BARCELONA, Spain (AP) — Hundreds of thousands of people showed their support for Catalan independence Wednesday by joining hands to form a 400-kilometer (250-mile) human chain across the northeastern region of Spain.
The demonstration on the region's annual public holiday aimed to illustrate the strength of local backing for political efforts to break away from Spain. Organizers estimated about 1 million people took part in the human chain, many of them with red, yellow and blue pro-independence flags draped around their shoulders.
The Catalan government said it would publish official turnout figures later in the day.
"Today is a historic day. The Catalan people have reaffirmed their determination to be a free state," said Carme Forcadell, president of the Catalan National Assembly, which organized the human chain.
Despite sharing many cultural traits with the rest of Spain, many Catalans claim a deep cultural difference based on their language, which is spoken side-by-side with Spanish in the wealthy region.
Catalonia's regional leader Artur Mas has promised to hold a referendum on independence in 2014, but the Madrid-based government has said that such a vote would be unconstitutional.
Polls indicate that the majority of Catalans agree on holding a referendum, though surveys in the region of 7.5 million people indicate support for independence is around 50 percent.
"The worst thing a politician can do is force people to separate" into two groups, Spain's deputy prime minister Soraya Saenz de Santamaria said.
The Spanish government's refusal to grant Catalonia similar fiscal powers held by the Basque Country — the other region with a strong separatist movement— combined with the country's double-dip recession have swelled the pro-independence ranks in recent years. Many Catalans feel secession would allow them to pull free of Spain's economic troubles.
"It's becoming clearer that we have nowhere to go with Spain. We want to be free," said Montse Espina, a 44-year-old sales representative holding a pro-independence flag in Barcelona.
Pro-independence supporters raised their arms and chanted "Independence!" during the demonstration. There was a festive mood across the countryside, with church bells ringing out in some towns and villages.
In Barcelona, the human chain passed through the city's main square, around the famous Sagrada Familia church and through the Camp Nou Stadium where the Barcelona soccer team plays.
"The message has been sent," said Mas. "If we are not given a way to channel this widespread patriotic movement, then I think the Spanish state has a serious problem with Catalonia."