Longstanding norms and legal restrictions have stopped the DOJ from addressing the Mar-a-Lago raid.
Former President Donald Trump could release the search warrant and other records, but he hasn't.
Republicans, even some who are critical of Trump, have demanded more transparency.
In the feverish speculation around the FBI's search of former President Donald Trump's Mar-a-Lago home, Republican leaders have called on the Justice Department to release details about the "unprecedented" raid of Trump's estate in South Florida.
But they may have to wait awhile. Amid the clamoring for transparency, the Justice Department and FBI have responded with a familiar refrain in ongoing investigations: no comment.
Indeed, as even some of Trump's Republican critics have demanded a deeper explanation, Attorney General Merrick Garland has remained silent. For the Justice Department, it is a matter of longstanding policy and staying true to norms, while navigating the currents of a politically sensitive investigation into a former president, legal experts told Insider.
"One of the cardinal rules at the Justice Department is that it does not discuss ongoing investigations, and certainly not with Congress, because criminal investigations should be free from political interference. And that's what Congress is all about," said Ronald Weich, the dean of the University of Baltimore School of Law who served as the Justice Department's chief liaison to Congress during the Obama administration.
"In high-profile matters," he added, "there are sometimes exceptions, and the department will sometimes arrange briefings for members of Congress to explain, in general terms, the nature of an investigation. But it's a very delicate dance to decide how much can be provided, and the department will be institutionally reluctant to provide information about the ongoing investigation."
Meanwhile, Trump himself has allowed questions to hang over the raid.
In the normal course of a search, the FBI would have offered a copy of the warrant to a Trump representative at Mar-a-Lago and then provided an inventory of items taken from the property. Trump's lawyer Christina Bobb confirmed in a recent interview that she reviewed the search warrant. But in a situation reminiscent of Trump balking for years at releasing his tax returns, the former president has not publicly released any records related to the raid.
Trump and his allies have instead seized on the Justice Department's silence.
On the day of the search, Trump called it a politically motivated "weaponization of the Justice System" and alleged prosecutorial misconduct. The former president more recently suggested that federal agents might have been "planting" evidence during the search.
His Republican allies have also jumped to his defense. Sen. Rick Scott, a Florida Republican and former governor of the state, said the federal government had gone the way of the Gestapo — the notorious secret police in Nazi Germany.
Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell stayed silent through the immediate aftermath of the raid before giving a more tempered response in which the Kentucky Republican called for a "thorough and immediate explanation."
Gov. Larry Hogan of Maryland, a Republican critic of Trump, said the "unprecedented circumstances" of the Mar-a-Lago search "require unprecedented transparency and accountability from our government institutions."
"The American people deserve to know all the facts as soon as possible, and I call on the Biden administration to release — at a minimum — the documents authorizing the FBI search," Hogan said in a prepared statement.
A push to unseal
Garland has said repeatedly in public statements that the Justice Department speaks within the boundaries of court filings. Customarily in a criminal case, a search warrant and inventory of items seized would become public only after the Justice Department filed charges in court — an event that may never come to pass with respect to Trump and his handling of classified documents.
But in a federal court in South Florida, a conservative watchdog group and, separately, news organizations have opened a new avenue for accessing records about the search of Mar-a-Lago. On Wednesday, Judicial Watch and news organizations including The New York Times pushed to unseal documents related to the search warrant.
"Here, Judicial Watch is investigating the potential politicization of the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the US Department of Justice and whether the FBI and the Justice Department are abusing their law enforcement powers to harass a likely future political opponent of President Biden," the conservative group said in court papers.
In another court filing, lawyers for The New York Times said, "Mr. Trump has publicly and vociferously challenged the Justice Department's and FBI's actions."
The Times' lawyers added: "This matter is one of utmost public interest, involving the actions of current and former government officials.
"President Trump decried the search as an 'assault that could only take place in broken, Third-World Countries,' asserted agents 'even broke into my safe,' and otherwise publicly challenged the validity of the search and governmental action."
Magistrate Judge Bruce E. Reinhart, who approved the search warrant, ordered the Justice Department to respond by Monday.
The Justice Department's policy against speaking publicly about investigations — or even confirming or denying the existence of one — is rooted in a number of interests. Among them is a desire to "protect the person under investigation" from the taint of a criminal inquiry that might never result in charges, Barb McQuade, a University of Michigan law professor and former US attorney in Detroit, said.
"Typically, it remains sealed because there are accusations in that document that has only mustered the probable-cause standard. No one's been charged yet," she said. "Because there's a sealing order in place, DOJ can't talk about it until it's unsealed."
McQuade added: "It's an interesting situation we have now where people are calling upon Merrick Garland to announce what this was all about when these rules of secrecy are designed, in part, to protect Donald Trump and others in his situation.
"Trump himself, presumably, has a copy of the warrant and the inventory. And he could wave it around and say, 'Here's what they were looking for, and here's what they took.' But it seems that he would do that if it suited his purposes, and he's not doing that."
McQuade said the Mar-a-Lago search could justify at least a conversation within the Justice Department about publicly addressing the raid of Trump's home and private members-only club in South Florida.
"Based on what Merrick Garland has said in the past, I'd be surprised if he did that — just because of his statement that the Justice Department has norms, and it's even more important to adhere to those norms in challenging times," she told Insider.
"But I think the world has evolved in such a way that there's intense scrutiny, 24/7 chatter about everything the department is doing," she added. "Sometimes, when there is a vacuum, people will fill it with their own projections and cast aspersions, even though they're baseless."
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