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As part of its accelerated fight against the coronavirus outbreak, France is requiring people to produce a form justifying why they're outside.
Starting at midday on Tuesday, France will be locked down for 15 days. During the lockdown, people will be able to leave their houses only if necessary and must fill out a form that gives their reason for being outside.
The French government said that some 100,000 police officers would be deployed to enforce the measure and that people could be fined up to €135 ($150) for violating it.
The extreme rule came as people continued to gather after France closed places like bars and coffee shops and told residents to stay inside.
France's ramped-up coronavirus measures now require people to produce a document that justifies why they're outside — even just to go a walk or to the shop — after people ignored the government's pleas to stay at home.
French President Emmanuel Macron on Monday announced a 15-day lockdown starting at midday on Tuesday, saying people's journeys outside would be "greatly reduced."
He said people should leave their homes only if it is necessary — for example, to go to work, to get medical care, to buy groceries in authorized shops, or to exercise alone.
But in order to do any of those things, people in France must download and fill out a form for every trip they want to make. The police can check the forms and issue fines of €38 to €135 ($40 to $150) to people who don't have one.
The document asks for a person's name, birthdate, and reason for going outside:
The Government of France
"We are at war," Macron repeatedly said during his speech on Monday.
Interior Minister Christophe Castaner said on Monday that 100,000 police officers would be deployed to enforce the rule, according to Reuters.
"Stay at home," Castaner said.
LUDOVIC MARIN/AFP via Getty Images
Macron also announced restrictions on travel between France and other European Union countries for 30 days.
France has also closed most cafes, restaurants, cinemas, nightclubs, and shops.
France has more than 6,600 coronavirus cases and at least 148 deaths, according to a tally by researchers at Johns Hopkins University.
The virus has infected more than 180,000 people and killed more than 7,000 people, prompting governments around the world to launch extreme measures and close their borders.
The strict measures came after many people ignored officials' urging to stay home
France has followed the pattern of many countries: The government first urged people to stay home but turned to increasingly strict measures when its warnings were ignored or not widely followed.
Hervé Berville, a French lawmaker and ally of Macron's, told The New York Times that he was frustrated that many people were still crowding in shops and parks on Sunday.
"There was something shocking about it," he told The Times on Monday.
"The French are not respecting the security warnings," he added. "People are not following social distancing."
He said it was "shocking'' that people ignored "the advice coming from the highest levels of government.''
AP Photo/Rafael Yaghobzadeh
In announcing the closure of businesses like shops and cinemas over the weekend, French Prime Minister Édouard Philippe said: "We have seen too many people in cafes and restaurants. In usual times, this would make me happy, because this is the France we all love. But for a few weeks, this is not what we should be doing."
Reuters reported on Monday that people were gathering outside coffee shops even though the shops were offering only takeaway in a bid to stop people from forming groups or getting too close.
"Just getting a takeaway, they gather outside, chat, smoke a cigarette, drink their coffee," Frederic Monnier, the owner of Le Cafe Tabac in Paris, told Reuters. "So they're not respecting the rules."
REUTERS/Gonzalo Fuentes/File Photo
France's adoption of stricter measures has brought its response closer in line with Spain's and Italy's.
Italy, which has been ravaged by the virus, has banned public gatherings, blocked all nonessential travel, and told people to stay at home. The country's system is similar to France's: People going outside in Italy also need to produce a form.
The Spanish government declared a state of emergency on Saturday, placing the country in lockdown. It said people should leave their homes only if they need to buy food or medicine or go to work or the hospital.
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