How New Hampshire’s 7,000 miles of snowmobile trails are maintained

Snowmobilers pictured on the Northern Rail Trail Corridor 2 from Andover to Canaan.
Snowmobilers pictured on the Northern Rail Trail Corridor 2 from Andover to Canaan.

For snowmobile clubs in the North Country, the equipment necessary to maintain trails can cost up to $350,000, said Dan Gould, director of the New Hampshire Snowmobile Association.

Those responsible for the upkeep are mostly volunteers, too. That’s why each year, in a public-private partnership, the state’s Bureau of Trails enters into “grant-in-aid” agreements with nonprofit snowmobile clubs for the purpose of grooming approximately 7,000 miles of trails.

Every year, the clubs – with names like the Scrub Oak Scramblers and Belmont Bogie Busters – spend approximately 28,000 hours on trail grooming, according to the NHSA.

On the table this year is more than $2.6 million in agreements with roughly 100 independent clubs. Grant-in-aid agreements, which have been in place for decades, are the model used by most of the U.S. and Canada to maintain snowmobile trails, Gould said. Each year in New Hampshire, there are two application periods – winter and summer – for snowmobile clubs to tell the state their plans for their local trails and how they would use the money.

A conga line of snowmobilers makes its way down Signal Mountain in Coos County.
A conga line of snowmobilers makes its way down Signal Mountain in Coos County.

The state uses annual snowmobile registration revenue to fund the grant-in-aid program. As user-funded recreation, snowmobilers pay a registration fee each year, which goes to the Bureau of Trails and the Fish and Game Department. In addition to the grant-in-aid program, the fee also funds operations, maintenance, the registration program itself, law enforcement, and safety education.

During the 2022-2023 winter, there were 37,641 registered snowmobiles in New Hampshire, indicative of the revered activity’s popularity in the state. The annual “Race Into Winter” Grass Drags and Watercross event on Columbus Day Weekend in Fremont, for example, is one of the largest snowmobile events in the world.

“When there is statewide snow coverage, you can pretty much snowmobile anywhere across the state into Canada, Maine, or Vermont,” Gould said. “And the amazing thing about a snowmobile, you can go places you could never get to otherwise.”

Snowmobile trail maintenance is a little-understood endeavor for those who aren’t involved in it. Approximately 80 percent of the state’s snowmobile trails are on private property, and the clubs are responsible, with landowner permission, for their upkeep. Meanwhile, the Bureau of Trails maintains those located on state land.

Once awarded by the state, the grant-in-aid funds are limited to certain uses, such as materials for trail construction and maintenance, renting and purchasing equipment, parking lot snow removal, and trail signs. They don’t pay for the volunteers operating the equipment, much of which is done overnight when the trails aren’t crowded and the temperature is most desirable for grooming.

Perhaps the most important, and expensive, piece of equipment used to maintain trails is a snow “groomer.” Some clubs may have multiple groomers, depending on how frequented their area is and the amount of land they maintain.

Used on both ski mountains and snowmobile trails, groomers, which can resemble bulldozers, pull a 15- to 20-foot-long “drag” equipped with cutting edges. As it passes over the trail, usually bumpy and jagged from use, it cuts off the tops of bumps and dumps the snow into holes elsewhere. In essence, it packs snow, levels the trail, and improves overall conditions.

Those who want to operate grooming equipment have to pass a state certification test.

Gould said that during peak snowmobiling season up north, for example, some clubs “may go out every night” with groomers.

Historically, snowmobile clubs have supplemented grant-in-aid agreements with fundraising. But when the COVID-19 pandemic struck, those efforts suffered greatly. After pleas from the Bureau of Trails and the state association, Gov. Chris Sununu authorized that $250,000 in CARES Act funding be used as economic support for snowmobile clubs experiencing fundraising interruptions. Thirty clubs received funding as a result.

The NH Snowmobile Trail Map shows approximately 7,000 miles of trails across the state.
The NH Snowmobile Trail Map shows approximately 7,000 miles of trails across the state.

This story was originally published by the New Hampshire Bulletin

This article originally appeared on Portsmouth Herald: How New Hampshire’s 7,000 miles of snowmobile trails are maintained