Directed by Rupert Sanders (“Snow White and the Huntsman”), the action-packed sci-fi adventure stars Scarlett Johansson in a form-fitting body suit as the cyber-enhanced Major, who fights mind-controlling terrorists like the badass she is.
After its Oscar-winning contributions to “The Jungle Book,” leading VFX supplier Moving Picture Company (MPC) used tech innovations to conjure a tactile future world for “Ghost in the Shell,” alongside miniatures and animatronics from Weta Workshop.
“It’s unexplored stylistic territory from a film perspective,” said production VFX supervisor Guillaume Rocheron. “Rupert’s idea was to show the world of ‘Ghost in the Shell’ as a predictor of the future in the early ’90s. We live in a world that is overtaken by technology, which is one of the really important themes that we had to showcase in the movie.”
“Rupert’s request was to portray a very tactile world,” added Rocheron. “He didn’t want it to be too CG clean. The first thing he talked to me about was shooting some miniatures and building some animatronics.”
For the opening Shelling sequence that introduces the creation of Johansson, MPC used a blend of CG and practical animatronics supplied by Weta. MPC created a detailed fully digital skeleton, the muscles of a skinned Major, and as the scene was shot dry, the different types of fluid that enshroud the body.
However, for the creation of the photo-real, future world, MPC developed new tech tools. In particular, the team built an Asian city filled with gigantic holographic advertisements called Solograms. MPC created a mixture of 372 Solograms and holograms in different forms to populate the city shots.
To create these photoreal displays, the movie’s production team designed a new custom-made rig of 80 2K cameras, running at 24fps, to capture volumetric footage of actors. Using photogrammetry on each frame, 32,000 3D scans were solved. MPC’s R&D team then developed new software and tools, which allowed it to reconstruct, process, manipulate, and layout the volumetric data into the shots. The world is then revealed in immersive flyovers called Ghost Cams.
“It was a sensitive system where you have to be perfectly synchronized for the photogrammetry to work,” continued Rocheron. He collaborated with the legendary John Dykstra (“Star Wars”), who helped design the interface tech used in the movie.
“We’re not trying to create a digital human but recreate a moving version of that person [with skin, hair, and cloth] using a rig,” added Rocheron.
Meanwhile, in the abstract “Deep Dive,” the film’s most ambitious VFX sequence, Major navigates around a Geisha Bot’s memory. MPC artists rendered and simulated full CG characters decaying as time passes, varying the clarity of their representation based on the viewing angle. A 150-camera DSLR rig was used to capture a CG version of the actors frozen mid-movement so they could be recreated digitally and then deconstructed during the sequence.