India Turned a Manhunt Into Mass Repression. The Media Is Failing to Tell the Right Story

Punjab Police Clear Sohana Chowk In Mohali Of Amritpal Singh's Supporters
Punjab Police Clear Sohana Chowk In Mohali Of Amritpal Singh's Supporters

Punjab police forcefully removed the supporters of protesting against the Police action against Waris Panjab de Head Amritpal Singh from sohana light point of International Airport Road on Tuesday March 21, 2023 in Mohali, India. Credit - Sanjeev Sharma/Hindustan Times

This past week, the Indian government shut down internet access for 27 million people and denied the right to assemble freely in the north Indian state of Punjab.


Because the Indian government has decided that capturing Amritpal Singh, a 30-year-old-Sikh political activist is more important than people’s human rights.

Singh (no relation to me) openly airs his grievances about India’s disenfranchisement of Sikhs, as well as injustices committed by the government against other minorities in India. In his advocacy, he has raised the possibility of creating a nation-state for Sikhs from their historic homeland of Punjab.

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Last month, as part of a larger campaign to protest what he said are wrongfully detained Sikh prisoners, Singh led a contingent to a police station in Punjab to demand the release of a member of his organization, Waris Punjab De (“the heirs of Punjab”). The confrontation turned violent, and afterward protestors claimed police officers had charged them with batons; the police said it was Singh’s group that instigated the violence.

Whatever the reality, the Indian state took the incident as cause for a manhunt for Singh and to arrest more than 100 others. India has also taken the occasion to abuse fundamental human rights, including severe restrictions on freedom of assembly and freedom of expression. The government shut down internet communications and text messaging across Punjab, which in itself the United Nations Human Rights Office said undermines a range of human rights.

Rather than focus on the government’s repressive tactics, most news coverage of the lockdown — in India and abroad — has centered on Singh’s political views. This is not surprising. A dashing but possibly dangerous religious leader evading a region-wide manhunt makes for a good story. But reporting on it can lead journalists to accept government narratives about the original violence and its response to it.

Most importantly, the drama shifts attention from people who are suffering human rights abuses. The current news coverage is so enthralled by the story and spectacle of a perceived national security threat that it neglects to question those narratives or consider the full dimensions of the events. Journalists can and must do better.

I’ll confess, I don’t know much about Amritpal Singh. All I had really heard about him before this month is that he was a Sikh activist devoted to mitigating drug abuse in Punjab. I understand he has become an influential leader in Punjab over the last year and has reportedly led marches of thousands of people. But India’s overwhelming response to the police station clash suggests that, to the state, his growing influence represents a dire and immediate threat.

This response should be familiar to reporters. Labeling someone a violent anti-national has become a recurring strategy in quelling political dissent in India. Just two years ago, I wrote about the Indian government’s frequent use of anti-national rhetoric to defame social protests and justify human rights violations, including with nationwide protests against the Citizenship Amendment Act, which codified discrimination against Muslims, and the yearlong farmers’ protests, which also began in Punjab, largely among Sikhs.

It should be obvious from current events that the Indian government’s commitment to democratic norms wasn’t that robust in the first place. Imagine if the U.S. government cracked down on the entire state of Texas (whose population is about the size of Punjab), suspending democratic rights and putting thousands of troops on the street, in order to conduct a search for one person.

Equally revealing are the other activists the police have detained in Punjab in recent days, who include the respected human rights lawyer Jaspal Singh Manjhpur. If this was really about a single individual, why would the government arrest those who speak out against human rights abuses?

The police actions in Punjab are reminiscent of the Sikh massacre of June 1984. After imposing a media shutdown, the Indian military took control Darbar Sahib of Amritsar, the most significant site for Sikhs, purportedly to flush out a Sikh leader, Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale. The operation resulted in the deaths of thousands of Sikh worshipers, including women and children, the detention of thousands more, and the destruction of historic Sikh sites and artifacts. Forty other Sikh gurdwaras were attacked.

Why? To capture one man?

In the 1980s, the Indian state controlled the media, one news channel, and therefore the narrative. There was only and it was government-run. Today, we have dozens of outlets, hundreds of journalists, and access to social media. There’s no reason we should be limited to the state’s version of events.

As countries and leaders in many places today continue their rapid slide into fascism and despotism, journalists’ questions become more necessary and urgent.

The world knows that India is currently engulfed by right-wing nationalism and is promoting a supremacist worldview and enables dehumanization of minorities. Keeping this in mind, it’s not difficult to connect the dots to the strategies the Indian state uses to strengthen its hold while weakening dissent.

To a keen observer, the formula is apparent:

First, limit the possibility for sharing information. Today, this often means shutting down the internet. For each of the past five years, India has led the world in internet shutdowns, with at least 84 shutdowns in 2022. The internet enables free expression and exchange, and is key to the functioning of modern democracies.

Next, spread misinformation. Stoke fears through rumors, lies, and propaganda to create mistrust within and among communities. Invoking religious fanaticism and activating people’s fear of political instability is especially effective. Ensure that anyone not buying into the regime’s mythology is punished.

Lastly, keep each community’s repression and its particular story discrete. Don’t let people see the operating framework that is being used against multiple communities; in India’s case, against Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, and so many others. When done well, people will have no idea that the same strategies are being used similarly to pacify different communities.

What’s remarkable is that accomplished, well-trained journalists fall for this formula. I have seen little reporting on why Punjab’s Sikhs have mistrust for the Indian state, why the government is censoring journalists or on the human rights abuses that bring legitimate concerns about state violence.

The least the journalist community can do is what they are trained for: Dig beneath the superficial, connect the dots, and ask tough questions of authority.

When we fail to do that, it’s not just a failure to the profession. It’s a failure to serve those amongst us who need us the most.

Published in collaboration with Religion News Service