* European shares pare losses; Nikkei has worst day since
* Dollar bobs higher from two-month low against yen
* Aussie rallies after RBA drops easing bias
By Marc Jones
LONDON, Feb 4 (Reuters) - World shares steadied after
falling to a near four-month low on Tuesday as a bounce in
battered emerging market currencies and a positive start for
Wall Street helped lift some of the recent gloom.
A weaker-than-expected report on U.S. factory activity had
hit global equity markets and the dollar hard on Monday but
European shares had clawed back most of their morning losses by
the time Wall Street reopened.
After the previous session's pounding, the S&P 500 and Dow
Jones Industrial indexes opened 0.6 and 0.4 percent higher while
many hard-hit emerging currencies rose from their recent lows.
U.S. factory orders released shortly after Wall Street open
bolstered the fragile mood, nevertheless, there remained plenty
to keep traders on edge.
The market volatility had seen Russia cancel a bond auction
for the second week running, while another round of stock market
bloodletting, particularly in Asia, has left MSCI's world index
at its lowest level since October.
"This emerging crisis does matter if it worsens because it
will have an impact on global growth," said Daniel McCormack, a
strategist at Macquarie in London.
"The other thing that is that earnings are just not coming
through. The market was jittery before this crisis came along,
in the sense that it was worried about earnings, and this has
just been the catalyst that crystallises those worries."
Early losses for Europe's top shares had been all
but erased but the time U.S. markets opened, but it was the 4
percent plunge in Japan's Nikkei, cementing its position as
2014's worst performing major index, that hogged attention.
The recent turbulence has spread from vulnerable emerging
markets as major economies like the United States begin to pull
back the throttle on stimulus programmes undertaken following
the global financial crisis.
The promise of a gradual exit from ultra-loose monetary
policy has boosted likely returns in developed markets but
driven investors out of the emerging countries they favoured
while returns on U.S. and European assets fell to near-zero.
The earlier flight to safety had seen yields on German
government bonds, considered to be one of Europe's
most secure investments, hit their lowest in six months
but signs the sell-off was easing nudged them up.
Emerging market stocks also pared losses, while
hard-hit currencies including Turkey's lira, Russia's
rouble, Hungary's forint and the South African
rand all moved away from their recent lows.
"Experienced emerging market investors would be looking at
this sell down with great interest, looking to pick up quality
names on the dip, but they are still in the minority for now,"
Among larger currencies, the Australian dollar jumped
after its central bank appeared to shut the door on further rate
cuts, while another round of strong UK construction data left
sterling looking sprightly.
Much of the focus remained on the U.S. dollar's contest with
the yen, where two factors were at play. The dollar was hit
initially after the weak data had pushed down U.S. bond yields,
while the Nikkei's plunge pushed up the yen, against which it
The U.S. dollar appeared to be recovering, however, and it
was last up 0.4 percent at 101.40 yen, after hitting its
lowest level since November on Monday at 100.77 yen.
10 PERCENT CORRECTION?
The stock market gyrations saw the VIX, the market's
fear seismograph, jump to its highest since June.
The Nikkei's 4 percent dive meant it has now shed 14 percent
of last year's 50 percent boom. By comparison, the U.S.
benchmark S&P 500 is down 5.8 percent and the
FTSEurofirst 300 has dropped 3.3 percent.
"With the main European indices down around 7 percent (since
peaks), chatter on trading desk is about whether we are in for a
'10 percent' correction," Jonathan Sudaria, a dealer at Capital
Spreads in London, said in emailed comments.
With risk appetite gradually beginning to seep back into
stock and currency markets, the safe-haven appeal of gold waned
to leave it down 10 cents at $1,258.84 an ounce.
Among other perceived safe assets, the yield on benchmark
10-year U.S. Treasury notes rose to 2.611 percent as
U.S. trading began. It fell as low as 2.582 percent on Monday,
its lowest since Nov. 1.
Three-month copper, a metal highly attuned to global growth,
also shrugged off its early gloom. It climbed to $7,060 on the
London Metal Exchange, as it looked to dodge its 10th
straight loss and its longest run of falls in 37 years.
"There's some buying interest because the emerging market
crisis is going to be temporary and is not going to include a
meltdown in China," said Jesper Dannesboe, senior commodity