benedict said. "I will pray for all of you, so that Mexico may be a place in which everyone can live in serenity and harmony."
"We're excited to hear his words, not just for this moment, but to carry in our lives and to know God better," said 17-year-old Fabiola Gonzalez, who traveled by bus with a group of 45 teenage girls from Guadalajara to the plaza. "We hope they will last more than this week."
Benedict was interrupted several times by the cheering crowd that had gathered hours beforehand for an intimate encounter with the 84-year-old pope on one of his few public outings in Mexico.
Tens of thousands, many of them teenagers, watched his remarks on big screen televisions in a nearby pilgrim camp at the site of the papal Mass planned for Sunday. The atmosphere was like a rock concert as the TVs showed the pope emerging on a balcony in nearby Guanajuato, with campers letting go a roaring chant of "Benedicto, Benedicto."
The focus on youth fits with the Vatican's drive to re-evangelize parts of the world where Roman Catholicism has fallen by the wayside, trying to rally the next generation to embrace a faith that their parents may have abandoned. While Europe has certainly been Benedict's focus to date, Mexico also has seen its number of Catholics fall.
"The Mexican church feels like it's lost a few generations of Catholics," said Joseph Palacios, a professor of Latin American studies at Georgetown University, citing the battles over liberation theology that drove many left-leaning Catholics away. To get back its numbers, the Mexican church is "moving forward with the new generation," he said.
Even as Benedict was receiving a rapturous welcome from young Catholics, his first full day in Mexico was not without criticism — particularly concerning the church's treatment of children and sexual abuse.
Victims of the late Marcial Maciel on Saturday launched a new book containing documents on the Vatican's alleged cover-up of sexual abuse of seminarians by Maciel, who founded the Legionaries of Christ. Questions about the Vatican's handling of Maciel and his victims have grown in the lead-up to Benedict's arrival.
Benedict took over the Legion in 2010 after the order finally admitted that Maciel had molested seminarians and fathered three children with two women. The documentation in the new book, said author Jose Barba, one of the victims, demonstrates that the Vatican had information against Maciel as early as 1944 and particularly in the mid-1950s, when the Holy See launched its first investigation into the Mexican-born Maciel.
Alberto Athie, former priest and one of three co-authors of "The Desire Not to Know," called on Benedict to publicly recognize the church's responsibility for Maciel's abuse.
"The church won't fall. On the contrary, it will be reconstructed," he said.
The pope did not talk about this abuse scandal in his limited remarks.
At the entrance to Guanajuato, Benedict received the keys to the city and then traveled by popemobile past faithful crowded along the cobblestone streets of the historic colonial-era city, which was the birthplace of Mexican independence and an armed uprising against harsh anti-clerical laws in the 1920s.
People packed narrow streets, balconies and rooftops and cheered wildly even as it started to sprinkle. Children and teenagers ran through crowds as Benedict passed to catch another glimpse of him. At one point, someone handed him a baby through an open window of the bulletproof popemobile. He kissed the baby and an aide passed the child back.
As he left his residence in the city of Leon in late afternoon for his meeting with President Felipe Calderon in Guanajuato, Benedict went out of his way to bless dozens of babies handed up to him by their parents. While such gestures are routine papal fare, Benedict seemed to zero in on the children in the crowd.
"We young people are getting closer to the church and to God, instead of getting closer to drugs and violence," said Juan Daniel Pacheco, 18, of Apaseo el Grande in Guanajuato state as he sought shade with his friends at one of the campgrounds that were quickly filling with faithful arriving for Sunday's Mass. "We are young people who will be able to change Mexico."
Benedict has taken up Pope John Paul II's drive to reach out to young Catholics, following in his footsteps by rallying millions of young faithful to join him for World Youth Days, the Catholic youth festivals held once every three years. The next edition is scheduled for Rio de Janiero.
He awoke to the pre-dawn serenade of two dozen youths from a Guadalajara church group who sang him a traditional folk song after getting as close as security would allow to the college in Leon where the pontiff is staying during his three-day visit to Mexico.
"We sang with all our heart and all our force," said Maria Fernanda de Luna, a member of the group. "It gave us goose bumps to sing 'Las Mananitas' for him."
Of the 43.5 million Mexicans under age 20, 36.2 million are Catholic, or 83.2 percent, just under the national average. The largest group of Mexicans overall are children aged 5 to 9 — a prime target for Benedict's efforts to rebuild a church that has fallen victim to the same secular trends that have emptied churches across Europe.
Benedict will greet tens of thousands of young faithful Sunday, when he celebrates Mass in the enormous Bicentennial Park.
The weeklong trip to Mexico and Cuba is Benedict's first to both countries, and only his second to Latin America. He visited Brazil in 2007.
Many said the pope's message of peace and unity would help heal their country, traumatized by the deaths of more than 47,000 people in a drug war that has escalated during a government offensive against cartels that began at the end of 2006.
Teens on Saturday said the damage of violence and drug use emphasized the importance of staying on a religious path.
"I've been drawn closer to all that is spiritual because it helps me in life," said Carla Patricia Maldonado Moreno, 15, of nearby Celaya. "I know I'm not going to surrender to whatever obstacle."
Pilgrims streamed into the camps from all over Mexico and as far away as Phoenix, Arizona.
Paula Zazueta traveled 40 hours by bus from Phoenix with 43 people, who first went to Mexico City to see the shrine of the Virgin of Guadalupe and later to the camp in Silao to await the Mass.
"The blessings he will give us are important," said Zazueta, who owns a video production company.
"It is faith that moves us," said Alejandra Angoa, 34, a handicrafts-maker from the state of Tlaxcala. She walked alongside people of all ages carrying sleeping bags, coolers, backpacks, rolling suitcases and jugs of water.
Marcela Perez, 35, was exhausted after the trek and huddled in the only shade she could find alongside a portable toilet. But she did not regret coming.
"I think it's worth it," she said. "He is the head, the rock for us who have been baptized, for the church. It's a unique experience."
Associated Press writer Adriana Gomez Licon reported this story in Guanajuato and Nicole Winfield reported in Leon. AP writers Michael Weissenstein in Silao and E. Eduardo Castillo in Leon contributed to this report.
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