3 Things That Could Be Hurting Men’s Fertility

Twice a month, Yahoo Health’s Hormone Whisperer Alisa Vitti, HHC, is answering the most common questions about hormones and how they relate to weight, sex, acne, bad moods, low energy, and everything in between. Read her introductory column to learn more about Alisa’s approach to stopping hormonal chaos and getting into hormonal flow.

THE QUESTION: I’m doing everything I can to increase my chances of having a baby (like eating the right foods and managing my stress), but is there anything my guy can do to enhance his fertility?

ALISA’S ANSWER: This is such a great, important question that not enough couples ask. So often we get caught up focusing on female fertility that we completely forget to acknowledge the profound role men have in the baby-making game. The great news is, the short answer to this question is a resounding “YES!” — there are plenty of things men can do to increase the odds of successful conception, and getting a few factors straightened out can have a big impact.

The FLO Science: What potential factors could disturb a man’s fertility?

When we think about endocrine disruptors and reproductive obstacles, we often think of big concepts like environmental pollutants and genetically modified Franken-foods. And while these big-picture factors certainly play a significant part in compromising fertility, there are so many smaller, under-the-radar aspects of everyday life that can add up to become major roadblocks as well.

Here are a few things you might not realize are impacting your man’s fertility:

1. Pesticides in sneaky places

You may fill your grocery cart with organic produce in an effort to avoid pesticides. That’s great! But did you know these harmful, fertility-destroying chemicals can lurk in other places besides the grocery store?

This one comes as a shock to many women and men, but one place essentially covered in pesticides is … the golf course. Really! Pesticides are actually applied to golf courses in higher concentrations than just about any other type of land in the country — including farmland!

According to the organization Beyond Pesticides, it takes a ton of chemicals to preserve the pristine green turf and that includes synthetic fertilizers, herbicides, insecticides, fungicides, and more. These harmful chemicals have been associated with everything from kidney and liver damage to neurotoxicity to — you guessed it — endocrine disruption and reproductive effects.

If your man is an avid golfer, he’s likely hitting the green in shorts and a shirt, exposing his skin to the elements, working up a sweat, and repeatedly picking up a ball that’s been rolling around in all those chemicals. Not good. Even if your guy has never picked up a club, he may still be exposing himself and his hormones to the same kinds of dangerous pesticides if he ever does lawn work or doubles as your in-house, ant-killing exterminator. All those chemicals can mean fertility challenges.

Related: 12 Things Every Man Should Know About Sperm

2. Off-balance gut bacteria

Believe it or not, the gut plays a major role in reproductive health. The gut really does rule all; while a microbiome disruption can be at the root of pretty much any health problem across the board, it can really wreak havoc on hormones.

By now, we’ve all heard about the importance of gut bacteria. While we like to think of ourselves as autonomous, independent individuals, the truth is, bacteria really do run the show! We need to maintain a delicate balance of gut bacteria in order to stay healthy. When the bad bacteria outnumber the good, however, that delicate balance can be disturbed. And in our modern world, this can happen pretty easily,

Gut health is a big deal, and one major consequence of an imbalanced microbiome is the possibility of micronutrient malabsorption. When you can’t get access to the vitamins and minerals necessary to support proper hormonal production, problems will inevitably arise, and this of course includes reproductive problems as well.

3. Low testosterone

If your guy is moody, overweight, or seriously not interested in sex, then he may have a hormonal imbalance – specifically, too much estrogen and too little testosterone. Testosterone keeps men (and to a certain extent, women!) physically strong and stoked for sex. If something disrupts the body’s natural healthy levels of the hormone, all sorts of symptoms like fatigue and even depression can arise. In addition, low testosterone and elevated estrogen can severely impact the quality, mobility, and motility of a man’s sperm, which can severely compromise a couple’s ability to conceive.

Related: 6 Things That Could Be Hurting Your Sperm

The FLO Fix: How men can enhance fertility

While there are a lot of factors that can potentially stand in your man’s way of helping you conceive, there are also many ways you can both counteract some of the damaging factors.

Here are just a few ways to turn things around:

1. Avoid pesticides at all costs

If your guy really loves to tee off, this one might be tough. But it’s important to avoid all known areas teeming with pesticides, and this definitely includes the golf course. Your guy should take an extended leave of absence from the game and avoid doing any yard work, insect extermination, or other household chores that involve synthetic, toxic chemicals.

One of the easiest (albeit most obvious) ways to ensure your guy is steering clear of pesticides? Feed him only organic food! Make sure your kitchen is stocked with organic produce, meats, grains, and seeds.

Related: 5 Foods That May Hurt Male Fertility

2. Have him take a probiotic

To make sure his gut is in a good place, I suggest making sure your man starts taking a high-quality, anti-inflammatory probiotic.

3. Start taking the right supplements

The best way to get nutrients is through whole foods, but sometimes supplements can provide an added boost to really send things in the right direction. In the case of male fertility, B vitamins, zinc, and selenium are all great, natural testosterone boosters that can enhance sperm quality and up your man’s chances of one day becoming a proud papa.

Are you trying to conceive? If you want to do everything in your power to improve your chances of becoming a mom, I want to help you optimize your fertility. Whether you are just starting to think about having a baby, or have already tried naturally or have been trying with IVF, my Fertile FLO Program will help improve your chances of conception. Click here to download my FREE guide, The 5 Health Foods to Avoid to Get and Stay Pregnant.

ABOUT ALISA: Alisa Vitti, HHC, is an integrative nutritionist, best-selling author of WomanCode, creator of the WomanCode System, and the founder of FLOLiving.com, a virtual health center that supports women’s hormonal and reproductive health. A graduate of Johns Hopkins University and the Institute for Integrative Nutrition, Alisa has been featured on The Dr. Oz Show, has a web series on Lifetime, and has been a regular contributor for CBS, Fox, Shape, Women’s Health, MindBodyGreen, and the Huffington Post. She’s also presented at TEDx, Talks@Google, Summit Series Outside, Hay House, WIE Symposium, and SHE Summit.