chris: American History & How slavery happened in America.
During the Almoravid Empire 1062-1269 southern Spain and western Africa were part of the same country. As Christians regained control of Iberia in the 1300’s and 1400’s they were well aware of territory of the Almoravids and later the Mali Empire in the south. With Spain’s retaking of Iberia, several caliphates and emirates popped up along northwest Africa.
Spain was fighting the Mali empire and the Mali empire was enslaving black Africans and converting them to Islam to fight Spain, Spain sailed around south of the Mali empire and set up a fort and enslaved black Africans from the Dahomey, Ebo, and Yoruba tribes and converted them to Christianity to fight the Mali empire.
England went through the Protestant reformation in the 1600s and went to war with Ireland and Spain even attacked England because of it.
England didn’t take over Serra Leone or South Africa until 1800 and slave imports to the US ended in 1807.... the south wasn’t even settled until after 1814 and the war of 1812/creek Indian war.
Black slavery in the US happened mostly because after the US revolution, France had a revolution and Haitian slaves revolted during the Napoleonic wars.
A short history of Haiti - Christopher Columbus landed in Santo Domingo 1492, all of Santo Domingo was under Spanish control in the 1500s and 1600s, In the early 1700s France took half of the island in a war with Spain and named it Haiti. France shipped some slaves from Haiti to French mainland colonies in Mobile, Biloxi and New Orleans in the early 1700's.
In 1763 The British took Mobile and Biloxi but in 1763 there were less than 1000 inhabitants at Mobile, which was for a time in the early 1700’s the Capital of French Louisiana, and only a few hundred of that were slaves. In 1780, during the American revolution Spain took Mobile, but The United States claimed Mobile, and eventually worked out an agreement.
Belize was founded as a Spanish settlement originally; but was small and taken over by English pirates. Jamaica is right beside Belize. The Caribbean accent is a pirate accent. The English bought only a few African slaves from Spain and Portugal.
Pirates sold most slaves in ports in Jamaica with some going to ports in Carolina in the early 1700’s after taking them from French and Spanish ships in the Caribbean.
Pirates also robbed and looted entire cities in Carolina, such as Black Beards siege of a town in present day South Carolina. Black Beard (Edward Teach) received a royal pardon in 1717, but went back to piracy and was killed in a battle with troops sent by the governor of Virginia in 1718. Black Beards infamous ship "Queen Anne's Revenge" was a French merchant ship Black Beard took from the French and outfitted with 40 cannons.
In the 1790s France took Santo Domingo also. Shortly after France had a revolution and over threw King Louis XVI and attempted to have democracy, but failed and a military leader, Napoleon Bonaparte named himself emperor of France. With France at war in Europe, Slaves in Haiti revolted in 1801, and many of the white Haitian fled to the US. In 1803, France sold the Louisiana Purchase to the US. In 1807 the US and Great Britain agreed to ban slave imports, and the US was attempting to settle the southeast. In 1809 France made a treaty with Spain and ceded Santo Domingo back to Spain and many black Haitians fearing re-enslavement or death fled to the US, a slave revolt followed in French Speaking New Orleans in 1811 and was put down, and many of the black Haitians were re-enslaved and white Haitians tried to establish slavery in the US.
After settling of the south began in 1815, the United States and Britain, who controlled Montreal, set out a plan to send as many people to Africa as wanted to go. The British and US wanted a way to keep Spain from re-establishing in Serra Leone. In 1822 ships set sail for Liberia with former slaves.
Spain tried to gain influence and through economic alliances with the slave trade after the US ended up with Florida and Texas in 1845 and California in 1850. Slavery increased after rapidly in the 1840s and was the top political debate of the 1850's.
When the federal government pushed to abolish slavery completely, slave owners who had gotten political pressed the issue of states’ rights. The Whig political party was oppose to slavery but gridlocked on states’ rights. In the late 1850's the Whig party split in half and some began the Republican Party as oppose to slavery.
In 1860 Abraham Lincoln was elected on the platform to abolish slavery, the civil war started the following year. One of Abrahams Lincoln's most famous speeches was "Every man has the right to be free, but no man has the right to do what is wrong."
Slavery existed in both Canada and Mexico. Slavery In New York got banned right after it did in Canada and that was the 1830s, the south got settled after 1838 and a connection to New Orleans and slavery kicked in in the south.
15,000 Native Americans stayed in southeast after 1838 and by 1860 there was admiration for Andrew Jacksons "states right' democratic party, but the same democratic states rights ideas created resentment also for the same federal governments forced removal of American Indians, which was caused by Andrew Jackson. Having family spread across the southeast, the Choctaw, Chickasaw, Cherokee, Creek and Seminole sided with the south, including a Cherokee General in the Confederate army. The north as well had American Indians, and after the war’s end, Native Americans also expanded west into the age of cowboys and railroads.
In 1863 the President of Haiti sold Haiti back into Spanish colonial rule.
600,000 US citizens died in the Civil War
200,000 slaves were freed
(These numbers are Estimates as the actual numbers and censuses have been distorted to drive the slave population into the millions and completely remove American Indians. According to a population census for Alabama alone the slave population shows over 400,000 slaves in 1860. This would of been impossible as only one man was ever a major slave trader in Alabama, Nathanial Whitfield, and his Father in law (Augustus Foshee) is known to of only had 137 slaves, and most slavery didn’t exist until after 1838. To add to that 80% of all slaves in Alabama existed in only 5 counties along the Tombigbee River in the extreme western part of the state, and that was Indian Territory until 1838. Again Native Americans have been removed from that 1860 population census. According to a census taken in 1832, leading up to the Trail of Tears, there were 8,522 Creek Indians, 457 of which were slaves, in the eastern third of Alabama. Only around half of those went on the journey to Oklahoma and the remaining would of been counted as American citizens).