Nato leaders will try on Thursday to move beyond the demands of Donald Trump, the US president, for higher defence spending, and focus on ending the long war in Afghanistan, in the second day of a summit in Brussels underscored by transatlantic tensions.
On a trip that will also take Trump to Britain and to Helsinki to meet Russia's Vladimir Putin, the president spent the first day of the Nato summit lambasting allies for failing to spend the targeted 2 percent of GDP on defence and accused Germany of being a prisoner to Russian energy.
Trump, in a late-night post on Twitter, wrote: "Billions of additional dollars are being spent by Nato countries since my visit last year, at my request, but it isn’t nearly enough. US spends too much."
It followed an uncomfortable first round at the summit where anxious Western allies were subjected to the U.S. president's "America first" approach.
His comment that Germany was controlled by Russia earned a rebuke from Berlin.
Nato defence expenditure and major annual exercises involving US troops
On day two, leaders will welcome non-Nato partners including Afghan President Ashraf Ghani and Ukraine's Petro Poroshenko to the alliance's new glass-and-steel headquarters as they seek to focus on policy rather than politics.
British Prime Minister Theresa May tried to set the tone on Wednesday by announcing more troops for Nato's Afghan training mission.
"We will be deploying an additional 440 personnel to Nato's Resolute Support mission in Afghanistan and I think that shows when Nato calls, the UK is one of the first to step up," May told reporters.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization chief Jens Stoltenberg wants leaders to agree to fund Afghan security forces until 2024, despite public fatigue in Western countries about their involvement in the conflict.
NATO | Member countries
Funding has averaged at about $1 billion annually and Stoltenberg has said he expected that level to be met.
Leaders will be keen to hear more about Trump's military approach to Afghanistan, which he revamped last August to include a surge in air strikes to force Taliban militants to the negotiating table.
U.S. officials have told Reuters that Washington is preparing another review of strategy, a year after Trump begrudgingly agreed to extend involvement in the 17-year-old war.
Trump was opposed to remaining in America's longest war, but his advisers convinced him to give it more time. He authorized the deployment of an additional 3,000 troops, bringing the total to around 15,000.