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FILE - In this Dec. 14, 1980, file photo, New York Mayor Ed Koch stands among Beatles' fans paying tribute to the late John Lennon during a silent vigil that was called by Mayor Koch in New York's Central Park. Koch, the combative politician who rescued the city from near-financial ruin during three City Hall terms, has died at age 88. Spokesman George Arzt says Koch died Friday morning Feb. 1, 2013 of congestive heart failure.(AP Photo/Rene Perez, File)

Ed Koch, former NYC mayor

February 1, 2013

Ed Koch, the brash, colorful and often confrontational mayor who helped

to lead New York City out of its brush with bankruptcy in the 1970s,

launching an astonishing municipal turnaround that continues to this

day, died on Feb. 1 at the age of 88. Funeral services were held Feb. 4.