NEW RATES: Portugal's government has published new tax rates that critics say will deepen hardship and doom hopes for an economic recovery.
MIDDLE CLASS HIT: Someone earning €41,000 a year will now pay 45 percent income tax, compared with 35.5 percent previously. The latest measures also include a 3.5 percent surcharge tax on everyone's earnings. Tax-deductible items such as mortgages and health care are also cut.
CALLED UNAVOIDABLE: Trade unions, business leaders and opposition parties say the new taxes will reduce spending power and compound the recession. Finance Minister Vitor Gaspar says they are unavoidable if Portugal is to meet the debt targets stipulated in the bailout agreement.