Anti-abortion activists and supporters of legal abortion stand in front of the Supreme Court in Washington, Friday, Jan. 25, 2013, on the 40th anniversary of the Roe v. Wade decision. Thousands of anti-abortion demonstrators marched through Washington to the steps of the U.S. Supreme Court to protest the landmark decision that legalized abortion. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)
WASHINGTON (AP) — Anti-abortion demonstrators from around the country marched through Washington to the steps of the U.S. Supreme Court on Friday to protest a landmark court decision that legalized abortion.
The annual event took on added significance for many in the crowd because this year marks the 40th anniversary of Roe v. Wade, the Supreme Court decision that created a constitutional right to abortion in some circumstances. The demonstrators, carrying signs with messages such as "Defend Life" and "Defund Planned Parenthood," shouted chants including "Hey, Hey, Ho, Ho, Roe v. Wade has got to go."
They packed sections of the National Mall and surrounding streets for the March of Life.
"I just felt this 40th year marked a huge anniversary for the law," said one demonstrator, Pam Tino, 52, of Easton, Mass, who also participated several years ago. "Forty is a very important year in the Bible as well, in terms of years in the desert. And I just felt like maybe this year (there) was going to be something miraculous that might happen. We might see something going forward with the cause."
With the re-election of President Barack Obama, she added, "we just have our walking papers. Now we just feel like we have to keep the battle up."
The large turnout reflected the ongoing relevance of the abortion debate four decades after the Jan. 22, 1973 decision.
It remains a divisive issue with no dramatic shift in viewpoint on either side; a new Pew Research Center poll finds 63 percent of U.S. adults opposed to overturning Roe, compared to 60 percent in 1992. Earlier this week, abortion opponents marked the anniversary of the court decision with workshops, prayers and calls for more limits on abortion rights. And even as Obama this week reaffirmed his commitment to "reproductive freedom," state legislatures continue to consider varied restrictions on a woman's ability to receive an abortion.
In Mississippi, for example, the state's only abortion clinic said it received notice Friday that the state intends to revoke its operating license. The clinic's operator has struggled to comply with a 2012 state law that requires anyone doing abortions at the clinic to be an OB-GYN with hospital admitting privileges.
Police do not provide crowd estimates, but organizers said hundreds of thousands may have turned out at Friday's rally in Washington.
Among the speakers at Friday's rally was Rick Santorum, the former Pennsylvania senator and staunch abortion opponent who last year unsuccessfully sought the Republican presidential nomination.
He recalled the love and support the country showed for his young daughter, Bella, who was born with a serious genetic condition and whose illness led him to take some time off from the campaign trail. He cited his daughter's life — "she is joyful, she is sweet, she is all about love" — as a reason to discourage abortion even in instances when women are told that it would be "better" to have one.
"We all know that death is never better — never better. Really what it's about is saying is it would be easier for us, not better for her," he said. "And I'm here to tell you ... Bella is better for us and we are better because of Bella."
He said the anti-abortion cause was made up of people who every day advocate for their position outside abortion clinics and at crisis pregnancy centers.
"This movement is not a bunch of moralizers standing on their mountaintop preaching what is right," Santorum said.
Rep. Chris Smith, a New Jersey Republican, called Roe v. Wade "infamous, reckless and inhumane."
"The passage of time hasn't changed the fact that abortion is a serious, lethal violation of fundamental human rights," he said. "And that women and children deserve better. And that the demands of justice, generosity and compassion require that the right to life be guaranteed to everyone."
One demonstrator, Mark Fedarko, 44, of Cleveland, said he regularly stands outside of abortion clinics in hopes of discouraging women from going inside.
"There's God's law and man's law," he said. "But I follow God's law first. Like it says right here, thou shall not kill. That's the end of the story. We need to protect these children."
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