As flu season hits (and hits hard) around the country, conversations about how to best protect yourself and your family from the bug (even if they’ve been debunked) are always going to recirculate. Although medical professionals and the CDC are urging people to get their flu shots, it’s understandable that people are looking for any and everything they can do and use to prevent getting sick, including unorthodox treatments like the essential oil “flu bomb.”
Recipes for flu bombs are circulating through online parenting groups as a more natural alternative to the flu shot. But ingesting essential oils is not only ineffective; it can be dangerous. And a homemade concoction of essential oils is not a substitute for the science-backed vaccine. No matter how “natural” it sounds. Because do you know what else is natural? Dying of influenza.
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In a screenshot and link first shared on social media in 2018, aromatherapy group Aroma Life advises putting doTerra-brand oregano, On Guard, melaleuca and lemon essential oils into an empty gel capsule and taking it internally. A second recipe includes peppermint and frankincense. If you have a cough, they recommend adding two drops of lime to the mixture before bedtime to suppress it.
If you haven’t heard of doTerra before, it’s a multilevel marketing (aka pyramid) company that sells essential oils and other related products, primarily via their independent distributors known as “wellness advocates.”
But should people be ingesting essential oils?
In 2014, the FDA sent a warning letter to doTerra (and one to Young Living) citing illegal medical claims. (Essential oils are not regulated or FDA-approved.) Since then, it seems the oil companies have tried to avoid using language claiming medical benefits. And yet, we have the flu bomb spreading like, well, the flu.
The Mayo Clinic does not recommend ingesting essential oils, and the Poison Control Center says to “[u]se products containing essential oils ONLY for their intended purpose.” Their site notes, “Many can be poisonous if absorbed through the skin or swallowed. Few have been tested like medicines have, even though people put them in their mouths, on their skin, and in their children’s vaporizers.”
Los Angeles mom Josie Davis says she learned not to ingest essential oils the hard way. When a doTerra rep paid her a visit to help with her fussy newborn and other postpartum issues, the rep declared the infant gassy. She sold Davis some fennel oil and told her to drink it in her water until the baby felt better.
“Essential oil is incredibly concentrated, and she told me to add 10 drops to every glass of water I drink,” Davis recalls. “First of all, it’s insane that a doTerra rep basically diagnosed my kid as gassy, but also 10 drops is a lot.”
The worst possible scenario ensued. “After about a week, I notice that my lips and throat hurt and I think I’m sick,” says Davis. “But then I take a sip of the fennel water and something clicked. This stuff had burned me from my lips literally all the way through to my anus; the burns were visible.”
Yikes. “I think essential oils smell great, but I will never ingest them again, and I will absolutely never buy doTerra,” she says. Learn from Davis’ experience. Don’t let an essential oil salesperson diagnose you or “prescribe” anything for medical reasons.
Physician assistant Jessica DeLuise, founder of Eat Your Way to Wellness, says that while topical essential oils can be helpful with cold and flu symptom relief such as nasal congestion, “[u]se of essential oils for medicinal purposes should be closely monitored with a trained professional.” Introducing oils, just like foods or products, can potentially cause skin irritation, GI upset or allergic reaction, she notes.
When it comes to substituting a flu bomb for a flu shot, Dr. Vincent M. Pedre, author of Happy Gut, wants to clarify some things.
“First of all, we need to make it clear that it is not an alternative to a vaccine,” he says of the flu bomb. “A vaccine is designed to prevent an illness, but may also come with other unwelcome side-effects. The flu bomb is using essential oils to treat the flu if it happens. The only remedies I know to prevent the spread of the flu are elderberry and prescription Tamiflu, and yet, they are unlikely to be 100 percent effective in preventing the spread.”
The flu bomb has antimicrobial essential oils, he says, but they’re not a substitute for a vaccine. If someone in your household comes down with the flu, Pedre advises that they be quarantined, ideally in a separate room. The flu is spread by droplets in the air, but those droplets cannot travel more than 10 feet, he explains. “Surfaces need to be cleaned, as they also become carriers for the spread of the flu virus.” And of course, make sure to wash your hands often.
Pedre says that while essential oils are not a substitute for the flu shot, he does use them in his practice. “Oregano oil, for example, has strong antifungal, antibacterial activity,” he says. So, while he uses oils, and there are many proven benefits to aromatherapy — anxiety and pain relief, for instance — Pedre cautions, “Companies need to be careful about crossing the line with prescriptive advice.”
So, wash those hands and stay well until this horrible flu season finally comes to a close. Head to your doctor’s office for a flu shot, and save those pricey essential oils for aromatherapy.
A version of this story was originally published in February 2018.
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