Insights on the Virtual Core Industry in 2022 - 5G SA is Taking Longer Than Anticipated

DUBLIN, Sept. 15, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- The "Virtual Core - Gateway to the Real 5G" report has been added to  ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering.

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The journey towards SA core is clearly not as smooth as was envisioned. This report looks at the who and the how and the when of the adoption status.

Considering that containers do technically qualify as VNFs, and most VNF vendors have containerization of network functions on their radars anyway, we had to relook at the earlier characterizations.

This report concentrates on the market for virtualized Core.

The report now considers two types of virtualized cores:

  • Virtual machine (VM)-based virtualized Core

  • Container-based virtualized Core

5G SA is clearly taking longer than anticipated. The reasons are many - telco ennui with the constant architectural flux without commensurate returns being the main one. Telcos have had their fingers burnt with the seemingly never-ending development cycle of a reliable and acceptable MANO.

Companies Mentioned

  • 6WIND

  • Affirmed Networks

  • Airtel

  • AT&T

  • Athonet

  • Baicells

  • BT

  • Casa Systems

  • China Mobile

  • China Telecom

  • China Unicom

  • Cirrus Core Networks (CCN)

  • Cisco Systems

  • Dell EMC

  • Deutsche Telekom

  • Enea

  • Ericsson

  • Etisalat

  • HPE

  • Huawei

  • Intel

  • Jio

  • KDDI

  • KT

  • LG Uplus

  • Lifecell Ukraine

  • M1 Singapore

  • Mavenir

  • Metaswitch

  • NEC/Netcracker

  • Nokia

  • NTT DoCoMo

  • Ooredoo

  • Optus (Singtel Optus)

  • Oracle

  • Orange

  • Rakuten

  • Red Hat

  • Samsung

  • Saudi Telecom (STC)

  • Singtel

  • SK Telecom

  • Softbank

  • Swisscom

  • T-Mobile

  • Telefonica

  • Telenor

  • Telia

  • Telkom Indonesia

  • Telstra

  • TIM/Telecom Italia

  • Turk Telecom

  • Turkcell

  • Veon VimpelCom

  • Verizon

  • VMware

  • Vodafone

  • Wind River

  • ZTE

Key Topics Covered:

1. Executive Summary

2. The Core Journey
2.1 The Core and its Evolution
2.2 Contours of EPC
2.2.1 SAE and the Flat Architecture
2.2.2 Decoupling of Planes
2.2.3 NAS
2.2.4 Blocks in the EPC
2.2.4.1 SGW
2.2.4.2 PGW
2.2.4.3 ePDG
2.2.4.4 TWAG
2.2.4.5 MME
2.2.4.6 HSS
2.2.4.7 Other optional elements
2.3 The 5G Core (5GC)
2.3.1 SA versus NSA
2.3.2 NEC Converged Core
2.3.3 5GC Functions
2.4 Virtualization of the Core
2.4.1 Contrary, yet Complementary Trends
2.4.2 The Optimized Spending Pattern
2.4.3 The Mechanics
2.4.4 The Challenges

3. VNFs - VMs and Containers
3.1 VM-based VNFs
3.1.1 History and Progression
3.1.2 NFV architecture
3.1.2.1 VNFi/NFVi
3.1.2.2 VNFs
3.1.2.3 MANO
3.2 Containers - The Challengers
3.2.1 What are Containers?
3.2.2 Microservices
3.2.3 Container Morphology
3.2.3.1 Provisioning and Run-time Management Block
3.2.3.1.1 Docker Engine
3.2.3.2 Orchestration Block
3.2.3.2.1 Kubernetes
3.2.3.3 Application Deployment Block
3.2.4 Container Deployment Methodologies
3.2.4.1 Virtual Machine (VM)
3.2.4.2 Bare Metal
3.2.4.3 Cloud or Container as-a-Service (CaaS)
3.2.5 Stateful and Stateless Containers
3.2.6 CNCF and CNFs
3.3 Contrasting Containers and VMs
3.4 Advantage Container-based VNFs
3.4.1 Freedom from Hypervisors
3.4.2 File-level Resource Management
3.4.3 Portability
3.4.4 Microservices-powered Scalability and Granularity
3.4.5 Quick Operationalization
3.4.6 Quick Orchestration with a Caveat
3.4.7 Containers and 5G
3.5 Challenges Confronting Container-based VNFs
3.5.1 Familiarity with VMs
3.5.2 Telco Demands
3.5.3 Latency
3.5.4 Security
3.5.5 Flexibility
3.5.6 Hardware Enhancements
3.6 Blending Containers with NFV
3.6.1 NFVi and CNF
3.6.2 MANO and Containers
3.6.2.1 ONAP and CNFs
3.6.2.2 OSM and CNFs

4. Telco Profiles
4.1 Telcos - Cautious, Yet Optimistic About 5G-SA
4.2 Telco profiles
4.3 Airtel
4.3.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.4 AT&T
4.4.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.5 BT
4.5.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.6 China Mobile
4.6.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.7 China Telecom
4.7.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.8 China Unicom
4.8.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.9 Deutsche Telekom
4.9.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.10 Etisalat
4.10.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.11 Jio
4.11.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.12 KDDI
4.12.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.13 KT
4.13.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.14 LG Uplus
4.14.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.15 Lifecell Ukraine
4.15.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.16 M1 Singapore
4.16.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.17 NTT DoCoMo
4.17.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.18 Ooredoo
4.18.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.19 Optus (Singtel Optus)
4.19.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.20 Orange
4.20.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.21 Rakuten
4.21.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.22 Saudi Telecom (STC)
4.22.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.23 Singtel
4.23.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.24 SK Telecom
4.24.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.25 Softbank
4.25.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.26 Swisscom
4.26.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.27 T-Mobile
4.27.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.28 TIM/Telecom Italia
4.28.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.29 Telenor
4.29.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.30 Telefonica
4.30.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.31 Telia
4.31.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.32 Telkom Indonesia
4.32.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.33 Telstra
4.33.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.34 Turk Telecom
4.34.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.35 Turkcell
4.35.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.36 Veon VimpelCom
4.36.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.37 Verizon
4.37.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
4.38 Vodafone
4.38.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives

5. Solution Provider Profiles
5.1 Organization Categories
5.1.1 Equipment Vendors
5.1.2 Independent Software Vendors (ISV)
5.1.3 Semiconductor Specialists
5.1.4 Hardware, OS and Firmware Specialists
5.1.5 Niche Solution Developers
5.2 Mergers and Funding Related Developments
5.3 Company Profiles
5.4 6WIND
5.4.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
5.4.1.1 6WINDGate
5.5 Affirmed Networks
5.5.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
5.5.1.1 vEPC
5.5.1.2 Virtual Slice Selection Function (vSSF)
5.5.1.3 UnityCloud
5.6 Athonet
5.6.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
5.6.1.1 Connectivity Platform
5.7 Baicells
5.7.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
5.7.1.1 vEPC/LTE Core
5.8 Cirrus Core Networks (CCN)
5.8.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
5.8.1.1 vEPC
5.8.1.2 vIMS
5.9 Cisco Systems
5.9.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
5.9.1.1 Ultra Cloud Core
5.9.1.2 Ultra-Packet Core
5.9.1.3 Other Developments
5.10 Dell EMC
5.10.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
5.10.1.1 Open Networking Switches
5.10.1.2 5G Core Solution
5.10.1.3 Other Developments
5.11 Enea
5.11.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
5.11.1.1 5G Microcore
5.11.1.2 Unified Data Manager
5.11.1.3 Other Developments
5.12 Ericsson
5.12.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
5.12.1.1 Cloud Native Application (CNA)
5.12.1.2 5G Core
5.12.1.3 CI/CD
5.12.1.4 Ericsson - Cloud Packet Core
5.12.1.5 Cloud-native NFVi
5.12.1.6 Other Developments
5.13 Huawei
5.13.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
5.13.1.1 Other Initiatives
5.14 Intel
5.14.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
5.14.1.1 5G-UPF
5.14.1.2 FPGA
5.14.1.3 Other Developments
5.15 Mavenir
5.15.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
5.15.1.1 Cloud Native IMS
5.15.1.2 Converged Packet Core
5.15.1.3 vEPC
5.15.1.4 Other Developments
5.16 Metaswitch
5.16.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
5.16.1.1 Packet Core
5.16.1.2 Fusion Core
5.16.1.3 Clearwater IMS Core
5.16.1.4 Other Developments
5.17 NEC/Netcracker
5.17.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
5.17.1.1 Converged Core
5.17.1.2 Other Developments
5.18 Nokia
5.18.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
5.18.1.1 Nokia - Cloud Packet Core
5.18.1.1.1 CNRD
5.18.1.1.2 CMM
5.18.1.1.3 CMG
5.18.1.2 Telecom Application Server
5.18.1.3 5G Core
5.18.1.4 Other Developments
5.19 Oracle
5.19.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
5.19.1.1 Assorted Core NFs
5.19.1.2 5G SCP
5.19.1.3 5G NRF
5.19.1.4 5G PCF
5.19.1.5 Other Developments
5.20 Red Hat
5.20.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
5.20.1.1 OpenShift Container Platform
5.20.1.2 5G Core Container
5.20.1.3 Ansible
5.20.1.4 Other Developments
5.21 Samsung
5.21.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
5.21.1.1 Samsung 5G Core
5.21.1.2 AdaptiV
5.21.1.3 Other Developments
5.21.2 Core Virtualization Initiatives
5.21.2.1 BreezeWAY
5.21.2.2 BreezeNEXT
5.22 VMware
5.22.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
5.22.1.1 VMWare Telco Cloud
5.22.1.2 NSX
5.22.1.3 X-Factor
5.22.1.4 Other Developments
5.23 Wind River
5.23.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
5.23.1.1 Titanium Cloud Product Portfolio
5.23.1.2 Kubernetes
5.24 ZTE
5.24.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
5.24.1.1 Cloud Common Core
5.24.1.2 vEPC
5.24.1.3 TECS
5.24.1.4 Other Developments
5.25 Casa Systems
5.25.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
5.25.1.1 Axyom Software Platform
5.25.1.1.1 Axyom 5G Core
5.25.1.1.2 Axyom EPC
5.25.1.2 Other Developments
5.26 HPE
5.26.1 Core Virtualization Initiatives
5.26.1.1 HPE 5G Core Stack
5.26.1.2 Other Developments

6. Quantitative Forecasts
6.1 Research Methodology
6.2 Forecast Taxonomy
6.3 Analysis of the Overall Virtualized Core Market
6.3.1 Mobile Telephony Generation
6.3.2 End-user
6.3.3 Solution Morphology
6.3.4 Hosting Mode
6.3.5 Regional Breakdown
6.4 Analysis of the VM-based Core Market
6.4.1 VM Morphology
6.4.2 End-user
6.4.3 Solution Morphology
6.4.4 Hosting Mode
6.4.5 Regional Breakdown
6.5 Analysis of the Container-based Core Market
6.5.1 Container Morphology
6.5.2 End-user
6.5.3 Solution Morphology
6.5.4 Hosting Mode
6.5.5 Deployment Methodology
6.5.6 Regional Breakdown

7. Glossary and Acronyms

For more information about this report visit https://www.researchandmarkets.com/r/focnfo

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