High blood sugar, or hyperglycemia is a condition that affects people who are diabetic and predaibetic and it occurs, "when your body has too little insulin (the hormone that transports glucose into the blood), or if your body can't use insulin properly," the Cleveland Clinic states. Managing your blood sugar is vital to your overall health and Eat This, Not That! Health spoke with Dr. JB Kirby a doctorate-prepared nurse practitioner with 37 years of experience and 10 of experience in Hematology/Oncology who explains ways to reduce your blood sugar. Read on—and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had COVID.
Why Not Managing Your Blood Sugar Can Be Life-Threatening
Dr. Kirby states, "A blood sugar level of less than 100 mg/dL after 8 hours of fasting is considered normal. A random blood reading of 200 mg/dL or higher suggests that you have diabetes. Your body should be able to regulate blood sugar levels. There are many reasons why blood sugar management can be life-threatening. One reason is that if blood sugar levels become too high or too low, it can cause serious health problems. For example, high blood sugar levels can increase the risk for heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure. Low blood sugar levels can cause seizures, coma, and even death. Long-term or chronic elevations of blood sugar levels can lead to diabetes. Diabetes is a life-threatening disease that can cause serious health problems like heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure. If left untreated, diabetes can also lead to blindness, amputations, and death. The effects of diabetes can be life-threatening."
According to Dr. Kirby, "Regular exercise can help improve insulin sensitivity and regulate blood sugar levels. When you exercise, your body uses up more blood sugar, which helps keep your blood sugar levels in check. Exercising also helps improve heart health and reduce the risk of diabetes."
Eat a Healthy Diet
"Eating a healthy diet is key to blood sugar management," says Dr. Kirby. "A healthy diet includes plenty of nutritious foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein. These foods are packed with fiber, vitamins, and minerals, which can help regulate blood sugar levels and improve insulin sensitivity."
Dr. Kirby explains, "Hormones such as adrenaline, glucagon, growth hormone and cortisol from stress increase your blood pressure, raise your heart rate, and can cause blood sugar to rise. Try to reduce stress in your life with relaxation techniques or stress-relieving activities like yoga or meditation."
Drink Plenty of Water
"Staying hydrated is important for overall health, including blood sugar management," Dr. Kirby emphasizes. "When you're dehydrated, the sugar in your blood becomes more concentrated. Be sure to drink plenty of water throughout the day to keep yourself healthy and well-hydrated."
Watch Your Portions
Dr. Kirby shares, "Trying to eat smaller portions can help keep your blood sugar at a healthy level. When you eat too much, your body has to produce more insulin to regulate blood sugar levels. Controlling your portion sizes can help keep your blood sugar levels in check and prevent spikes and crashes. Eating larger portions leads to more sugar intake which leads to weight gain. Being overweight puts you at risk of developing diabetes." And to protect your life and the lives of others, don't visit any of these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID.