As breach after breach of personal data is announced ― hackers behind the Equifax incident of 2017 alone stole personal data, Social Security numbers, birth dates, addresses and even some driver’s license numbers from an estimated 143,000,000 Americans, plus jeopardized 210,000 credit card accounts ― many consumers are asking, “Should I freeze my credit?”
Freezing your credit, at least at the moment, is a major hassle.
While a credit freeze may stop someone from pretending to be you and applying for a credit card or taking out a car loan, it also will block you from doing the same. Once you put a credit freeze on your files, you have to lift it when you want to use your credit and then reestablish the freeze afterward.
To put a credit freeze in place, you must contact each of the three credit reporting agencies separately (Equifax is one of the three) at the companies’ credit freeze portals. If you don’t contact all three, you basically have no “freeze.”
Times columnist Ron Lieber reported that some people are waiting until the middle of the night to use Equifax’s security freeze website and then still failing to get through. “It’s like trying to get Bruce Springsteen tickets, except nobody wants to see this particular show.”
There’s lots of frustration ― and rage ― being expressed on Twitter as well.
There’s something you can ask yourself: Just how much confidence do you have in the credit bureaus at the moment to know they will respond quickly and accurately if you want to turn off a freeze so that you can buy a house or a car?
Reminder: They haven’t actually been able to answer the phone or keep their websites operational when breaches happen.
Credit security experts advise that if you know you will be applying for a loan soon, hold off on freezing your credit. Maybe they haven’t been able to get through on the phone either?
Credit freezes are not the salve for your Equifax wound.
When you put a freeze on your report at a credit bureau, it means that that bureau won’t release your information when a company requests it. So if someone applies for a line of credit with a bank, the bank will pull your credit report and see that it’s frozen. Theft thwarted.
But a credit freeze doesn’t do a thing to protect any data that has already been compromised. While a freeze prevents new lines of credit from being opened, it doesn’t stop thieves from going on a shopping spree with your already-breached credit card number.
Systems to prevent misuse of credit cards are already in place.
The good news is that most financial institutions already have ways to flag questionable transactions. You probably know this firsthand if you’ve ever traveled out the country and didn’t let the nice folks at MasterCard know you were on the move. What happens is they will try to reach you, and if that doesn’t work, they will freeze your credit card. And you may just learn about it as you attempt to pay the check at a fancy restaurant in Paris.
(Most credit card companies ask that you let them know your travel plans to avoid credit interruption over suspicious purchases.)
Credit card companies pay attention to where and how you shop. A large online purchase of electronics sent to an address you’ve never used is going to raise a red flag, and you will likely be contacted and asked to verify it. Credit cards also protect you against unauthorized purchases if you let them know about them. If the merchant can’t produce evidence that you bought an item, there is an excellent chance you won’t have to pay for it. If an account has been compromised, it will be closed immediately and a new account opened and the cards for it sent to you overnight.
All of which makes credit and bank cards a bit more protected because of industry efforts to police their use. A credit freeze won’t do anything close to that.
When you put a freeze on your report, you will be given a secret PIN that allows you to freeze and unfreeze your report at will ― assuming you can get through to the three companies. But having a PIN is problematic for one big reason: What happens if cyber-thieves hack into the vault of a company that maintains your credit freeze? You know, kind of like what just happened to Equifax?
For what it’s worth, Equifax made no new friends when it began handing out PINs after the 2017 breach. As reported on Twitter by Tony Webster and confirmed elsewhere, Equifax’s secret PINs were just the date and timestamp of when you initiated the freeze. Webster tweeted, “If you froze your credit today [Sept 8 2017 at] 2:15pm ET for example, you’d get PIN 0908171415.”
Screenshot of when you're assigned an Equifax security freeze PIN. It's just a timestamp of when you made the freeze: MMDDYYHHMM. pic.twitter.com/xna8aaQ2b3
Once Equifax learned of the problem, it switched to random number generation. But for those consumers who froze their credit before the random number generator was installed, changing a PIN to something different from the original timestamp requires written correspondence to Equifax, reported David Berlind, editor of ProgrammableWeb.
Nothing like customer service being the first casualty in a disaster.
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