By Sebastien Malo
PISCATAWAY, N.J. (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - A United Nations panel of scientists seeking ways for nations to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius should not dissuade governments from concentrating on bleaker scenarios of higher temperatures as well, its former chief said on Wednesday.
Nations should be considering the potential impact of temperature rises of much as 4 degrees Celsius (7.2 Fahrenheit), said Robert Watson, former head of the U.N. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
The U.N. panel was assigned to find ways to limit global warming to 1.5C (2.7F) after a 195-nation climate change summit in Paris in December.
Most of those nations signed the climate change deal in April, pledging to seek a 2C degrees limit and make efforts towards a 1.5C level as well.
Some scientists have questioned whether limiting global warming to 1.5C is realistic and if the world's industrialized nations are willing to make such deep cuts in greenhouse gas emissions.
Speaking at a Rutgers University conference with the current IPCC chair, Hoesung Lee, Watson said: "Is it feasible technically? Worth analysing, basically?"
"I hope we don't lose sight however of what are the impacts of a 3 to 4 degree world," said Watson, who chaired the IPCC from 1997 to 2002.
"The reason is if we don't get the Paris agreement implemented, we may well see 3 and 4 degrees Celsius."
Many poor nations, fearing melting ice will raise sea levels and swamp their coasts, have campaigned for the 1.5C level.
Panel head Lee was steadfast on the merits of studying the 1.5C scenario.
"We have already begun our work," Lee said.
"There is no question whether it is worth pursuing," he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation on the sidelines of the conference.
Calling the consideration and deeper analysis of more extreme global warming "a value judgment," Lee said: "We are not in the position of embarking ourselves in the judgment of addressing the weight of (such) values."
The IPCC is slated to issue its 1.5C special report in 2018.
Last year, average global surface temperatures hit the highest since records began in the 19th century, about 1C above pre-industrial times.
(Reporting by Sebastien Malo, Editing by Ellen Wulfhorst. Please credit the Thomson Reuters Foundation, the charitable arm of Thomson Reuters, that covers humanitarian news, women's rights, trafficking, property rights and climate change. Visit http://news.trust.org)