Shops' electricity rationed in crisis-hit Venezuela

Maria Isabel Sanchez
AFP
A security guard waits at the entrance of a shopping centre closed in Caracas on February 10, 2016
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A security guard waits at the entrance of a shopping centre closed in Caracas on February 10, 2016 (AFP Photo/Federico Parra)

Caracas (AFP) - Venezuelans are accustomed to severe shortages of cooking oil, diapers and other staple products. But those hoping to buy what they could find got a new unpleasant surprise this week.

They found malls dark and shuttered under a government electricity rationing regime.

"This is madness, this is not the solution!" said Nataly Orta, 48, at the locked gate of the Lider mall in eastern Caracas.

"It's a drastic measure that will only create more unemployment and worsen an economy already in crisis."

Authorities ordered more than 250 shopping centers to find other sources of power from 1:00 to 3:00 pm and again from 7:00 to 9:00 pm, for the next three months.

A business association then said on Saturday the authorities had agreed to relax that requirement by supplying some stores with power in return for them reducing their opening hours.

Unable to generate their own electricity, most malls had been shutting their doors during those early afternoon and evening time slots.

"I came to the pharmacy and supermarket to see what I could find and I come across this instead," said Julia Torres, 54, outside the shuttered Lider.

"Every day, we're a little more surprised by what's happening in Venezuela."

Security concerns make the well-lit, guarded malls -- with their restaurants, cinemas and theaters -- a preferred leisure option for Venezuelans.

The country's homicide rate is among the world's highest at 58 deaths per 100,000 people.

On Thursday, a top hoteliers' association said that five-star hotels would also have to start generating their own power for several hours a day.

The authorities say the rationing is a temporary measure brought on by the El Nino weather phenomenon, blamed for a drought that has lowered production at the country's hydropower plants.

"The government is taking concrete action to minimize the decline" in reservoir levels, Electricity Minister Luis Motta said.

But the opposition, recently boosted by winning a majority in the legislature, accuses socialist President Nicolas Maduro's administration of failing to anticipate the problem and not adequately investing in the country's power grid.

- 'Absurd' situation -

A business association representing shopping centers, Cavececo, said Saturday that the electricity ministry had agreed to allow stores without their own generators to receive electricity uninterrupted if they only open from noon to 7:00 pm.

Cavececo director Claudia Itriago said ahead of that announcement that "the cuts will affect 2.5 million people who go to these places daily."

"Shopping centers account for only three percent of national electricity consumption," she said.

Even malls that generate their own electricity can cover only around half their needs, Itriago said.

The government enforces strict capital controls that have caused a shortage of foreign currency, which seriously limits companies' ability to import the necessary equipment.

"Ordering shopping centers to generate their own energy without giving them access to foreign currency for equipment in a country subject to foreign-exchange controls is absurd," said economist Luis Vicente Leon.

Businesses say electricity rationing will harm an economy that is suffering from triple-digit inflation and contracted 10 percent last year.

The International Monetary Fund estimates it will contract another eight percent this year.

Retail workers are worried the knock-on effects of reduced sales will include layoffs and reduced commissions.

Asdrubal Oliveros, director of the Ecoanalitica consulting group, says the problems are symptomatic of Venezuela's economic crisis.

The formerly rich state has the world's largest known oil reserves but has suffered as crude prices have fallen sharply.

"It shows the seriousness of Venezuela's structural crisis, which affects institutions, the economy, security and services," said Oliveros.