With the horrific mass shootings in
El Paso, TX, and Dayton, OH, this past weekend, we wanted to brush up on where the candidates stand on gun reform.
According to research from
Everytown for Gun Safety, 100 Americans are killed with guns, and hundreds more are shot and injured, every single day. And the gun suicide rate in America is 10 times greater than in other high-income countries. Gun violence is clearly an epidemic in need of not only our attention but also smart legislation that will prevent additional senseless deaths and mass shootings.
“All of the [Democratic] candidates have been really good on [the gun reform] issue and actually are competing to see who can be the best,” Shannon Watts, founder of
Moms Demand Action and author of the recently released , told Refinery29. “Some of the candidates have put together very innovative policy platforms on this issue.” Fight Like A Mother
While many "flunked out" according to their NRA scores — most of them have Fs — we wanted to track the different ways in which the Democratic candidates are distinguishing themselves on the issue. Read about their positions, ahead.
This is a developing story. We will update it with more candidates, and as more information becomes available. Mayor Pete Buttigieg
On August 5, 2019, Mayor Buttigieg published "
An Action Plan to Combat the National Threat Posed by Hate and the Gun Lobby," outlining the actions he believes the country should take to combat gun violence. “We throw up our hands as though this was the result of some cosmic force, but these tragedies are the consequence of policy failures. It’s time to address those,” he wrote.
“As a veteran, I know that military-grade weapons have no place in our neighborhoods,” Buttigieg, a veteran of the war in Afghanistan and lieutenant in the U.S. Navy Reserve, wrote. On top of advocating for a ban on all assault weapons and high-capacity magazines, Buttigieg wants to institute universal background checks and close various loopholes that allow dangerous individuals to purchase and possess guns, including the “
boyfriend loophole ” and the “ Charleston loophole.” He also wants to resume federal funding for gun violence research, to establish a nationwide gun licensing system, and to pass laws that will keep guns out of the hands of domestic abusers.
Buttigieg has been vocal about gun reform during his tenure as mayor of South Bend, IN. In 2013, he joined
Mayors Against Illegal Guns, a group of mayors advocating for gun safety legislation. Photo: Scott Olson/Getty Images. More Sen. Amy Klobuchar
On June 18, 2019, Klobuchar released
her plan for "More Than 100 Actions for Her First 100 Days as President," which includes closing the gun-show loophole, banning bump stocks and assault weapons, better background checks, and identifying gun violence as a public health issue in Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) studies. It earned her praise from Everytown for Gun Safety and Moms Demand Action, a part of Everytown.
“Sen. Amy Klobuchar has been a champion [for gun reform] in the Senate,” Watts said, citing her
legislation to close the “boyfriend loophole,” which expanded the definition of convicted domestic abusers prohibited from purchasing weapons to include stalkers and dating partners. Its previously limited definition only included people who were married to, have children with, or lived with their victim.
In 2013, Klobuchar also
voted to ban “large-capacity ammunition feeding devices” (magazines that can hold over 10 rounds) and to expand background checks for firearm purchases. She also co-sponsored the Large Capacity Ammunition Feeding Device Act.
In the past, the Democratic senator has voted in favor of gun rights legislation, including an amendment in 2009 that allowed
Amtrak passengers to carry handguns in their checked baggage. Minnesota is also a state that values hunting and fishing, and Klobuchar has said she “would do nothing to hurt hunting.” Recently, she has stated that she believes in “ common-sense gun legislation ” like banning assault weapons and universal background checks. Photo: Shutterstock. More Sen. Kamala Harris
When asked about school shootings during a recent
CNN town hall, California Sen. Kamala Harris said that political leaders have failed to pass common-sense legislation, like renewing the assault weapons ban or requiring universal background checks for gun purchases.
“Upon being elected, I will give the United States Congress 100 days to get their act together and have the courage to pass reasonable gun safety laws,” Harris said. “And if they fail to do it, then I will take executive action.” She said that as president she would issue a requirement for background checks on dealers who sell “more than five guns a year,” and she would direct the Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms to seize licenses from sellers who break the law.
During her time as California’s attorney general, in 2011, Harris announced the seizure of over
1,200 firearms from individuals who were either mentally unstable or convicted of a crime that would not allow them to have a firearm. The Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence endorsed Harris’ Senate run in 2016.
Harris herself is a
gun owner, which she says she keeps for personal safety, given her time as a career prosecutor. Her aides have said she is a responsible gun owner and keeps the handgun locked up. Photo: Bill Clark/CQ Roll Call. More Sen. Elizabeth Warren
When the Massachusetts Democrat was running for senator in 2012, extending the federal assault weapons ban was part of
her platform. Shortly after becoming senator, in April 2013, Warren voted to ban “large-capacity ammunition feeding devices” (magazines that can hold over 10 rounds) and to expand background checks for firearm purchases. She also co-sponsored the Large Capacity Ammunition Feeding Device Act, along with Sen. Amy Klobuchar, Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand, and 19 others.
Throughout her time in office, Warren has been firm in her stance on the need for gun reform. “We lose eight children and teenagers to gun violence every day,” Warren wrote in her 2014 memoir
A Fighting Chance. “If a mysterious virus suddenly started killing eight of our children every day, America would mobilize teams of doctors and public health officials. We would move heaven and earth until we found a way to protect our children. But not with gun violence.”
In recent years, Warren has also pushed to restore funding to
studying gun violence and its public health consequences. After the Parkland shooting in 2018, Warren wrote letters to nine gun company shareholders asking them to use their positions to pressure gun companies to take steps to reduce gun violence. Photo: Alex Wong/Getty Images. More Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand
“Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand is unique in that she had a change of heart and mind, and went from having an A rating from the NRA to an F,” said Watts.
A day after
announcing her 2020 presidential run, Gillibrand apologized on The Rachel Maddow Show for her past conservative views issues including guns and immigration. “I just knew I was wrong," she said in the interview, explaining how learning about a teenage girl’s death in 2009 changed her mind. Soon after, Gillibrand drafted legislation to crack down on gun trafficking. That year, she also voted “no” on an amendment (which ultimately passed) that allowed Amtrak passengers to carry handguns in their checked baggage, and voted to close the “gun-show loophole,” supporting requirements for background checks for sales at gun shows.
After the Sandy Hook mass shooting in 2012, she penned an
op-ed in the urging Congress to act on gun reform, including the Gun Trafficking Prevention Act she co-authored. In 2013, Gillibrand New York Daily News voted to ban “large-capacity ammunition feeding devices” (magazines that can hold over 10 rounds) and co-sponsored the Large Capacity Ammunition Feeding Device Act. She has also pushed to fund gun violence research in recent years and supports universal background checks. Photo: Julius Motal/AP/Shutterstock. More Sen. Cory Booker
As part of his presidential platform,
Booker unveiled a 14-part-plan in May 2019 that among other things includes a gun-licensing program, closing the " boyfriend loophole," and a ban on assault weapons, bump stocks, and high-capacity magazines. “My plan to address gun violence is simple — we will make it harder for people who should not have a gun to get one,” Booker said in a statement at the time. “I am sick and tired of hearing thoughts and prayers for the communities that have been shattered by gun violence.”
Booker himself is part of one of said communities: He resides in Newark, NJ. “I think I’m the only... I hope I’m the only one on this panel here that had seven people shot in their neighborhood just last week,” he said during the
first presidential primary debate on June 26. “Someone I knew, Shahid Smith, was killed with an assault rifle at the top of my block last year.”
As the mayor of Newark, the Democrat implemented a
gun buyback program. As a senator, he has advocated for the expansion of background checks and blocking suspected terrorists from purchasing firearms. PHoto: Patsy Lynch/Shutterstock. More Like what you see? How about some more R29 goodness, right here? How The Justice System Failed Cyntoia Brown Unpopular Opinion: "I'm Pro-Choice & I Voted For Trump" Cyntoia Brown Has Been Released From Prison