Just one day after his death at age 92, Indian music legend Ravi Shankar has been named a recipient of a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. Shankar learned of the honor last week, when he received a call from Neil Portnow, President and CEO of the Recording Academy. "He was deeply touched and so pleased that he extended a gracious and personal invitation to visit with him at his home," Portnow said in a statement.
Shankar won his first Grammy for 1967's West Meets East, a collaboration with Yehudi Menuhin, which was voted Best Chamber Music Performance. In March 1973, Shankar was among the winners for Album of the Year for George Harrison & Friends' The Concert For Bangla Desh. He shared the prize with Harrison, Bob Dylan, Leon Russell, Ringo Starr, Billy Preston, Eric Clapton and Klaus Voormann. Shankar won his most recent Grammy for 2001's Full Circle—Carnegie Hall 2000, which was voted Best World Music Album.
This year's other Lifetime Achievement Award winners are Carole King, The Temptations, Patti Page, classical pianist Glenn Gould, jazz bassist and composer Charlie Haden and blues singer/guitarist Lightnin' Hopkins.
Trustees Awards (given to non-performers) went to songwriters Alan and Marilyn Bergman, Chess Records founders Leonard and Phil Chess and Capitol Records executive Alan Livingston.
Carole King, 70, and her former husband and songwriting partner Gerry Goffin received a Trustees Award in 2004, honoring their work as Brill Building songwriters of the early 1960s. King is the eighth artist to win both a Lifetime Achievement Award and a Trustees Award. She follows Duke Ellington, Frank Sinatra, Paul McCartney, John Lennon, classical conductor George Solti, Count Basie and Burt Bacharach.
In March 1972, King became the first female artist to sweep Grammys for Album, Record and Song of the Year. She won for Tapestry, "It's Too Late" and "You've Got A Friend," respectively. In all the years since, just two other female artists, Dixie Chicks and Adele, have equaled the feat. King is the second artist associated with the "Laurel Canyon rock" movement of the early '70s to receive a Lifetime Achievement Award. Joni Mitchell was saluted in 2002.
The Temptations are the seventh act that rose to fame on Motown Records to receive a Lifetime Achievement Award. The fabled quintet follows Marvin Gaye, Stevie Wonder, Smokey Robinson, the Four Tops, Michael Jackson and Diana Ross. In addition, The Funk Brothers, the session musicians that played on countless Motown hits, received a Lifetime Achievement Award in 2004. Motown founder Berry Gordy Jr. received a Trustees Award in 1991.
In March 1969, the Temptations brought home Motown's first Grammy: Best Rhythm & Blues Performance by a Duo or Group for "Cloud Nine." They won two awards for their 1972 classic "Papa Was A Rollin' Stone." They won their most recent Grammy for 2000's Ear-Resistible, which was voted Best Traditional R&B Vocal Album.
Patti Page, 85, recorded most of her biggest hits, including the 1950 classic "The Tennessee Waltz," before the advent of the Grammys in 1958. But she has won one Grammy. Her 1998 album Live At Carnegie Hall—The 50th Anniversary Concert was voted Best Traditional Pop Vocal Performance.
Glenn Gould won just one Grammy in his lifetime—and it was for writing liner notes. The classical pianist died in 1982 at age 50. Over the next two years, he won three posthumous Grammys. His 1982 album Bach: The Goldberg Variations won two Grammys, including Best Classical Album.
Charlie Haden, 75, has won three Grammys. He won for a 1997 collaboration with Pat Metheny, Beyond The Missouri Sky, and has won Best Latin Jazz Album twice, for 2001's Nocturne and 2004's Land Of The Sun.
Lightnin' Hopkins recorded such highly-regarded songs as "T-Model Blues," "Tim Moore's Farm" and "Mojo Hand." He died in 1982 at age 69.
The Bergmans and the late Marvin Hamlisch won two Grammys in March 1975 for their music for the Barbra Streisand movie The Way We Were. The title song, which became an instant standard, won as Song of the Year. Three other songs by the pair were nominated in that category: "Nice 'n' Easy" (1960), which they co-wrote with Lew Spence; "The Summer Knows" (1972), the theme from the movie Summer Of 42, which they co-wrote with Michel Legrand; and "You Don't Bring Me Flowers" (1978) which they co-wrote with Neil Diamond.
The Bergmans were the focus of a unique tribute in 2011 when Streisand recorded an album of their songs. The album, What Matters Most: Barbra Streisand Sings The Lyrics Of Alan and Marilyn Bergman, reached the top five and received a Grammy nomination for Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album. Alan Bergman is 87. Marilyn Bergman is 83.
The Chess brothers signed and recorded such blues and rock legends as Muddy Waters, Chuck Berry, Bo Diddley and Etta James, all of whom have received Grammy Lifetime Achievement Awards, as well as Howlin' Wolf, Willie Dixon and Little Walter. Phil Chess is 91. Leonard Chess died in 1969 at age 52.
Alan Livingston is credited with bringing Capitol Records into the rock era with such artists as the Beatles, the Beach Boys, The Band and the Steve Miller Band. He also created the Bozo the Clown character, which recorded a string of hit children's recordings. Livingston died in 2009 at age 91.
In addition, the Recording Academy announced the recipients of Technical Grammy Awards: Ikutaro Kakehashi and Dave Smith, who, in 1983, unveiled MIDI (Musical Instrumental Digital Interface), and Royer Labs, which initiated a line of ribbon microphones.
The awards will be presented at an invitation-only event on Feb. 9 and will be acknowledged (albeit fleetingly) during the 55th annual Grammy Awards on Feb. 10.