15 Biggest Natural Gas Companies in the World

Trish Novicio
·8 min read

In this article, we are going to list the 15 biggest natural gas companies in the world. Click to skip ahead and jump to the 5 biggest gas companies in the world.

Natural gas has been gaining more popularity as an energy source because it helps the world with two major things: first, it reduces the adverse global impact of climate change, and second, it is a cheaper alternative to fossil fuel (until such time that zero-carbon-emitting renewables can take over) which helps economic development. Natural gas is environmental-friendly because it emits 50% less carbon dioxide than coal when you burn it thus they call it “clean fuel”.

According to the US Environmental Protection Agency, the primary source of greenhouse gas emissions from human activities in the United States is the burning of fossil fuels for electricity, heat, and transport. This is where the effective use of natural gas comes in. The use of natural gas instead of coal to produce electricity can dramatically reduce air pollution. On the other hand, natural gas is also a strong player for hydropower, offering a reliable source of electricity when there is inadequate rainfall. If you are interested in promoting sustainable energy, you may read on the 10 best climate stocks to buy now for more information.

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As per the International Energy Agency (IEA), natural gas has accounted for nearly one-third of the total increase in energy demand over the last decade, more than any other commodity, accounting for approximately 23% of the world's primary energy demand. According to BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2020, Russia holds 19% of the world’s natural gas reserves with a total proved resource of 38 TCM (1,341 trillion cubic feet). While the US accounts for a 6.5% share of natural gas reserves worldwide with a proven resource of 12.9 TCM (455 trillion cubic meters). You would notice that some of the 15 largest gas companies in the US are present on our list of the world’s biggest natural gas companies as the US is one of the largest countries that produce natural gas. In 2019, the US generated almost a quarter of the world's natural gas supply – about 921 bcm – more than any other country.

In 2019, the global output of natural gas reached a new peak, reaching the mark of 4 Tcm for the first time with the production of 4 088 Bcm. After the financial crisis, natural gas production has steadily increased at an annual growth rate of 2.7%. Natural gas was less heavily impacted than oil and coal, but there was still a drop in demand during the COVID-19 crisis. Global demand for gas dropped by an estimated 4% year-on-year in the first half of 2020 due to the combination of the Covid-19 crisis and the unusually warm winter in the northern hemisphere. The strict lockdown measures and low electricity demand due to business closures have impacted the demand for natural gas as well. Is it the universe telling us that the natural gas industry is about to flunk? One thing is certain if consumption returns to its pre-pandemic state by next year, the natural gas demand is expected to recover progressively.

With that, we are providing you today the list of the biggest natural gas companies in the world ranked by revenue, market cap, and assets we sourced from Forbes. These values will give us the most accurate ranking in determining the biggest natural gas key players in the world and we’ll start it with number 15:

15. Conocophillips (NYSE: COP)

Revenue: $29.5 billion

Market Cap: $42.8 billion

Assets: $65 billion

Headquarter: Houston, TX, USA

One of the largest gas producers in the US is also distributing natural gas globally. ConocoPhillips was founded in 1917 and operates in 29 countries, primarily North America, Europe, Australia, and Asia. ConocoPhillips is involved in the production, advancement, transport, and marketing of crude oil, bitumen, natural gas, natural gas liquids, and liquefied natural gas worldwide.

ConocoPhillips (NYSE:COP)
ConocoPhillips (NYSE:COP)

14. Equinor (NYSE: EQNR)

Revenue: $64.35 billion

Market Cap: $46.4 billion

Assets: $118 billion

Headquarter: Stavanger, Norway

Equinor is a multinational energy corporation, present in more than 30 countries worldwide, engaged in the discovery, growth, and production of oil and gas, as well as wind and solar power. Equinor supplies gas equal to the gas consumption of more than 50 million households in Europe. The company is the largest producer of gas on the Norwegian continental shelf and the second-largest supplier of gas in Europe. Equinor has established operations in the US, Germany, the UK, France, and Algeria.

13. Eni Spa (NYSE: E)

Revenue: $72.5 billion

Market Cap: $34.1 billion

Assets: $131.7 billion

Headquarter: Rome, Italy

Eni SPA is an Italian company engaged in the discovery, growth, and production of hydrocarbons, the supply and marketing of coal, liquefied natural gas (LNG) and electricity, the processing and marketing of petroleum products, the production, and marketing of basic petrochemicals and plastics. In 2019, Eni produced approximately 5.3 billion cubic feet of natural gas per day.

Kanok Sulaiman/Shutterstock.com

12. Petrobras (NYSE: PZE)

Revenue: $78.9 billion

Market Cap: $43.5 billion

Assets: $230.2 billion

Headquarter: Brasilia, Brazil

Petroleum Brasileiro S.A. focuses on the oil, natural gas, and energy sectors. The company is involved in the prospecting, exploration, refining, manufacturing, trading, and transporting of crude oil from inland and offshore oil fields and shale or other rocks.

Petroleo Brasileiro Petrobras SA (ADR) (NYSE:PBR)
Petroleo Brasileiro Petrobras SA (ADR) (NYSE:PBR)

Pixabay/Public Domain

11. Lukoil PJSC

Revenue: $116.3 billion

Market Cap: $41.2 billion

Assets: $95.7 billion

Headquarter: Moscow, Russia

LUKOIL PJSC explores, extracts, and refines, transports, and markets oil and gas primarily from Western Siberia. LUKOIL is one of the largest globally integrated oil and gas companies accounting for about 2% of the world's oil production and about 1% of the proven hydrocarbon reserves.

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10. Gazprom

Revenue: $122.6 billion

Market Cap: $60.8 billion

Assets: $331.7 billion

Headquarter: Moscow, Russia

Gazprom focuses on the geological exploration, development, transport, storage, refining, and selling of coal, natural gas, and oil, the sale of gas as a vehicle fuel, as well as the generation and marketing of heat and electricity. In 2019, the company manufactured 500.1 billion cubic meters of natural and associated gas; 16.7 million tons of condensate gas; 40.8 million tons of oil.

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9. Rosneft Oil Co.

Revenue: $129.9 billion

Market Cap: $48.1 billion

Assets: $208.5 billion

Headquarter: Moscow, Russia

Rosneft is the pioneer of Russia's oil industry and the world's largest publicly traded oil company. Rosneft's operations include discovery and development of hydrocarbons, offshore ventures, refining of hydrocarbons, and the sale of crude oil, gas, and products in Russia and abroad. The Russian oil firm Rosneft's output volume of crude oil and gas condensate amounted to 230 million metric tons in 2019.

Pixabay/Public Domain

8. Chevron Corp (NYSE: CVX)

Revenue: $140.1 billion

Market Cap: $164.98

Assets: $237.4 billion

Headquarter: San Ramon, CA

Founded in 1879, the oil company now known as Chevron Corp. is one of the oldest survival stories in California as a well-established natural gas producer in the world. The company has more than 2.4 trillion barrels of proven oil reserves in the United States alone and can supply the world daily with 6.03 billion cubic feet of natural gas. Chevron Corporation produces and sells crude oil and natural gas. Chevron also refines markets and distributes oils, as well as engages in chemical and mining operations, power generation, and energy services.

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Chevron Corporation (NYSE:CVX), Homepage, Logo, Sign, Website, Magnyfing glass, Symbol, Oil, Fuel, Gass

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7. China National Petroleum Corporation

Revenue: $168 billion

Market Cap: $69.1 billion

Headquarter: Beijing, China

China National Petroleum Corporation plays a leading role in China’s petroleum industry. CNPC is the largest natural gas producer and supplier in China, providing more than 61.9% of China’s gas supply and operating 75.2% of China’s gas pipeline. CNPC owns the biggest pipeline and storage networks serving 31 provinces, municipalities, and autonomous regions, as well as the Hong Kong SAR in China.

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Copyright: Elnur / 123RF Stock Photo

6. Total SE

Revenue: $176.2 billion

Market Cap: $93.1 billion

Assets: $273.3 billion

Headquarter: Paris, France

Total SE extracts, transports, and markets crude oil, natural gas, and low-carbon energy, as well as refine petrochemical materials. Total currently operates gas stations in Europe, the United States, and Africa. The company aims to increase the output of gas to promote the least carbon-intensive energy production, which could account for almost 60% of its hydrocarbon production by 2035, while at the same time reducing as much as possible the emissions of methane produced by its production and transport.

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Disclosure: No position. 15 biggest natural gas companies in the world is originally published at Insider Monkey.