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FILE - This 1944 file photo shows Ed Koch during his service in the U.S. Army in France. Koch, the combative politician who rescued the city from near-financial ruin during three City Hall terms, has died at age 88. Spokesman George Arzt says Koch died Friday morning Feb. 1, 2013 of congestive heart failure. (AP Photo/File)

Ed Koch, former NYC mayor

February 1, 2013

Ed Koch, the brash, colorful and often confrontational mayor who helped

to lead New York City out of its brush with bankruptcy in the 1970s,

launching an astonishing municipal turnaround that continues to this

day, died on Feb. 1 at the age of 88. Funeral services were held Feb. 4.