Breivik made a clenched fist salute after entering the courtroom
The first day of the trial of Anders Behring Breivik, the right-wing extremist who killed 77 people in twin attacks in Norway on July 22, 2011, has come to close. A brief summary of proceedings so far:
-- Breivik pleaded not guilty to charges of "acts of terror", telling the court: "I acknowledge the acts, but not criminal guilt".
-- The court heard chilling details of the bombing in downtown Oslo and deadly shootings at a summer camp on Utoeya island. Family members wept as lead judge, Wenche Elizabeth Arntzen, read a long litany of victims.
-- Prosecutor Svein Holden showed previously unseen surveillance footage of the bomb attack and played tapes of emergency calls from young people on the island during the attacks.
-- Breivik's lawyers said they wanted to establish whether he should go into psychiatric care, a question which is likely to be the focal point of the trial. Breivik will start his testimony on Tuesday.
END OF LIVE REPORT. AFP will continue to follow proceedings as they happen on Tuesday.
1456 GMT: Lippestad said the trial must not become a podium for the extremist but added: "He has a right to express himselfâ¦ His testimony is perhaps also the most important evidence for the court" as it determines if he is criminally insane or not.
1453 GMT: Earlier the judge asked if the defence wanted to say anything. Breivik leant over and whispered something to his lawyer, Geir Lippestad, who said his client wanted to present a document on Tuesday, which would take about 20 minutes.
"It is important to determine if he can be punished for what he has done or if he must be sent to psychiatric care." Nina Larson reports Lippestad as saying." The lawyer reiterated that Breivik wants to be found of sane mind.
1346 GMT: Holden said the prosecution would not determine whether or not to call for Breivik to go to prison or psychiatric care until the two expert groups have presented their findings towards the end of the trial., AFP's Nina Larson reports.
1344 GMT: Just before the close of today's proceedings the prosecutor discussed two psychiatric expert evaluations of Breivik and their opposite conclusions -- the first concluded he was criminally insane while the second said he was sane. The assessment of Breivik's mental state will be at the centre of the ongoing trial.
1330 GMT: JUDGE ENDS FIRST DAY OF BREIVIK TRIAL. Proceedings will adjourn until Tuesday, when Breivik will start testifying.
1318 GMT: Court is taking a break. To recap on the afternoon's proceedings so far:
-- Prosecutor Svein Holden has shown previously unseen surveillance footage of the bomb attack carried out by Anders Behring Breivik outside a government building in downtown Oslo on July 22, 2011.
-- Court then heard chilling details of subsequent attacks on Utoeya island, including tapes of desperate calls made from young people at the Labour Party summer youth camp being held there.
-- Breivik remained mostly impassive as he listened to the list of victims killed in his methodical attacks. He earlier pleaded not guilty to acts of terror, saying: "I acknowledge the acts, but not criminal guilt."
1249 GMT: Holden shows a map of Utoeya, marked with red dots representing people killed and yellow dots for those injured. The island is almost covered in red and yellow dots.
Renate Tarnes, described earlier as a girl who made a desperate emergency call from a bathroom, is in fact a 22-year-old woman, an AFP reporter notes. She survived the attacks.
1243 GMT: Five more people killed at 18:30, court hears. Around the same time, police arrive on the island. Holden plays video footage showing police helicopters landing.
At around 18:34 Breivik is arrested. His shooting rampage lasted 73 minutes.
1238 GMT: At 18:24 the gunman called police a second time, taped recordings show. "I have completed my operation and I want to surrender," he says in a calm voice.
In the courtroom, Breivik still betrays little emotion, reports Pierre-Henry Deshayes.
1231 GMT: The litany of dead continues. At around 18:13 Breivik kills another 14 people. One of these was shot while trying to board a boat to escape the island.
1225 GMT: Breivik speaks to police for the first time at 18:00 -- around 40 minutes after arriving on the island. Holden plays a recording of the call, which was quickly interrupted. In the seven minutes that follow Breivik kills another eight people.
1220 GMT: Tapes of emergency calls made from Utoeya are played to the court. Some family members have left the room. One call is from a girl named Renate, hiding in the toilets. Breathing heavily, she whispers that the shooter is heading towards her. Numerous shots can be heard in the background. "Come quickly! ... There's shooting all the time," she says.
1209 GMT: As Holden moves through the list of names of all those killed, Breivik remains impassive, his head down, AFP reporters say.
1207 GMT: At 17:23 Breivik killed three people outside a cafe on the island, the court hears. At 17:25, two more, south of the cafe building. Two people were then found mortally injured at the campsite. Seven other people were shot and injured at the same place.
At 17:26: Breivik goes into the cafe building. The 500 people who had been gathered here had fled in all directions after hearing the shots.
1200 GMT: Holden says he will show a visualisation of what happened on Utoeya, and play tapes of emergency calls from people on the island, including two from Breivik himself.
At 17:17 Breivik arrived on Utoeya, the prosecutor recalls. At 17:21, the first shots sound. He kills three people: first Trond Berntsen, then Monica Elisabeth Boesei, then Rune Havdal, gunned down while trying to flee from the main building.
1154 GMT: "When Breivik left his truck, he made contact with Labour Party youth organisers and said he needed transportation to Utoeya," Nina Larson reports, citing Holden. "They sent the ferry Thorbjoern to pick him up."
The Labour Party youth camp had started on July 20 and had been set to last until July 24.
1150 GMT: Holden moves on now to the horrific events on Utoeya. He explains how Breivik drove to the island from Oslo, stopping at a private property along the way and waiting until shortly before 17:00 local time before driving to the ferry terminal. In his small van he had police sirens, a police helmet, an arms case, and a rifle, pictures show.
1145 GMT: More details of the film shown a few moments ago...Previously unreleased surveillance footage of the Oslo bombing shows people walking towards Breivik's parked van as it explodes. Survivors and family members let out a collective gasp as the bomb goes off, while Breivik shows no sign of emotion.
1137 GMT: Prosecutor presents the court with a list of 480 people not named in the indictment who were nearby and whom he wants included in the case. These are in addition to the 77 fatalities listed earlier -- including eight killed in the bombing -- and 33 injured.
1129 GMT: Victims' relatives are being given the opportunity to leave the courtroom during more graphic sections of the footage, which has been banned from being broadcast, Larson adds.
1122 GMT: A short film showing CCTV footage of the Oslo city centre bombing is shown to the court. At 15:16 Breivik's white van is seen joltingly driving towards the government buildings before parking in front of the entrance, reports Nina Larson from the courtroom. He is then seen walking away dressed as a police officer in riot gear.
1110 GMT: Court is back in session. Prosecutor Svein Holden returns to the subject of a 1,500-word manifesto posted online on day of the attacks. He says Breivik tried to send it to 8,109 email addresses but only succeeded in delivering it to 958.
1105 GMT: John Kyrre Lars Hestnes, of the July 22 Support Group, works in the government area where a bomb killed eight people, and says he lost a close colleague in the attack. "Today was really tough. I have prepared myself a lot, I have seen films and read everything about what happened, but it was much tougher than I thought it would be to be here today," he tells AFP.
1055 GMT: Breivik had sat stony-faced during much of the opening of the trial, apparently looking at documents while details of the killings were read out.
But as the court watched details of a video he posted online on the day of the attacks, his lips trembled and he wiped away tears, his face red with emotion.
1050 GMT: As court breaks for lunch, Mette Yvonne Larsen, lawyer for 20 families, tells journalists they "saw this small person talking with a soft voice and they realized he is not as frightening as they thought."
1047 GMT: To recap on events so far: -- Anders Behring Breivik has pleaded not guilty to charges of "acts of terrorism", at the opening of his trial in Oslo, despite having admitted carrying out the July 2011 attacks which killed 77 people.
"I acknowledge the acts, but not criminal guilt and I claim legitimate defence," he told the court.
-- The court heard chilling details of the killings in downtown Oslo and at a summer camp in idyllic Utoeya island. Family members wept as lead judge, Wenche Elizabeth Arntzen, listed details of all victims, many of whom were shot several times.
-- Prosecutor Svein Holden began his opening arguments. He described how Breivik rented a farm where he built a bomb using primary and secondary explosives and a toiletbrush holder.
-- The trial, expected to last 10 weeks, will determine whether Breivik should be sent to prison or a psychiatric ward.
1005 GMT: Court adjourns for lunch.
1003 GMT: At his mother's house, on the morning of the attacks, Breivik downloaded his manifesto online, court hears. He had also created a 12-minute film, which he mentions in the manifesto.
Holden shows the film to the court. Set to music, it refers to "cultural marxist's rape of Europe". It also contains pictures of angry-looking Muslims with the text: "Islam the religion of peace", AFP's Nina Larson reports.
0956 GMT: The night before, Breivik had driven to his mother's house, with the explosives in his car. On July 15 he had rented a vehicle from Avis in Oslo which would be used in the bombing.
0953 GMT: Prosecutor is now starting to deal with what happened on July 22, 2011. "This morning, Breivik wakes up at his mother's houseâ¦ he makes numerous preparations to send out his compendium," says Holden.
0951 GMT: Holden shows pictures of the bombs, taken by Breivik at various stages of construction. The defendant, sat behind a glass screen in the courtroom, is looking through copies of the photos.
0947 GMT: Court hears how the bomb detonated outside government buildings in Oslo contained primary and secondary explosives. The latter,TNP, was placed in a toiletbrush holder.
0942 GMT: From May 1, 2011 Breivik rented a farm -- Vaalstua gaard -- about 160 km from Oslo. "The main reason for renting the farm was because it was a good place to make the bomb," Holden says. He created a farming company in 2009 to have a plausible reason for buying fertiliser for the bomb, prosecutor adds.
0934 GMT: The court hears how Breivik purchased bomb parts between September 2010 and July 2011 and bought weapons and ammunition between May 2010 and June 2011. He had 11 different credit cards -- mostly unused until April 2011, when he ran out of money in his bank accounts.
0928 GMT: Holden is now showing pictures Breivik took of himself, wearing things he sported during the attacks. On his left arm a badge states: "Marxist Hunter, Muliticulti Traitor hunting permit". The badge was photoshopped in.
One photo shows him wearing the fake police uniform he used to trick people on Utoeya island. The prosecutor also holds up pictures of the rifle and Glock pistol used in the shootings.
0923 GMT: Prosecutor shows images of the video game. He also holds up an image of his mother's flat which he stayed in in 2006, showing a stereotypical boy's bedroom in a state of disorder.
0918 GMT: The judge asks if the video game, which Breivik used to play intensively, is violent. Holden replies: That depends what on what you understand as violence."
0914 GMT: The prosecutor describes how Breivik in 2006 was unemployed, he played War of Warcraft and worked on his manifesto. "Breivik has told police he played World of Warcraft â¦ full-time" from summer of 2006 - 2007."
0908 GMT: Court hears how Breivik used to work as a telephone salesman and in customer service. He also set up a number companies, including one which sold fake diplomas. The latter brought in "considerable income," Holden says. This triggers a large grin from Breivik.
0900 GMT: Prosecutor Svein Holden begins his opening arguments. He refers to Breivik's claims that he became a member of the Knights Templar in 2002. "In our opinion, such a network as Breivik has described does not exist," says Holden.
0856 GMT: Tore Sinding Bekkedal, a 23-year old survivor, speaking to AFP inside the tribunal, says: "[Breivik] is a silly little person with a political message, I don't want to give him all the attention he is wishing to get here."
0854 GMT: The court resumes after a short break, during which Breivik has remained seated. Now he turns to the public with "a smirk", reports AFP's Pierre-Henry Deshayes.
0848 GMT: Psychiatric experts continue to observe Breivik during the process. The outcome of the trial will be dependent on their conclusions.
Two contradictory psychiatric reports have already been presented, one assessing him as insane, the other drawing the opposite conclusion.
0833 GMT: BREIVIK PLEADS NOT GUILTY TO 'ACTS OF TERROR'.
"I acknowledge the acts, but not criminal guilt and I claim legitimate defence," he tells the court.
0830 GMT: Prosecutor says there is currently no call for an ordinary prison sentence, but that may change during the process. The alternative is court-ordered psychiatric care, which Breivik has said he regards as "worse than death".
0825 GMT: The list of injured ends. "The accused has committed very serious crimes of a degree we have not seen in our country in modern times," says Judge Arntzen.
0814 GMT: Most of Breivik's victims, killed or wounded, had not yet turned 20, the court hears. Many of those hurt were seriously injured, hit by several bullets. Some were shot in the face and neck. Many remained hospitalised for weeks, even months.
0809 GMT: Finally the naming of people killed on Utoeya island draws to a close. The judge now moves on to those injured -- 33 in total according to the charges.
0804 GMT: As the list goes on, Breivik is still looking down as though reading a document, but with what looks like the inkling of a smile at one point, reports Nina Larson. "Eyes completely downcast. Hard to read his emotions," she says.
Earlier, after Breivik's handcuffs were taken off on entering the courtroom, he made a clenched fist salute, touching his chest and extending his right arm in front of him. In a manifesto posted online shortly before the attacks, he described this gesture as "the clenched fist salute" of the Knights Templar.
0752 GMT: The judge describes how Breivik targeted a number of his victims with both a pistol and rifle. One of them was shot eight times.
0749 GMT: Several family members cry quietly, while many journalists present are also visibly affected by the seemingly endless list, my colleague says. Most of the victims were born in the 1990s.
0742 GMT: There is an almost religious silence in the room as Judge Arntzen reads the litany of victims, reports Pierre-Henry Deshayes. The judge's voice begins to shake slightly. The youngest killed had just turned 14, she says.
0738 GMT: The judge describes in detail how each bullet penetrated its victim on the island where 564 people were gathered for the Labour Party summer youth camp. Many were hit numerous times. Meanwhile Breivik stands with his head lowered, apparently looking at a document.
0733 GMT: To recap, the trial is not to determine whether Breivik carried out the attacks, but whether he can be held responsible. It is expected to focus on whether or not he is sane.
0731 GMT: Judge moves on to the shooting on Utoeya island where Breivik killed 69 people. She lists each of the victims. "There was panic and death fear among children and adults," Arntzen tells the court. "He shot at people who were fleeing or hiding, or who he lured out by saying he was a policeman."
0726 GMT: Arriving in court a few minutes ago, Breivik presented himself as a "writer" and in a brief statement told judges: "I do not recognise the Norwegian court".
0724 GTM: Judge Arntzen goes on to explain how people were injured in the Oslo bombing, including one who was operated on 13 times. Earlier she said the eight fatalities were mostly caused by the impact of the explosion or flying debris.
0720 GMT: The judge orders all photographers bar two to leave the courtroom.
0719 GMT: Lead judge Wenche Elizabeth Arntzen, opening proceedings, describes the attack in Oslo city centre on July 22, reports AFP's Nina Larson. She recounts how a bomb exploded outside a government building, creating massive destruction and killing eight people.
0710 GMT: BREIVIK SAYS HE DOES NOT RECOGNISE THE COURT.
0710 GMT: Police usher the defendant to his seat in front of a packed courtroom. He is wearing a black suit, gold-coloured tie and his blond hair is shortly cropped.
0706 GMT: BREIVIK MAKES FAR-RIGHT SALUTE AS HE ENTERS COURTROOM.
0705 GMT: Six judges enter the court, reports Deshayes. Around 200 people are already seated there -- half of them close relatives of the victims and survivors, the other half journalists.
0656 GMT: Four psychiatric experts tasked with observing Breivik are already in court, as are his lawyers, AFP correspondent Pierre-Henry Deshayes notes.
0650 GMT: The courtroom is already packed with journalists who have spent more than an hour queuing to go through tight security, reports AFP's Nina Larson from the scene. Large screens hang from the ceiling to give everyone in the room a clear view of proceedings.
0645 GMT: A cortege presumed to be transporting Breivik arrives at the Oslo court where his trial is to be held, an AFP journalist reports from the scene. A grey truck, motorbikes and a police vehicle enter an underground carpark.
WELCOME TO AFP'S LIVE REPORT on the trial of right-wing extremist Anders Behring Breivik, who massacred 77 people in twin attacks in Norway last July. Proceedings, opening amid tight security, are set to focus on whether or not the 33-year-old is sane.