Global energy prices are moving upward.
Crude oil, gasoline and natural gas are all higher than at the beginning of 2022. Crude oil is up 13% from $76 on Jan. 3 to $86 on Jan. 18, but gasoline is up only 0.7% from $3.28 to $3.30. Natural gas has increased 7% from $3.815 to $4.283, according to data from the Energy Information Administration.
Goldman Sachs Group Inc. stated recently it expects crude oil to trade at $100 per barrel during the third quarter of this year.
Demand for petroleum products continues to grow while supplies struggle to keep pace.
Governments around the world are reacting differently to the pandemic than a year ago when many leaders implemented lockdowns. Economic activity declined rapidly as did demand for energy. As lockdowns were lifted, demand rose.
On the supply side, crude oil production declined as the oversupply drove price down.
The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) agreed to cut production as did other countries, which included Russia. Later in 2021, the group agreed to increase production by 400,000 barrels per day, but OPEC has not been able to achieve that goal. Analysts estimated OPEC was able to add only 90,000 barrels per day in December. Numerous problems have been reported regarding production in Africa, Russia and Libya,
The U.S. became the world’s largest oil producer in late 2019 at 13 million barrels per day. The production declined to 11 million barrels per day, but the Energy Information Administration expects production to come back this year if demand and price remains strong.
The situation in China, one of the largest consumer and importer of oil, remains complicated. China has taken a zero-COVID policy. Complete cities have been in lockdown. However, this policy will be tested as competition in the Winter Olympics begins on Feb. 4 and the Lunar New Year celebrations, which occurs in a few weeks. If there is a major outbreak following these events, demand in China could decline.
The global demand trend points to continued expansion of economies around the world with the U.S. gross domestic product (GDP) increasing 4.3% in 2022, according to EIA. However, continued high levels of uncertainty created by the pandemic raises questions about global energy consumption.
Alex Mills is the former president of the Texas Alliance of Energy Producers.
This article originally appeared on Abilene Reporter-News: Alex Mills: Oil jumps past $80