To Hopis' dismay, tribal masks sold off in Paris
A French supporter of the Indian cause, who refused to give his name, left, holds a flag of the American Indian Movement and an American exchange student, member of the Arizona's Hopi tribe, Bo Lomahquahu, right, stand outside of the Druout's auction house to protest the auction of Native American Hopi tribe masks in Paris, Friday, April 12, 2013. A contested auction of dozens of Native American tribal masks went ahead Friday afternoon following a Paris court ruling, in spite of appeals for a delay by the Hopi tribe, its supporters including actor Robert Redford, and the U.S. government. (AP Photo/Michel Euler)
PARIS (AP) — In a chaotic auction repeatedly interrupted by protests, dozens of Native American tribal masks were sold Friday after a French court rejected the objections of the Hopi tribe and the U.S. government.
The total tally was 931,000 euros ($1.2 million), with the most expensive, the "Mother Crow" mask, selling for 160,000 euros ($209,000) — more than three times the pre-sale estimate.
Of the 70 masks up for sale, one was bought by an association to give back to the Hopis, the Drouot auction house said.
Advocates for the Hopi tribe had argued in court the masks have special status and are not art — they represent their dead ancestors' spirits. The Hopis, a Native American tribe whose territory is surrounded by Arizona, nurture the masks as if they are the living dead.
But the auctioneer insisted any move to block the sale could have broad repercussions and potentially force French museums to empty their collections of indigenous works.
The Katsinam, or "friends," masks made up nearly all of the 70 lots that went on display at the auction house, offering a rare public glimpse of such works in Europe. The masks are surreal faces made from wood, leather, horse hair and feathers, and painted in vivid pigments of red, blue, yellow and orange.
They date to the late 19th century and early 20th century, and are thought to have been taken from a reservation inside northern Arizona in the 1930s and 1940s.
Hopi representatives contend the items were stolen at some point, and wanted the auction house to prove otherwise.
As the auction got under way, Jo Beranger, a 52-year-old French filmmaker and CSIA member, yelled as auctioneers showed a 1970s image of a Hopi leader in tribal beads and holding a mask.
Beranger, told The Associated Press that the Hopi leader had since died, and it was "a scandal" and "shameful" that he was shown. Security guards escorted her out of the auction hall.
About a dozen protesters from the French group that sides with the Native Americans gathered outside — one waving the flag of the American Indian Movement.
Hopi Chairman Le Roy Shingoitewa said the judge's decision to let the sale go on was disappointing but not unexpected.
"It's a whole new legal field that many tribes have not truly experienced," he said Friday. "So I think the Native American tribes in the United States are going to have to start looking at this area of being able to try to protect our cultural areas as well as sacred sites."