The Origins of Some of Paul McCartney’s Greatest Songs
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A dream, scrambled eggs, a mother, and Julian Lennon -- what do they have in common? They're all things that inspired some of Paul McCartney's best known songs with the Beatles.
"Yesterday" was basically a McCartney solo track, written and recorded by him backed by a string quartet, although it was still credited to "Lennon-McCartney." Initially, the melody for the song came to McCartney in a dream in 1964, which led Macca to believe that he had subconsciously stolen it from someone else.
"I just fell out of bed and it was there," McCartney told Rod Granger of The Hollywood Reporter. "I have a piano by the side of my bed and just got up and played the chords. I thought I must have heard it the night before or something, and spent about three weeks asking all the music people I knew, 'What is this song?' I couldn't believe I'd written it."
Once McCartney was assured that the tune was indeed original, he had problems nailing down the lyrics, and initially — temporarily — titled it "Scrambled Eggs," with the temporary opening couplet, "Scrambled eggs / Oh, my baby how I love your legs." There was also concern that the somber ballad didn't fit with the band's Fab image. Finally, during a trip to Portugal in May 1965, McCartney had a breakthrough and composed the tune's proper lyrics.
Under the guidance of producer George Martin, the track was recorded with McCartney on acoustic guitar backed by a string quartet. Initially, he wasn't too keen on the concept. "I said, 'Are you kidding? This is a rock group.' I hated that idea," McCartney told Granger. But after they worked on the track, McCartney and Martin were both pleased.
So was the public. The song was released as a single in the U.S. and soon shot to the top of the chart. Strangely, in the U.K., where it first appeared on the album "Help!," it wasn't released as a single until 1976. A singer named Matt Monro released a cover of the song there in 1965, which made the top 10. While Monro had other U.K. hits, perhaps his greatest musical contribution may have been starting a trend with "Yesterday." It went on to become the most covered song in history with more than 2,500 versions, according to The Guinness Book of World Records.
The inspiration for "Hey Jude," another one of McCartney's best-known Beatles hits, has been debated for years. The most logical explanation is that the song was inspired by John Lennon's first son, Julian, as his parents John and Cynthia were going through a divorce. Paul reportedly felt sympathy for the lad, but not enough to keep his name in the song's title. "Jules," short for Julian, was soon changed to "Jude" because it sounded better, much like "Scrambled Eggs" gave way to "Yesterday."
McCartney explained the song's origins in a 1973 interview with Paul Gambaccini for Rolling Stone and the BBC. "I happened to be driving out to see Cynthia Lennon," he said. "I think it was just after John and she had broken up, and I was quite mates with Julian. He's a nice kid, Julian. And I was going out in me car just vaguely singing this song, and it was like, 'Hey, Jules.' It was just this thing you know, 'Don't make it bad / Take a sad song...' And then I just thought a better name was Jude. A bit more country and western for me. In other words, it was just a name. It was like 'Hey, Luke' or Hey Max' or 'Hey Abe,' but Jude was better."