WASHINGTON (Reuters) - U.S. President Donald Trump has said that on July 9 he will name a nominee to fill the Supreme Court vacancy created by the retirement of Justice Anthony Kennedy.
Kennedy's announcement last week that he will retire at the end of July gives Trump his second opportunity to deepen his imprint on the nation's highest court after restoring its 5-4 conservative majority last year with the selection of Neil Gorsuch.
Here are the top five contenders - all appeals court judges - and others on Trump's list for the lifetime appointment. Any nominee will be subject to U.S. Senate confirmation.
Brett Kavanaugh of MarylandU.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit
Kavanaugh, 53, is at or near the top of Trump's list of possible nominees, said a person familiar with the White House selection process.
Kavanaugh was appointed to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in 2003 by Republican President George W. Bush. Contentious confirmation hearings in the Senate delayed his confirmation until 2006.
Kavanaugh worked for Bush during the recount of the 2000 presidential election results. He then headed the administration's search for potential judicial nominees. Prior to that, he helped draft the "Starr report" recommending the impeachment of Democratic President Bill Clinton.
In a high-profile decision, Kavanaugh authored an opinion that said the design of the U.S. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, created by Congress after the 2008 financial crisis to check abusive lending businesses, was unconstitutional and its director could be removed by the president.
Amy Coney Barrett of Indiana7th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals
Trump in May 2017 appointed Barrett, was born in 1972, to the 7th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Chicago. She was confirmed by the Senate in October 2017. She was most recently a professor at Notre Dame Law School in Indiana.
During one of her committee confirmation hearings, Senate Democrats questioned Barrett about her Catholicism and past writings in which she said Catholic judges were in a "legal bind" in cases related to abortion and the death penalty. The questioning led the conservative group Judicial Crisis Network to produce a digital ad attacking the Democrats.
Thomas Hardiman of Pennsylvania3rd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals
Hardiman, 52, was appointed in 2007 to the 3rd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Philadelphia by then-President George W. Bush.
Since then, Hardiman has drawn criticism from liberals for a dissenting opinion in a gun control case, which the Alliance for Justice legal advocacy group said suggested he would take an "exceptional broad view of the Second Amendment" to the U.S. Constitution, which gives Americans the right to keep and bear firearms.
Raymond Kethledge of Michigan6th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals
Kethledge, 51, was named by Bush in 2006 to the 6th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Cincinnati and confirmed in 2008. Prior to that, he spent most of his career in private practice.
One Kethledge ruling that gained attention was against the U.S. Internal Revenue Service in a case brought by conservative Tea Party groups that said the agency had targeted them because of their political views.
Amul Thapar of Kentucky6th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals
Thapar, 49, is a judge on the 6th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, nominated by Trump and confirmed in May 2017. He was previously a judge on the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Kentucky.
Thapar is best known for sentencing in 2014 an 84-year-old nun to three years in prison for breaking into a Tennessee military facility used to store enriched uranium for nuclear bombs. The nun was convicted along with two other anti-nuclear activists.
Here are the others on Trump's 25-person list, from which he has said he will choose a nominee.
Keith Blackwell, Supreme Court of Georgia
Charles Canady, Supreme Court of Florida
Steven Colloton, 8th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals
Allison Eid, 10th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals
Britt Grant, Supreme Court of Georgia
Raymond Gruender, 8th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals
Joan Larsen, 6th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals
Mike Lee, Republican U.S. senator from Utah
Thomas Lee, Supreme Court of Utah
Edward Mansfield, Supreme Court of Iowa
Federico Moreno, U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida
Kevin Newsom, 11th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals
William Pryor, 11th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals
Margaret Ryan, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces
David Stras, 8th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals
Diane Sykes, 7th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals
Timothy Tymkovich, 10th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals
Robert Young, Supreme Court of Michigan, retired
Don Willett, 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals
Patrick Wyrick, Supreme Court of Oklahoma
(Reporting and writing by Amanda Becker; Additional reporting by Lawrence Hurley and Andrew Chung; Editing by Kevin Drawbaugh and Peter Cooney)